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The Evening Star TUESDAY, MAY 14, 1889.

Major Hannah has been appointed to the command of the Southland volunteers,

Hanlan, the Canadian oarsman, has been giving advice to Auckland rowing men. He praised their whaleboats as exceedingly serviceable for tidal courses, but considers that their speed might be increased by the introduction of sliding seats. Hanlan will give an exhibition of his powers at the Auckland Regatta on Saturday next. At a public meeting held at Auckland last night, it was resolved to invite Mr John Dillon, Sir Thomas Esmonde, and Mr J. Deasy to visit Auckland, and a numerous committee was formed to arrange for their reception. It was also decided to ask the members of Parliament for the Auckland provincial district to allow their names to be placed on the Committee. A verdict of L2OO damages was obtained in Melbourne against a constable named Wilson, who had arrested an innocent man for a jewellery robbery without making any inquiries whatever as to the facts of the case. The Judge commented in strong terms on defendant subjecting any man to the degradation of imprisonment without making proper investigations. A woman was deserted by her husband, nothing having been heard of him for ten years. Receiving another offer of iparriage, she explained the circumstances, which did not prevent them becoming engaged. The man, however, eventually married someone else. The woman brought an action for breach of promise at Nottingham, and was awarded L3O. The Judge laid it down that seven years’ continuous absence was presumptive evidence of a husband’s death.

In a ‘ Gazette ’ of the Bth inst. the regulations for the new police examinations are published. These are now in force, and provide for the officers of the Armed Constabulary having to pass examinations in various subjects previous to obtaining promotion. It also affords the information that Detective Q’Brien receives L 125, Inspector Thompson L2O, and Constable J, Dwyer LlO as rewards respectively in connection with the recent convictions obtained against Witt and others for smuggling tobacco at Oamarn. Acting-detective R. Neil has been promoted to be a fourth-class detective. A conference of delegates from the school committees of Kensington, Forbury, and Maaandrew road was held in the Forbury schoolhoute last evening. There were present—Messrs Ross, Wardrop, Cole, Nicholls, Hogg, and Dodds, It was resolved that the following be holidays during the year:— Anniversary Day, Good triday, Raster Monday, Queen’s Birthday, Prinoo of Wales’s Birthday, St. Andrew’s Day, and any other day which the Mayor of Dunedin may proclaim as a holiday. It was also resolved that the schools close _ for the midsummer holidays in the third week of December, 1889, and reopen on the third Tuesday of January, 1890, and that there be no midwinter holidays this year. These resolutions have now to be forwarded to the various committees for adoption. Some discussion also took place regarding the advisability of giving certificates instead of books for prizes, but nothing definite was decided upon. The regular monthly meeting of the Otago Beekeepers’ Association was held last evenjug in Messrs Royse, Smith, and Co.’s office, Rattray street; present—Mr J. Brent, vicepresident (in the chair); committeemen— Messrs Sfeey, D’Oyley, M‘Craoken, Brickell, and the aaoretary. The Sub-com-mittee appointed at iaajt meeting to draw up a set of questions for submitting to the ‘ British Bee Journal ’ and ‘ Gleanings in Bee Culture’ brought up their report as tofiows“ Your Committee report that they forwarded the following questions:— ‘l, Is doyer honey superior to all honey, and if so, why? What makes it so?’ ‘2. What should guide judges in judging honey ? ‘ 3. In judging honey by points, allowing a maximum of 20 points in all, how would you allot them?”’ The Sub-committee appointed to interview the Dunedin Horticultural Society with reference to amalgamating the annual honey show with their autumn flower show— 1 “ not the amalgamating of the societies as lately — stated that they had submitted the schedule of prizes and conditions to theni; that pressure of business prevented the matter being finally settled : but that the feeling of the Horticultural Society was strongly in favor of the joint show. On the motion of Mr Brickell, the secretary was instructed to ofder two additional copies of the ‘ Australasia* Bee Journal. Mr D’Oyley then read an InterefllJflg paper on ‘The Metamorphoses oflnseoW after which Mr Morris announced that bis .pwer would be upon ‘Foul Btood,’ A vote ,qf thanks to Mr D’Oy-’ey for his paper closed the meeting.

Mr Jamea H. Clayton (proprietor of the ‘ Danevirke Buah Advocate,’ and formerly of Dunedin) has been appointed a Justice of the Peace.

The Postal authorities are prepared, on application before Thursday, at 10 a.m., to forward any of the Coptic’s mail by the Rimutaka; otherwise they will be forwarded by the San Francisco mail. The Auckland Rugby Union have intimated their intention of endeavoring to send a representative team South this season. They hope to be able to arrange matters so that the team will leave about August.

At this morning’s sitting of the City Police Court a first offender was convicted of drunkenness and fined ss, with the usual alternative. Messrs J. Wright and D, Stronach were the presiding Justices of the Peace.

According to the local ‘ Mail ’ Ashburton possesses a centenarian in the person of Neil Campbell, an inmate of the Old Men’s Home, who attained his hundredth year on the 3rd inst. He was born In Camptown, Argyleshire, on May 3, 1789. He comes of a long-lived family, his father dying at 110 years.

Mr Justice Cave, in summing up a case at Glamorgan assizes recently, said that it was undoubtedly to the public interest to know what took place in courts of justice. Newspapers did great service in this respect, and it was astonishing how generally accurate the reports which appeared in the newspapers were. In all cases where there appeared to be trifling inaccuracies a jury should always be inclined to doubt the presence of malice on the part of the reporter or proprietors.

The Greymouth correspondent of the ‘Westport Times’ says:—“lt is rumored that a serious disagreement has occurred between the Union Shipping Company and Mr Kennedy, of the Brunner Coal Company. The latter holds that the former is unduly favoring Westport. If this breach is warranted it is likely that another and a powerful opposition to the Union steamers will soon be in existence. The Union Company are said to be doing their utmost to prevent a harbor being made at Point Elizabeth, where it is understood that an English company are willing to commence operations,” The ordinary monthly meeting of the Athenoum Committee was held last evening, when there were present! Messrs J. 0. Moody (in the chair), J. R. Sinclair, J. A. Barr, W, S. Fitzgerald, J. H. Chapman, E. E. Morrison, D. Reid, Jun., D. White, W. M. Bolt, W. M'Adam, and W. B. Harlow (hon. sec.). The reports from the sub-com-mitteee on the management of the institute, and as to repairs necessary, were received and approved. Thanks were accorded to the Registrar of the Otago University for a copy of a calendar for the year 1889, and to Mr R. Wright for the first of the series of the Manchester vegetarian lectures. Accounts wore passed for payment amounting to L 27 15s, and several books recommended in the suggestion book were ordered. Mr R. Thompson has evidently the courage of his opinions. Though he has been regularly “ slated ” by the Press for the recklessness of his statements he returns to the charge, At his Dargaville meeting last week he said, inter alia “ Abuses existed among the village settlers, great favoritism was shown, and the truck system was carried on. The Government settlers dared not make complaints to Ministers for fear of the officials. The settlements were kept going for the benefit of the Queen street (Auckland) merchants. The late Government had paid LIO,OOO to toadies and crawlers after Ministers, He complained that the Property Tax Commissioner can reduce the property tax at will. The District Railways Bill was passed for the benefit of capitalists and speculators. He charged an Auckland ring with being the cause of the stoppage of the North of Auckland Railway, so as not to bring the kauri forest into the market against the timber monopoly.”

The Auckland Labor Council forwarded to Mr J. C, Firth, the miller, a resolution expressive of sympathy with him in his financial troubles, and expressing the hop? that “ the stoppage of this, the first and only business of its kind in this colony conducted strictly on the eight hours principle, will be only of a short and temporary character.” Mr Firth said in reply " But the eight hours system on which I have run my miUs is not directly responsible for my misfortunes. On the contrary, whether I consider the work done, the welfare and comfort of my workmen, the hearty goodwill and the increased vigor with which they have done their work, I have every reason to be satisfied with the result of my adoption of the eight hours system. Whether or no I may have an opportunity of applying it again to my own business, I shall remain a strenuous and earnest advocate of the eight hours system, as being in the end the best for both masters and workmen, on the broad ground of a community of interest between both, without which there can bo no real success in any industrial enterprise.” Remarkable instances of longevity are generally reported to give practical evidence of their unimpaired bodily powers by their readiness to “read the smallest type"; but it would be rash to infer from this that reading very spnall type is the way to become a centenarian without spectacles. Rather may it be assumed that it is the cautious habit of preferring fairly good type which has enabled these wonderful persons to preserve their eyesight so long. This at least appears to be the sensible view of Mr Priestly Smith, ophthalmic surgeon to the Queen’s Hospital, Birmingham, who has prepared for the School Board of that town a series of golden precepts on this important subject, which, legibly printed on a mounted scroll, are to be hung up in all the Board schoolrooms. Seven cardinal maxims are all that are considered needful for the scholar to bear in mind. These are: “Sit upright; sit square; keep your eyes at least twelve inches from your work; write on a slope and not on a flat table ; read with your book well up ; do not read very small print; do not work in a bad light; and if you cannot see your work pro: perly tell your teacher.’’ As there is nothing like a pictorial example, this is illustrated by four drawings exhibiting good and bad positions. What follows (says the ‘Daily News’) is in a like spirit, but is addressed more directly to the teacher. The spread of ophthalmia among the children in our schools and asylums in recent years gives an additional importance to Mr Priestly Smith’s final injunction to teachers to apprise parents at once if a child is found unable to see his work easily at the right distance, in order that the child’s eyes may be promptly and properly attended to.

A notice to members of Star of Freedom Lodge, 1.0. G.T., appears in this issue.

The annual tea meeting of the Mornington Presbyterian Church will be held in the church hall on Thursday evening, commencing at 6.80. Simonsen’s Opera Company, numbering thirty-nine, open at Invercargill in ‘Marltana’ to-night. We remind our readers that the Payne Family give their opening performance at the Choral Hall to-night. The favorable notices they have received from the Australian Press encourage the belief that a good night’s entertainment will be provided. We draw attention to the concert in St. Andrew’s Hall to-morrow evening. An attractive programme has been arranged, Mrs Petre and Miss Colville are to play solos and duets. Songs wijl be given by Misses Popplewell, Grey, Low, and Marshall, by Mesdames Boss and Reynolds, and by Messrs Finch and Gully; and Messrs Bracken and Cargill are to contribute readings. The proceeds are in aid of the funds of the Women’s Friendly Aid Society. The fortnightly meeting of the Loyal Valley Lodge, M.U 1.0.0. F., was held in Kirk’s Hall on Monday, N.G. Bro. Bee presiding. An official visit was received from the District officers. In response to the second toast, P.G, Bro. Wilkins replied on behalf of the Loyal Dunedin Lodge, P.G. Bro. Allen on behalf of tbe Loyal Hand and Heart Lodge, and Prov. O.M. Bro. Woo<jl, D.P.G.M. Bro. Miller, and Prov. O.S. Bro. Black on behalf of the District, A now literary work, which very fittingly makes its appearance during the Jubilee year of the colony, is now in the press, and will be issued to subscribers only. It is called ‘The Early History of New Zealand,’ and is being published by Mr H. Brett, of Auckland. Amoi g those whose services and researches hwe b . a utilised appear the names of Mr J. H. it' 'ice, Sir George Grey, Mr Colenso, Judge umm, the lata Mr B. Taylor. The b u,k w 1. 'o published in four parti.

. Penny readings were begun in the Mission Hall, Walker street, last night, and were quite a success. Seventy-fire persona paid their penny, and all seemed to enjoy themselves thoroughly. The entertainment lasted for a little over an hour, and consisted of readings, popular songs (some with choruses), and piano music. Those who took a share in the work last night! were the Rev, R, Waddell, Mrs W, H. Reynolds, Misses Don, J. Hooper, and Kelsey, and Mr Ash. Promises of assistance have been giver, by a number of ladies and gentlemen throughout the City, and it is hoped that some of the people themselves, including the boys and girls in the district, will help, so that the penny readings, which will be continued throughout the winter, are likely to be quite successful.

The following patents have been applied for ; —Mephan Ferguson, Victoria, for an improved pipe-coupling; 0. H. Eyres and W. S. Sergeant, Ballarat, for an improved fastener for clipping together the ends of belts, bands, and straps; Austin Doherty. Hawke’s Bay, for an improved machine for raising water; John Hiokea, Auckland, for an improvement in crosscut and pit saws; Robert Cockerell, Invercargill, for “The Regulateable Inclined Look-planes for Working Force-pumps"; John A, Miller, Arrowtown, for the saving of gold, silver, copper, tin, pyrites, or any other metallic ore; William Webster Dalby, Auckland, for “ Soapene," a scouring, cleansing, and disinfecting medium; Walter Greenshiels, Auckland, for hygienic boots and shoes; £. J. Martin, Christchurch, for improvements in apparatus for sinking artesian wells, or for pile-driving.

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The Evening Star TUESDAY, MAY 14, 1889., Issue 7906, 14 May 1889

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The Evening Star TUESDAY, MAY 14, 1889. Issue 7906, 14 May 1889

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