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The extension of the geological and prehistorical studies of the Yale University's North India 'expedition from the Himalayan foothills to the lower Indus Valley in Sind .and to the Narbadda Valley in Central India has resulted in discoveries that have an important bearing on the history of early man in India, states the leader of the expedition in the "New. York Times.". . '

Near Sukkur, and not far from the famous archaeological site of Mohenjo Daro, Dr. Teilhard and I have found a great wealth of Stone Age tools ranging in type from the Acheulean to the Younger Stone Age.

The' implements are made of flint, wihch is found in abundance in the underlying rock. The great natural' supply of this excellent stone must have time and again attracted early man, for the land surface over an area of many miles is littered with the products of various manufacturing communities. ' ■

The "Indus Valley civilisation" of Mohenjo Daro (3000 to 3500 8.C.) appears to close the prehistory of man in the Indus Valley, which evidently was one of mankind's important migration routes in Asia.

The great antiquity of India's prehistoric man became evident once more when in the' Narbadda Valley we extracted early paleolithic hand axes from a highly fossiliferous formation in which we found skulls and

fragments of extinct animais such as buffalo, ox, horse, and hippopotamus;

As in the Punjab, the Middle Paleolithic Soan culture replaces in the sequence the Acheulean hand-axe culture with more primitive tools. This,' we believe, indicates that the races of the Early Stone Age in India were superseded during the second interglacial phase of the Ice Age by peop_l« who were evidently less advanced, in stone-flaking technique. •■••.'.

The earlier people should be regarded 'as possible contemporaries, of Peking Man, whose stone' culture, however, differs greatly from the type that we found here.

The expedition has just terminated its field work and its various members are about to return to the United States, England, and China. Among.the more outstanding results of our studies are the reconnaissance and age determination of a great variety of prehistorical cultures and their geological connection with the Ice Age in the Himalayas. I have found evidence that early man ■ witnessed three mountainmaking movements in the Himalayan foothills.

Apart from several' thousand stone tools, we have collected a great wealth of fossil remains of the fauna that either preceded man or witnessed his evolution. Among these is a fine collection of fossil primate remains to which the evolutionist may turn for further information on human ancestry.

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Bibliographic details

ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS IN INDIA, Evening Post, Issue 51, 29 February 1936

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ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS IN INDIA Evening Post, Issue 51, 29 February 1936

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