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A NEW MAP

MR. DANIELS ON PEACE

AMERICA AND THE LEAGUE

OF NATIONS

PARALLEL WITH U.S. CONSTITUTION.

When. Mr. J. Daniels, Secretary of the United States Navy, was in London recently, he' spoke at a luncheon in his honour on the post-war prospects. Referring to the wider place America must take in the world as the result of its participation in this war, Mr. Daniels said: One of the results of this war will be a new horizon and a new map. From the time America and American youths entered the war the United States assumed new responsibilities for world peace and world conditions" which it cannot escape if it would, and would not if it could. The days of isolation, when we shied at co-operation with other nations, have passed. In the bloody days of war we co-operated qn sea and on land with all brave nations fighting for the cause of liberty. I have no sympathy with those Americans who, immediately upon the close of the war, forgot the altruistic causes that led us to send out soldiers and sailors across the seas, and counselled a return to the ideals in the days of sailing vessels, when the oceans separated us from the rest of tho world. The ferry boats which wo ran across the Atlantic, upon which 2,000,000 men were brought across,, show how narrow the oceans are, and disproved the ancient idea that the seas were to separate peoples. We taught . that they were to unite them. We entered the war without reserve. We must enter whole-heartedly into the task of winning a greater peace, and we know there is no peace that will abide without equal justice and a fair chance. To withdraw now from giving our counsel and help toward a world peace would be as almost wanting in response to our sacred duty as if in the height of battle we had withdrawn our best regiments for some slight, unworthy reason. Of course, it costs in our most precious lives to throw these regiments into thebloody fights. It will cos6> in effort, in resource, to be a part of the great world, but do we think more of resource than we thought of men? Are we willing to run away from the difficult problems when we had the courage to stand in the face of withering fire? To us has come the honour of living in this eventful day, when, in the fulness of time, " after massacre, after murder," this prophecy is being fulfilled, and Christians and Jews and men of all nations and creeds have agreed upon a covenant for the end of all wars of aggression, and our ears have heard the bells ring in " a thousand years of peace." The men who signed what will be called the world's Magna Charta did not hastily draw up this chart of freedom. They gave weeks to its consideration, and drew upon the wisdom of peacelovers of all nations who had looked forward to the coming of this new dispensation, and made preparation for it. It has been hailed with joy in all the nations, but here and there is a note of doubt and distrust. Honest doubters will become its ablest champions, but militarists see in it no rainbow .of promise across the sky. Amid the acclaim of the people of fourteen nations, and the thanksgiving of the peoples of small nations yet without voice, here and there we hear utterances of distrust and jeremiads and criticism. .But could we expect such a revolution in world thought and world policy without apprehension and division, and even denunciation? The parallel between the adoption of the Constitution of the United States and that of the League of Nations^ for Peace is perfect. No more patriotic body of men ever assembled to form a Government of the people, by the people, and for the people, than the great men who composed the Constitutional' Convention. When it was presented as the result of their mature wisdom, some' men of fervour and love of liberty like Patrick Henry decried it as a centralised instrument which would destroy the rights of the States and the liberty of the people. "It is a juggernaut," cried doubters. "It is a rope of sand," declared those who wished a Government fashioned more on monarchical lines. Both were wrong. It was neither destructive of the reserved rights of the States, nor a weak instrument. Time has demonstrated its strength and flexibility, and confounded all who had forebodings of ill in the written compass by which our mariners have safely steered the good old Ship of State, freighted with the hopes, and fears, and happiness, not only of its Bullions of passengers, but with the blessings and safeguards of liberty for all humanity. We remember Madison and Hamilton, the representatives of the two schools of thought of that day, and applaud their wisdom and vision in securing the ratification of the Constitution, while we have almost forgotten [ .those of. little faith. In the future, as ' men look back to this hour, when the: fate of the world depends upon this League of Nations, posterity will applaud the forward-looking statesmanship of Wpodrow Wilson, who had a large part in inspiring and fashioning this immortal document, and the distinguished and ardent lover of peace, William Howard Taft, who is abundant in labours and in leadership at home, in support of the noble principle to which the has given , his best thought and untiring effort. Not long ago Lloyd George asked this question : "Are we to lapse back into the old national rivalries, animosities, competitive armaments, or are ,we to initiate the reign on earth of the Prince 'of Peace?" To that question the representatives of fourteen nations made -the answer that preserves the fruits won .by the valour of Allied fighters, and the ! peoples of all the world will thundertheir-j approval. I have sometimes -wondered what might have been the reflection, in ! his sere and yellow leaf, of an American, given the opportunity to sign the Declaration of Independence, who had hesitated and doubted, and finally decid_ed towithhold his name and hisvsupport blithe hour .when, as Franklin happily phrased it, "We must hang together or ,we .will hang separately !" Can you .imagine. the feelings of his sons and grandsons ,as they came to manhood and felt thfery, had been robbed of a .priceless heritage,because of an ancestor's quibbles, ahd;fe_rs, and doubts 1 A score of years hence, When the League of Peace has given us a "warless world," for which even Tennyson dared not hope, though ho toyed -with the dream, what think you will_ be the unavailing regret of any mam, privileged to give it his earnest isupport, I .whose lack of faith in the New Day of World Ideals translated into World Realities, permitted some imaginary or other reason to put himself on record againstthis vitalising document of manifest destiny? And 'when he stands before the bar of his .children, .what answer,can he offer that will ,not make them stand ashamed; 1 that he was found Avairting in,, .the hour of the world's liberation from,; the curse of war ?

Vladimir Chiclikin, alleged Bolshevik; envoy, who was,refused entrance to Brazil and Argentina;" enjoyed completefreedom in "Montevideo, where he gave gymnastic exhibitions at concerts, according to advices from that city. Argentine immigration officers took precautions against any .possible attempt he -might make to go-tojßuenos Aires.

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A NEW MAP Evening Post, Volume XCVIII, Issue 11, 12 July 1919

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