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While there is stall a lack of unanimity as to what are.the best corrective measures to apply socially to the spread of venereal diseases, there is increasing agreement as to the soundness of at least one preventive measure—a campaign of education. In this direction, at any rate, the clouds of prejudice appear to be rapidly disappearing. The Wellington Hospital and Charitable Aid Board, in pursuance of the policy of impressing on the public the demoralising effects of the ravages of the disease, has arranged a lecture to be given to men only in the Town Hall on Monday night by Captain W. H. Pettit, N.Z.M.C. The war has intensified the need of a sane educational policy in this matter, and it is to be hoped that the lecture on Monday night will be followed by many more designed to reach all quarters where knowledge is required. ',

The scarcity of labour in the country was referred to by the Chief Justice at the Supreme Court this morning. He said that he had had a letter from a friend engaged in the farming industry who said that it was impossible 'to get men even to cut scrub, although he was prepared to pay them Is per hour and find them board and lodging.

"As the men of the Division had not had the opportunity of doing much, writing while they were on the move, I did what I could to give them facilities for sending a. line home before going into battle,'* writes Mr. J L. Hay, of the V.M.C.A. " I gave away over 10,000 of out postcards, in addition to lots of writing paper and envelopes, and in order that they could get them away I offered to have them censored and posted. The result was that I was inundated with postcards and letters, and it has been a job getting them censored and stamped. However, the job is nowdone, and it is sad to think that, many of the writers of these letters have by this time answered the great call. Then all sorts of commissions have been entrusted to me—the remitting and banking of money, posting of parcels, making out of wills, and so on."

■ "Cholera was raging in Kobe when I was there, and there were 100 cases a day," said Mr. J. Flockton to-day, "and I wonder there were not 1000 cases a day. If you saw the frightful sanitary arrangements of Kobe you would be amazed. Outside premises runs a shallow drain about nine inches wide, and a!) manner of filth is to be found in that drain. You can imagine the condition of the place and the hot sun. I think Japan is fearfully dirty, though" the Japs keep their bodies very clean."

Some large catches of trout are reported from Eotorua. The percentage of spent fish and "slabs" taken so far this season is reported to have been very small.

A supply of music stands was yesterday donated to the orchestra of the hospital ship Marama by the Wellington Ravage Club, on it being learned that the orchestra was lacking in this respect.

After The Post went to press yesterday the hearing of the charge of indecent assault against Donald Poison was continued, and the jury, without leaving the a? X> ht W- a verdict of not guilty. My. H. F O'Leary appeared for the accused. .

the war broke out the Karori Kifle Club had a membership of 110. So far fifty-five members have enlisted, and of these three have been killed and five wounded.

•7?u Set .your books to read in gaol," said the Chief Justice in sentencing 5 four Court this morning. "And why do you not try to amuse yourselves with them? At the same time, I hope the day will ™t e em R nS°nerS WUI «« ™- *

From the evidence given in a case beard at the Joxton Magistrate's <W it appears that there is money to be made at share-milking. The share-milker m the case in question, according to a statement made by .the employlr, re-' fi" V9H lan\ Sef°?- for his £600 6s 2d. Out of this he had to pay for abour^ after allowing for which the contractor s net earnings averaged £6 12s 6dper w«ek for the whole year

As showing tie demand for labour in the Stratford district, the local paper mentions that a kd just turned sixteen yearn of age lately started work in one ot the dairy factories at 10s a day The work in question does not call for any particular educational qualification, and the lads grammatical and "geographical knowledge is never likely to-be questioned, sa that the sum of £3 per week under the circumstances must be voted a really good remuneration even in wartime.

The kauri gum obtained in past years has been dug from the ground, but a considerable quantity is now being collected a,a different manner. Experts by means of ropes, scale the trees with the practised hand of a professional and swing about in mid-air at times like high trapeze performers. The gum is found in the forks of the branches, and some trees produce £s much as one or two hundredweight. It is easier work than digging in old forest ground,- and therefore preferable to many of the •-gumdiggers. . "

Students of old New Zealand -will be much interested \in a collection of water-colour sketches now exhibited at the Dominion Museum. The sketches were executed in 1864 by Major-General Kobley, then stationed in the Tauranga district. They were presented to the Museum some years ago, but have not all been exhibited previously, owing t6 the crowded state of the galleries. The pictures illustrate scenes in Native life, and incidents in the Maori wars, notably the fighting at Gate Pa. MajorGeneral Robley had the best facilities for observation, and combined with this, no mean artistic ability. He is still living in England, and takes a keen interest in New Zealand.

_ A runaway pair of horses and a delivery van were responsible for some excitement anß damage in Jackson-street, Petone, yesterday afternoon. The horses and van were being used by Messrs. Sibun, Ltd., when, in the neighbourhood of Tory-street, 'they got out of control through' the reins breaking, and bolted down Jackson-street. When they reached Blizabeth-sfreet there was a manifest difference of opinion between the horses, one desiring to keep straight on and the other to turn into Elizabethsfcreet, the result being a charge across the corner straight for Messrs. Sibun's plate-glass window, which was only saved from catastrophe by an intervening lamppost, which was snapped off short. One of the horses turned a complete somersault and packages of goods were strewn en the road. -The van was damaged «nd the horses severely shaken.

Four residents of Makara who are leaving shortly -with' the Reinforcements; were entertained, by the people of the district in the Makara Public Hall last night. Mr. J. Monaghan presided, and the guests of the evening were Ptes. Louis Sievers, Albert Sievers. Sydney Woods, and James Trotter. The popularity of the young men was demonstrated by the large gathering of residents assembled to wish them good luck. The health of the soldiers was proposed by the Rev. J. Y. Woodward, each man responding. The/Eev. Father O'Leary proposed a toast to their parents and relatives, on behalf of whom Mr. S. Bowler replied. , Each soldier was presented with a radium wristlet-watch and a writing-pad, Mr. R. A. Wright, M.P., making the presentations. Speakers during the evening congratulated the district upon the . excellent response which its young men had made and were making to the call of duty.

In the course of a letter to Mr. Brownell, national secretary of the V.M.C.A., Mr J. L. Hay,'writing from France, says :—" I arrived ahead of most of the Division and soon had a marquee erected in a central spot—on a spot which two months ago would have been very 'unhealthy.' Not twenty yards away from me are our old trenches, and from the door of the marquee we look out on the vast battlefield. It is a wonderful sight, and almost beggars description. Here the greatness oi Britain's power is seen in tangible form, and Fritz is now feeling the pressure of that power in no uncertain manner. It has been impossible for me to have the features that obtain usually in our work. The tent is devoid of such things as tables, lamps, piano, etc. Indeed, it is just as well that there are no tables, as they ■ would take up the room that would otherwise accommodate some much travelled and weary soldiers. As you may know, our men are travelling very light, and often have to bivouac in the open."

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Evening Post, Volume XCII, Issue 115, 11 November 1916

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Evening Post, Volume XCII, Issue 115, 11 November 1916

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