DOM MIGUEL. THE THRONE OF PORTUGAL
THE MAN WHO WANTS TO BE . KING. (Ex-Attache in the New York Tribune.)
While the public on both sides of tho Atlantic is familiar with the character and history of Don Carlos, Pretender tthe throne of Spain, and of the Duke of Orleans and Prince Victor Napoleon, tho rival claimants to the crown of France, little or nothing is known of Dom Miguel of Braganza, tho Pretender to the throne of Portugal. Until a few weeks ago he had been content to live in relative obscurity in Austria, where his ties of kinsmanship with the Hapsburgs have caused him to be treated ?« a relative of the Imperial family — almost as ono of its members. In fact, he l)as received the colonelcy of a crack hussar regiment and the order of the Golden Fleece, precisely as if he had been an Austrian archduke. Born in Austria in 1853 aiut educated in that country, he has been looked upon up till now as an Austrian in all but name and title, and was moreover believed to bo so thoroughly contented with h\s lot that, something akin to amazement has been created m Vienna by his public an nouncement that he lias never renounced his claims to the throne of Portugal, and that when the hour arrives he will bo ready and delighted to take possession tliereof. In one word, he has blossomed forth as a full fledged Pretender, and since there is a large party in Portugal that is championing his cause and clamoring for his proclamation as king in the place of Dam Carlos, whose position is critical in tho extreme, v, brief sketch of Dom Miguel may bo of timely interest. DIFFERENT POSITIONS. Dom Miguel is often described a.< standing for Legitimism in Portugal, in the same way that his fellow Pretender Don Carlos does in Spain. But their Eositions are entirely different. True, oth enjoy the support of the clergy and religious orders, to whom they have pronvsad a restoration of tho prerogatives, power, and property cf which they have been deprived by I iberal governaie/its. For much tho same reason they 1 cive the sympathy of the great !er ritorial aristocracy, \vho3e old-time rights have baen reduced to a minimum by radical legislation. But whereas, ,n tho cue hand, in Spain the order of the succession to the crown was altered by King Ferdinand VII. in favour of bis daughter Isabella, without any regard tq the hereditary /ights of his brother, the original Don Carlos, on the other hand the late Dom Miguel, who reigned for a time as King of Portugal, before being compelled to abdicate and leave the country, had secured possession jf his throne by a wholly indcfcnsibij act of usurpation, by the violation of all his most solomn pledges to the members of his family, to his people, and to the great powers. Moreover, while there has never been any question raised as to the birth of tho younger brother of King Ferdinand of Spain, there ar3 serious doubts a3 to tho legitimacy of Dom Miguel's father, tho reprobate exKing Miguel of Portugal. MIGUEL'S HISTORY. As for tho presont Dom Miguel, he is only in part, of royal blood, for h,'s mother, who survives as a Benedictino nun, cid not belong to any of tha reigning houses of Europe, but merely to one of the families of the mediatised nobility, beintf a Princess of Lo'.venstein-Wqr-theim. It was a nephew of hets^ 'Prince Lpuis of Lowens>toin-Wortheim, who was killed in the Philippines in 1899 while fighting in tho ran..s of the insurgents against, the American^ troops. As stated aoove, Dom Miguel was born in Austria, Gome twenty years after his father's exile from Portugal, and, all told, lit has spent only three days in Portugal, which he visit id secretly at the close of tiie Bosnian-llerzgovinian campaign, narrowly escaping arrest. Of his six sisters, the oldest is married to Don Alphonsa of Bourbon, the only brother of Don Carlos. Tho second is Archduchess Maria Thoresc, widow of the Austrian Emperor's bi-othor, Charles Louis, and stepmother of tho heir apparent. A thhd sister ir the wife of Duke Charles Theodore of Bavaria, tho celebrated oculist, and a sister-in-law, therefore of tho late Empress of Austria, and of the ex-Queen of Naples. Anothor sister of Dom Miguel is the consort of the roigning Grand Duke of Luxemburg, while still another sister lus as husband Robert of Bourbon, ex-sovereign Duke of Parma. Dom Miguel himself has been twice married, his first wife having been a Prinjcss of Tlnnn and Taxis, whilo liv present halpmate belongs to the same family an his mother — namely, that of Lowenstein-Wertheim. UNPLEASANT EXPERIENCES. Ho has two sons, and il is to be hoped for Lhe sako of Portugal" that neitlioi- d' them will ever be entrusted with tho control uf her destinies as King. For the second s>on, Prince Francis Joseph of Braganza, was arrested in London for ii hon-iblo offence whesn ho visited Eng land at the time of King Edward's coi':jnqtioii. Indignantly repudiated ami disowned by his kinsman, Archduke Fraecis Ferdinand, the Austrian heir apparent, v ho war, there as the representative of Emperor Francis Joseph, tho young prince was subjected to thu ignominy of several appearances in the prisoner'^ dock of an English metropolitan polico court before tho case was finally hiibhetl up and the prince bundled out of tho country. It is needless to add that his dism.ssal from tho Austrian 'army, .11 which )io hold a commission as lieutenant of the 7lh crack regiment of liubsars, proniDtly followed, and that since that time lie has been to all intents and purposes a social outcast, excluded from every reputable elufc, both in Austria and elsewhere. As for the elder of tho two brothers, Prince Michael, ho is regardod by many as responsible for th« death of Prince Albert of Saxony, the youngpst % brothtiT o* 1 Hie present King of Sa-xony. Prince Michael had been din ing, not wisely but too well, at a country house in the neighbourhood of Dresden. On his driving back to town he overtook the oquippago of Prince Albert, ■and either through carelessness, or m pursuanco of some drunken idea of fur. caught lm wheels in thoso of Prince Al bort's carriage with so much violence that it was ovei turned into tho ditch, Prince Albert, its occupant, sustaining such iniunos that he succumbed thereto a few hours later. So gi'cut wove the penitence and sorrow exhibited by Prince Michael for having been Ills cause of Albert's death that ho was permitted to letain his commission in tho Siixua army. But ho was poremptorily disiu'ssod a year Liter when it was brought' under tho notico of tho German government that in the absence of King 'harles ot Portugal in England tile princo had availed himself of the opportunity, and of his own leave of absence, to travel oxltMisively through Portugal for (he purpose of assisting in tho organisation ot an insurrection against King Charles. Since then, 1111 able ty secure v commission in any otht-i army, and suffering from a social boy cott, almost as severe aa that ciqainst his youiu-er brother, lie might, liko the latter, gladly a\iiil him&elf of tho opportunity afforded by a change of jiovorninont tit Lisbon to* transfer his home to n I'jjunlry where tho present giMirrntion rtt the I -nig.-uuas \>as not &v unfavourably kuuwut 1
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