Tho Registrar-General's return of vital statistics for the month of June gives the number of births and deaths and proportion of deaths to 1000 of population as follows in the boroughs named : —
suburban boroughs amounted to 363. against 391 in May. a decrease of 28 The deaths in Juno were 177, an increase of 27 on tho number in May. Of tho total deaths, males contributed 88 ; f emnlos, 89. Forty-eight of the deaths were of children under 5 years of age, being 2712 per cent, of the whole number ; of these 33 were under 1 year of age. There wore 30 deaths of persons of 65 years and upwards : six men of 65, 72, 74, 75, 76, and 85, and fivo women of 68, 70 (two), 77, and 83, died at Auckland ; three men of 66, 60, and 72, and one woman of 70, at Wellington ; four men of 69. 70, and 75 (two), and three women of 64, 67, and 75, at Christchurch ; lour men of 65, 66, 67, and 80, and four women of 67, 69, 70, 74, at Dunedin. Tho deaths at the four centres in June from specific febrile and zymotic diseases _ inhered 20, against 21 in May. Tho teal mortality trom this class of disease waa l_3o por cent, of the full number of deaths from all oauses, against a proportion of 140 per oent. in the previous month. Influenza caused 2 deaths — 1 at Christchurch and 1 at Dunedin. From whooping-cough there were 4 deaths — 2 at Auokland at 2 at Dunedin. The greatest mortality in the class was caused by diphtheria, from whioh 7 persons died— 3 at Auokland, 1 at Wellington, and 3 at Christchurch. Thero wore 2 deaths from typhoid fever at Wellington and 1 atDunodin. Tho above, with 1 death from diarrhoea, 1 from malaria, and 2 from puerperal seoticasmia, complete the total. The mortality in June irom constitutional diseases waß heavy, amounting to 49 deaths, against 39 in May and 36 in April. There were no less than 21 deaths from cancer— 3 at Auckland, 7 at Wellington, 6 at Christchurch, and 5 at Dunedin. This much - dreaded disease caused more deaths than any other during June in the four centres and their suburbs. From phthisis thero wero 19 deaths. Tuberculosis, tuberoular momngitis, and tabes mesentcrica oaused 6 deaths, and thore wore 3 from rheumatism. Tho number of deaths (81) from local diseases during June was considerably greator than the number in May (62). There were last month 23 deaths from diseases of tho respiratory organs, 18 from diseases of tho digestive system, 15 from diseases of the nervous system, 14 from diseases of the circulatory system (all heart disease), 8 from diseases of the urinary system, 2 from disease of tho reproductive system, and 1 from disease of the locomotive system. Violent deaths numbered 11 altogether— lo accidental and 1 suicido. A woman of 50 years was killed by fracture of the skull caused by falling downstairs ; another, 83 years, by dislocation of the hip, followed by hemiplegia. An expressman died from fracture of the skull, caused by a fall. Two men were killed by tho explosion of a cylinder, and another died from the effocts of immersion in Auckland Harbour. A woman aged 35 was found drowned. A woman of 70 died from effects of a burn, and a man of 41 years from septic meningitis after an operation to the eye. A girl of 17 died from stoppage of the heart's action, the result of a fall from a bioyole. The suicide was of a woman aged 54, who poisoned herself while temporarily insane.
It is difficult to believe that the case reported from Eltham is really one of variola. That two medical men have prononnoed it to be smallpox gives the matter a serious appearance, however, and we trust that the case will be treated with groat care, and absolute isolation insisted on, so far as is consistent with humanity. We should, howoyer, bo sorry to Bee isolation carried to such an extent as it was in the case of an unfortnnato man of colour who arrived many years ago by ono of tho Panama steamers, and went to Rangitikei. There symptoms of variola developed, and the unfortunate patient was placed in a canoe, which waa moored in the middle of tho Wanganui River, where death quickly put an end to his sufferings. In that case, of course, the source of contagion was plain. How a schoolgirl, at a bush settlement like Eltham, can have contracted the disease, is a mystery. Small-pox does not, we believe, develop spontaneously." Its course is always to bo traced to speoific contagion. The patient attacked must have in some way been brought in contact with some person or thing bearing the germs of tho disease. If tho Eltham case unfortunately proves to be one of true variola, the source of contagion will probably be found to be contact with some imported article of clothing. The most careful enquiry will require to bo made in order to, if possible, ascertain whence the contagion came. It is fortunate that the patient has been vaccinated, if the attack is really small-pox, for then the form of disease will certainly be less virulent than would otherwise be the case. There is unfortunately a very large proportion of the population of this colony unvaccinated. Tho consequences of an outbreak of small-pox would therefore probably bo terrible. Amongst tho natives especially it would, if onco introduced, find a wide field to ravage. The law rendering vaccination compulsory has been too much allowed to fall into disnso Even if the present scare proves unfounded, as we hope will be tho cose, it should remind the Government of the necessity for onforoing tho vacoination law. The immunity from small-pox enjoyed by the Australasian colonies oan scarcely be expected to continue for all time. Sooner or later the fell disease will find a colonial foothold, and the precautionary protection >t>f vaccination should bo universally insisted on, in anticipation of that time arriving. Tho possible approach of this, one of the worst scourges the human race is subject to, rocalls the fact which we have before urged against the Dunedin Medical School, that a colonial medical education cannot aff jrd any praotical acquaintance with this disease. In tho medical schools in large cities, where small-pox alwayß exists more or loss, few, if any, medical students complote thoir course without being brought into practical acquaintance with oases of small-pox. Tho objection has been scoffed at, bnt it may yet turn out a very serioiiß one.
The New Zealand Journal of Commerce, published in Dunedin, in referring to tho recent Bank legislation, of whioh it approves, makes the following extraordinary comment on the Bank of New Zealand Shares Guarantee Act:— '"Nob only will the estab- " lishment of a State Bank bring confidence " in the country, but the Government is now '' placed in poisesgion of ample funds to carry " on with without the necessity of falling " back on the London market for a loan." It would be interesting to know from what foundation this journal draws its conclusions. It appears to think that tbe panic legislation of that memorablo Friday night was merely a dodge on the part of the Government to establish a State Bank by a coup de main while at the same time indulging in a measure of sly borrowing. It is to be hoped that this view does injustice to the Government, but the appearanoo of such statements in a trade journal published fot circulation amongst business men abroad can j soarcely fail to injure the colony. Reports of Parliament, and ot last night's I meeting of ratepayers relative to the Drainago Bill, besides some items of Wairarapa news, will bo found on the fourth page. Amongst the contents of the Supplement to to-morrow's issue will be the following : — A Mother's I'lot, My Ghoat. The Future Czarina, Cold Weather Maxims, Marriage in Russia, Murdoch's Advice to Batsmen, Adventure with a Bushranger, Such is Life, A Duchoss' Tour, Our Warships' Armament, Outwitting an Exciseman, Theatre Construction, " Slating " a Critio, The Jumping Frog, Lady Henry Somerset and the Burglar, What Was in His Head, News in Brief, Tit-Bits, Wit and Humour, Ladies' Column, Puzzle Colnmn, Temperance Column, Letters to the Editor, &o. During the month of June the estates of 26 deoeased persons were placed in charge of the Pnblic Trustee, the values ranging from £1 to .£676. The sitting of the Court of Appeal fixed for to-day had to be further adjourned until to-morrow at 11 o'clock, Mr. jnstice Richmond being too unwell to attend. The funeral of the late Mr. James Condon took place this morning. The body was first taken to St. Mary's Cathedral, where a requiem mass was celebrated, and from there a very large procession proceeded to the Karori Cemetery, where the burial service was conducted by the Rev. Father O'Moata. A painful scene occurred at the grave, whero Mr. Healey, one of deceased's employe's, as barman and manager, fell in a severe fit. It was some time before he could be brought to. He foil very heavily, escaping a concreto wall by only & few inches. Had his head struck this he must have been killed.
Tho New Zealand Trade Review (Wellington) vritc — "It ''<? too early for the importni i ci nge tl 3 has just been effected in the po.^Uou of tho Bank of New Zealand to have had much effect on the local market for money. Wo fully expect that before long it will, as one result, lead to a reduction in colonial rates for deposits on the part of this Bank, and probably the other two institutions which are still giving 5 per cent will then follow suit We should be clad to see the rate brought down to 4 per cent., in uniformity with the rates ruling in Austrai'a. and can sco no good reason why this should not be done. I_ the open market the 6upply is still unequal to the demand, and Building Companies continue to give 5J per cent, for twelve months' deposits. Kates for advances on mortgage of leal estate rule from S£ to 7i per coot., but lenders are very cous^rvative as to character and margin of security." The same journal states that it is ' informed that the Union Bank of Australia and the Bank of Australasia have cea»eJ to give interest on deposits for any period less than six months." At a meeting of the Queen's Drive Committee held yesterday, a resolution was carried. " That instructions be given to the gangers on the works that any man the worse for liqnor when wishing to start work is to be immediately discharged." It was suggested that the police bo requested to give information to the committee if they find any of the men who work on the Queen's Drive intoxicated. This action was found necessary in consequence of reports received complaining of the conduct of some of the men on Saturday last. The overseer of the work reports that the progress made is satisfactory, and that good value is being obtained for the money expended. The whole of the committee will meet at Island Bay on Saturday afternoon, to consider some proposed slight deviation of the road and other matters. Last evening the police found a man named Henry H. Beckett, aged about 55 years, lying on Lambton-quay in an unconscious condition. Upon him were found three bottles of chlorodyne, and as tho symptoms indicated that the man was suffering from the effects of the samo drug, the officers took him to the Hospital, where the usual restoratives were successfully applied. To-day he was stated to be improving. At a meeting of the Sports Committee in connection with the Eight Hours Demonstration, Mr. Pearce (the painters' delegate) was appointed Chairman. A programme comprising 16 events was arranged, subject to the approval of the General Committee. It includes tho Demonstration Handicap, value .£2O cash and a cup valued at .£ls. There is also a Bicycle Handicap, of three heats, for a cup and trophies. Judgment was given in the Magistrate's Court yesterday by Mr. Martin, S.M., in the case or' F. C. Retter v. H. B. Kennorley, heard on Monday. Plaintiff's claim waß for £\8 6s 6d, for shoeing horses. Defendant paid £-i 9a 6d into Court, and also put in a counter-claim for feed and stabling. The Stipendiary Magistrate allowed the counterclaim, and gave judgment for the amount paid into Court The defendant was allowed costs amounting to £4, 6s. Mr. Gcorgo Woodward acknowledges the following further donations of fences for the proposed planting operations on Thorndonquay : — The young ladies of Mrs. T. C. Williams' household, Mr. J. H. Baker, A Friend, aud Mr. D. Nathan, one feuca each ; Government compositors and A Friend, two fences each. The total number of fences promised up to date is 53. To complete the transformation on Arbor Day 47 more are required. In the civil case in whioh Jas. Cheetham, of Whiteman's Valley, sued Hamilton Gilmer yesterday in the Magistrate's Court, for tho recovery of .£35 damages alleged to have beon caused by two dogs belonging to tbe defendant's family, Mr. Martin, S.M., gave judgment for the plaintiff for J3l damages, with costs amounting to J>7 ss. His Worship B-ud the death of only two sheep had been traced to the dogs in question, and he conside; ed that 10s por head was all he could allow. Reginald Blockley, tho remittance man who on tho Gth inst. tried to pass a forgod chequo for i3lO 15s 6d at To.-Aro House, where he had bought some goods, was brought up before Mr. Martin, S.M., this morning. Evidence was given as to the tendering of tho cheque, whioh Bleckley tore up on being charged by the manager of tbo establishment with having forged it. Inspector Pender said thoro was every reason for supposing that another man had handled the cheque before it was presented by the accused, and he askod for ahothor remand. His Worship adjourned the case until 10 o'clock on Monday morning. Tho annual ball of the Star Boating Club was held iv tho Drillshed last night, Lord Glasgow and a party from Government Houso gracing the affair with their presence. The ball was a thorough success, upwards of 300 porßons being present. The decorations were elaborate but tasteful, the club's own paraphernalia being largely utilised for this purpose, set off by flags, evergreens, lanterns, and pot plants. The flour was as near perfection as it was possible to get it, and the tnusio of Minifio's String Band and supper by Mr. J. Godber, did them oredit. The opening set of Lancers was led off by the following : —His Excellency and Mrs. Field, Mr. E. Poarce and Mrs; Stewart, Mr. W. H. Field and Lady Augusta Boylo, Captain Stewart and Miss Pearce, Colonel Fox and Mrs. Dowell, Mr. A. S. Paterson and Mrß. H. _S Bell, Mr. W. T. L. Travers and Mrs. W. R. Russell ; .Mr. A. S. Biss and Mrs. W. T. L. Travera*. Tho Govornor and party wore received on arrival by a guard of honour furnished by tho City Rifles, under Captain Collins. The decorations were carried out by Messrs. W. H. Field (Captain), J. Smith, F. W. Pownall, and R. W. Wallace. The secretarial and other dutios were porforined by Messrs. G. H. Bethune and I>. Tripe, who were assisted by a Committee of the club. The Corporation Inspoctor, Mr. J. Doyle, summoned a general dealer named George Jones in tho Magistrate's Conrt this morning, for permitting an accumulation of rubbish in the back yard of premises recently occupied by him in Dixon-street. Constables Wilson and Ward stated that they visited the place on the 6th instant and found it in a filthy state, littered with rotten bedding, rabbit skins, and vegetable matter. Mr. Doyle said the yard was a small one, only about 60ft by 40ft, and the smell arising from the rubbish'waß very offensive. Defendant said that the wet weather prevented him from getting the yard cleaned np, but it was sweet enough now. The Inspector and police said the rubbish was apparently tho accumulation of weeks. Defendant told the Magistrate that he was a poor man, and he could not pay a fine Mr._ Martin, S.M., replied that he onght to inflict a fine of £5, as from the police account the state of the place would have disgraced a pigstye. As the defendant was a poor man, and would probably go to gaol and leavo the community to support his family if he was fined, he would simply convict him and order him to pay the costs of the proceedings, 7s. Other people who had dirty baok yards must not imagine that they would get off so easily, and if they came before him and were unable to pay fines they would in all probability have to go to gaol. The weekly meeting of the Federated Trades Council was held last evening, Mr. A. Ward, President, occupying the chair. The Minister for Labour wrote thanking the Counoil for the interest it had taken in tho matter of truancy, and stated hiß opinion that it waß the duty of Parliament to see that no child was deprived of education through the meanness or apathy of its parents. The Minister also promised that the question of bringing Chinese shopkeepers under the compulsory olause of the Shops and Shop Assistants Aot would recoive his best consideration. Mr. A. Osborne's motion affirming the prinoiple of the Dirrot Veto was further disonssed, and agroed to. The following resolution was also carried :— " That this Council, having read articles and resolutions in certain papers of the colony condemning the editor of the Labour Journal which is pnblished by the Government, desires to place on record its appreciation of tho articles which are published in that journal, and upholds the editor in placing before the workers tho fullest information with reference to social and labour questions." The chair at^ the meeting of tbe Wellington Debating Society last evening was taken by Mr. A. It. Atkinson. Mr. F. W. Lutler moved that the session should bo closed immediately. The motion was seconded by Mr._ W. G-. Tus tin, and agreed to. It was decided to suggest to the incoming committee that consideration should be given to tbe question of reduoing the subscription. A hearty vote of thanks was passed to Mr. E. Fraser Jones, Hon. Secretary, for his services. In the Magistrate's Court this morning, Mr. Martin, S.M., punished one offender for drunkenness, and fined a man named Thos. Riley 5s for wilfully putting his elbow through a window in the boardinghonse of Thomas Smith, defendant also to pay 6s damages, or go to gaol for three days. Orders whioh wero in existence against Peter and Alexander Johnston, compelling them to contribute towards the support of their children, who are in an Industrial School, wero cancelled, on it being shown that the parents were not iv a position to continue the payments. A similar application by Joseph James was refusf d. The Star of Wellington Lodge, I 0.G.T., celebrated its twenty-first anniversary by a social gathering in the Exchange Buildings last ovening. Bro. Martin presided , and a programme of songs and recitations was submitted, the following taking part: — Misses Watt and Smith, Messrs. Glovor, Naughton, Smith, Hall, and S<;vieri. Several of the items were enoored, and a most enjoyable ovening was spent. The Loyal Orange Institution in Wellington celebrated the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne by holding a tea meeting and concert in Thomas' Hall last evening. Tho banners of Lodges 46 and 14 were on exhibition— one at each end of the hall— while on the right of the stage was a portrait of William of Orange, a painting of the Siege of Derry being on the left. Both pictures wore lent by Bro. James Edwards, P.M. There was a larce attendance, amongst those present being several members of English Lodges who aro connected with vessels in port. Bro. Joyce, M.H R., from Lyttelton, was present for a ehort time. Bro. Meredith, M.H.R., sent an apology for unavoidable absence. The chair was taken by Bro. J. Lindsay, District Master, and he and Bro. the Rev. W. Shirer delivered interesting addresses. A programme of songs, recitations, <tc, was gone through, the contributors being Misses Ethel Billman, Amy Edwards, and Hicks, Mrs. Moore, Bros. James Edwardß, Moore, 6eo. Petheriok, Messrs. Folckmann, D. Billman, and H. Hall. Miss Ethel Billman supplied the pianoforte accompaniments. Messrs. Rowell & Son carried out the catering arrangemonts in a Batisfaotory manner. The entert linmeut was managed by a committee consisting of Bros. J. I indsay (Chairman), M. Thew, J. Harris. W. Smith, P. Steen, B. Clayton, P. W_tt, J. Edwards, and G. Petherick^
Under the headinsr of " Stupid Opposition to Sanitary 1 egislation." the Wanganui Chronicle, in tho course of a long article on Mr. T. K. Macdonald's opposition to tho Wellington City Drainage Empowering Bill, remarks :—"'l hat a city like Wellington should be able to muster a few hundred cranky objectors to icabonable and helpful legislation in tho interests of the health of the people, is perhaps cot to be surprised at. There are non-progressive cranks in every commun'ty, and tho proportion is perhaps not any larger in Wellington than anywhere else, 'i he attitude of the cranks, however, ia less defensible) in the Empire City than in mo*t other places, because the insanitary condition of that city has been the means of saoiificing many lives in tbe past, and of earning for it an unenviable reputation throughout the colony." The half-yearly meeting of the Pacific Lodge of Druids was held last evening in Rioliarda' rooms, Cuba-street. Bro. J. Christie, A.1)., occupied the chair. Tbe balance-sheet for the past half-year, showing most satisfactory results, both financially and numerically, was adopted. The following officers were elected for the ensuing term : —Arch Druid. Bro. R. Fletcher; VioeArch, Bro N. G. Bennie; Sec, Bro. J. N. Grant (9th term); Treas , Bro G. Snaddon (19th term); 1.G., Bro. D. Mitchelson ; O G., Bro. A. Busing; A.D. Bards, Bros. W. PiebereandWarcup; V.A.D Bards, Bros. J. Tremaine and Plouman; Minute Secretary, Bro H. C. Moseley. Votes of thanks were accorded to Bro. C. Stokell, D.P., for the very able manner in which he had installed the new officors, and to the retiring officers and visiting brethren. The second annual exhibition of the Wellington Art Club will be opened by His Excellency the Governor at 2.30 p.m. to-mor-row, in the Art Gallery, Whitmore-street. It will remain open for a week, and a concert will be given every evening. St. Patrick's College will re-open on Monday next. A notice to pupils and intonding pupils appears elsewhere. Our readers are reminded that the first of the People's Popular Concerts will take place at the Princess Theatre, Tory-street, tbis evening. The Rev. Joseph Taylor, M.F.1.M.E., announces two lectures in tho Ballance Hall on Sunday in reply to Sir Walter imller and Mr. W. W. Collins. Owing to tho indisposition of Mr. Bradbury, the Saturday evening lectures in connection with the Forward Movement will be postponed for about a fortnight. Due notice will be given of their reaumption. Our readers are reminded of the "social" which takes place at the Garrison Hall this evening, under tho auspices of the City Rifles. To-morrow evening the public will haro an opportunity of purchasing at theD.I.C. up to halfpast 9. An advertisement elsewhere reminds our readers that every article m the D.I.C. stock is specially reduced during the continuance of the general reduction Bale. This wet weather is telling on the working man's wages, therefore to-morrow aud the following week R. Hannah & Co. offer special cheap lines in boots and shoes, as notified in our Wanted column. Gentlemen wantim* boots, shoes, or slippers are asked to visit Pearce's Boot Arcade, as a special lot of seasonable goods was opened up to-day. Job. E. Liudberg, the Cheap Draper, Cubastreet, announces the continuation of the eignntie sale to-morrow, when all prices will he specially cut down for the day. J. Mauttan, of the Bon Marclie, is cultivating the furniture trade, aud is prepared to supply furniture in small or large quantities ou the time paymunt system. George Winder, ironmonger, bottom of Cubastreet, advertise? hanging lamps at a trreatly reduced rate, and also lamp stoves. He ib landing a variety of American goods—wriugers, birdcages, &c.—which he is anxious to quit at low prices. James Pettje, draper, Cuba-street, calls attention to a special purcha&o of children's pinafores, which will he on view in the windows to-night, together with the balance of millinery, jackets, &c. Frmcis Sidey _ Co. will sell to-morrow, furniture, &c. Townseud & Paul will sell to-morrow, horses, vehicles, _c A. G. Taiue & Co. will sell to-morrow, korses, harness, &c. W. P. Shortt will sell to-morrow, furniture, &c. The daily throng of buyers at To Aro House salo_ of Sydney and Christchurch stocks is simply marvellous. Evory day fresh lots are added to tho bargain list. The prices are so genuinely cheap, and the goods so now and seasonable, that the public feel they can buy freely and save largely on every article at Te Aro House. This week 100 dozen of ladies' black Cashmere hose have been opened out. The usual prico of each pair is 3s 6d. Our sale price for these splendid (roods will be Is lid per pair. We invito comparison, us the value is exceptionally good. Wo have the same goods in girls' sizes, starting at Is 4d per pair, at To Aro House great sale. Nkver beforo have we been able to show such wonderful value in ladies' kid gloves. The " Margeruite," 6-clasp, tans and brown, at 2s lid per pair, and a 4-button kid glove at Is lid, are specially recommended to lady customers as a suitable winter glove, at half the usual price. Only to be had at To Aro Houbo great sale. —Advt. W_ have received another shipment of the celebrated razorine. Eazorino will sharpen the dullott razor. It is simple and easy in application ; can be used with any strop. It is made hard to avoid putting too mnoh on at a time, as only tho smallest quantity is necessary. A cake will last two years. It dods not harm the razor. If tho edge of the razor is blunt, this will havo to be repeated several fumes; bnt if only dull, once overy four or six weeks will be sufficient. Sold at Is por cake. Wholosale agents. Wilkins and Field, Manners-street. —Advt. llouoh on the Pigs. —In Canterbury, which is pre-eminently the bacon province of New Zealand, the curing season is now in full swing, and the pigs are having a very rough time of it. Every week Wardell Bros. & Co. receive large consignments of their own Canterbury enre, and the hams and bacon they have now on Bale leavo nothing to be desired in the way of quality. As their buyers select nothing but guaranteed grainfed pigs, consumers can rely on getting a first-class article. Hama, 9d ; bacon, per side, 7Ad. Willis-street, Wellington —Advt.
Births. Deaths. Auckland . G9 40 128 Wellington . 80 25 071 Chriatchurch . 31 20 VH Ducodin ... 52 31 1 30 Thames . 13 3 064 New Plymouth .. 7 4 112 Napier 18 8 o'BB Wanganui ... - 8 2 037 PalmerstonN. ... 30 9 157 Blenheim 12 — — Nelson .. .. 16 6 089 Greymouth ... 5 -1 I*o6 Hokitika 4 4 1-89 Lyttelton .. 17 7 1-74 Timaru 5 6 1-78 Oamaru .. . . 9 2 0*36 Invercargill .. 13 8 143 With regard to the four cities, the figures are also givon including their suburbs, as follows :— Births. Deaths. po P t r ? n Auckland and 5 suburban boroughs 99 51 I*2o Wellington with 3 suburban boroughs 93 28 073 Chnatchurch with -I boroughs and other suburbs .. .69 43 l - 08 Punedin with 8 suburban borooghd . 102 53 109 The total births in the four cities and
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