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THE DIVISIONS OF NEW ZEALAND.

In anothor column we publish a letter from Mr. J. Liddle assorting that Now Zealand in his young days was reproßented as consisting of two islands, North and South, and protesting against the uso ot tho term Middle Island as a modern innovation. Wo, of course, cannot pretend to chronologically fix tho period of o»r correspondent's "young days," but certainly for considerably ovor half a contury Now Zealand has always boon officially doßcribod as consisting of thrco islands. The charter or letters patent constituting tho Colony of New Zealand was

signed by Her Majesty on tho lGlh Novembor, 1840, and promulgated in the colony on tho 3rd of Mny, 1841. Thin document delined Hioi'olouv as roiisi tin" ot ' the itmim dtl-),il|l- l\,i,ir liijM'.tl'Tl ,'l'k''.' ''tMllln '."I tfdt w J''m .i i null l-inni'i" md Jhddi'f' "'uu j.i.d ii'Mi "ra-t l')"tTitr !<.-, 'ai'ddM-loioil lim tlio threi' principal island- In reiofore known oh ilio Northern, Middle, and Strnvart'o Island, should honcoforlh "bo designated mid lcnown respectively as New Ulster, New Minister, and Now LeniHter." In 1810 a new charter divided the oidony "'to two provinces, New Ulster ond New Munslor, Htowai-t'a It-land, or Now LuiiiHtor, boiiiß: included in tiio former, but tho division between tho two provinces was not insular. Instead of Cook Strait boinff the boundary, Now Ulster was declared to comprißO the wholo of the North Talnud,oxoopt such partH adj-ioent to Cook Strait as tho Govornor-in-Chiof miplit nxuludo, tho parts exuepted, with tho Middle and Southern Islands, to form New Munstor. Practically that portion afterwards known as the Province of Wolling-ton was included in Now Munstor, of which liiout.-Col. Kyro was appoinlud Lieutonant-Uoyoinor. This arrai tjenient continued until tho original six provinces undor tho Constitution Act, 1852, woro constituted. Prior to this wo find fir George Grey reporting to Ear} Grey in 1851 regarding tho condition of affairs in " tho Middle Ibland." This torm has continued in Ronoral uso over since, so ttat tho uso of it is not, as Mr. Liddle sugfjeKts, a modern innovation. As to Stowart's Island, Mr. Liddlo scarcely docs it justice in eo-iparinK it to Kapiti. It contains an arou of 1000 Bqnaro miles, or one hundredth part of tho ontiro colony.^ It also has two excellent harbours. It will be scon that it ceasod to bo officially designated as New Lcinster in 1846, while tho names of New Ulster and New Mnnster, which from 1810 had coased to roproaonfc insular divisions, disappeared altogether from official New '/oaland geography in 1852, when tho Constitution Act wa3 passod.

Volunteor items, Rifle Club records, a budget of lottcrs to tho Editor, and an article mado up of condoneed correspondence, appear on tho fourth page. The Minister for Publio Works went over to Nelson by tho Hinomoa last evening, and expects to return by tho Penguin to-night. Ho has been fooljnpr tho strain of tho Departmental work wbioh awaited his return from tho North, and took advantage* of tho Hinemoa's trip ovor to secure a sea voyago and look into matters in his various departments in Nelson. His Excolloncy Lord Hopotonn is to leave for Napier by tho Manawatu train on Saturday morning, and to remain in Hawkes Bay until Monday, when tho party will leavo for Tarawora, arriving at Taupo on Tuesday and spending Wednosday at Wairakei. Tho party, aftor sponding a litt'.o timo at tho Lakes, go on to Auckland, romaining there until the 18th March, when they will leave for Sydnoy in tho Warrimoo. Lord Hopotoun has_ to-day arranged to make anothor exploring tour through the interior of Australia, and ho will therefore leave Lady Ilopoloun, Lord Nortbosk, Mr. Ralston, and party at Sydney, to proceed to He!bomno, whilo ho himself will go to Bourko, New South Wales, and from there rido through tho interior to Walhalla, in Queonsluid. tho party aftorwards ro-uniting at Brisbane. Thoro is to be a private official reception to Hia Excellency at Government Houso to-morrow evening. Licutenant-Colonol Fox loft for his tour of inspection down the West Coast to-day. A break occurred in tho wator main on the Hutt road yeatorday aftornoon, and the Wainui supply was cut off for several hours. Tho Bankruptcy Court will sit on Tluitbday noxt. Tho following cases will bo dealt with : — Applications for discharpo — J oseph Aston, builder ; James Shewbridgo, bricklayer ; Thomas L. F. Ward, commission agont ; John M'lntosh, jun., publican ; W. F. Johnson, labourer; Marshall Bros., butchers. Applications for leavo to sell books in the following, estates — Waltor Brown, engineor; Arthur W. Brown, commission agent ; Greeks and Co , baker* ; Tlntson an-1 Co., contractors ; 7'homas X Macdonald, auctioneer ; Fiances Townsend, publican ; Arthur Everitt, butcher. "A Subscriber" write 3as follows: — Now that the new Librarian has been appointed for tho Public Library I would liko to know when tho Reading Room is to bo opened. A great many have been inconvenienced sinco tho closing of tho Athenaeum by boing unable to peruse the various New Zealand journals. It is Connoillor Anderson's intontion to move as follows at the meeting of the City Council on Thursday ovening :: — '* That, if practicable, steps be constructed at tho ond of Wesley-road, in order to mako a nearer approach to tho Terrace School than by way of Aurora-torraco." Nineteen prisoners wero sent over to Nelson by the Hinemoa yesterday evening to make up tho gang of 20 on tho Rocks road. Poveral prisoners aro to bo brought back, as their sentences havo oxpired, and they h.xvo to bo released in Wellington. We are sorry to hoar that Mr. G. W. Chandler, licenseo of tho Provincial Hotol-, Molesworth-street, sustained somo severe injuries a-few nights ago. When tho fire broke out at Berhamporo on Monday night of last wcok, ho ran to tho firobell in Hillstreet and rang out an alarm, immediately aftor which ho slipped off the stage and fell heavily to tho ground. He was picked up in an unconscious state, and it was found that his back was seriously hurt. Ho has baen confined to his bed ever sinco, and Dr. Rawsou has been in close attondauce npon him. A loaded revolver, with the hammer up, was one of the exhibits in the shooting case whioh was heard at tho Magistrate's Court to-day. Ono of tho witnesses who was asked to identify the weapon handled it so careloasly that Mr. Graham, R. M.. hastily told him to recollect that it was loaded, and added. "' Kindly keep tbe nvizzlo in the air, and not in my direction." His Worship suggested that the loaded cartridgo should be withdrawn, but Inspector Ponder said that " something might tnrn on the fact of tho revolver being loaded," and so tho weapon was handed back to the police for production in the Supreme Court just as it wns. A narrow escape from a serious accident was experienced this morning by a party of Johnsonville residents, consisting of Mr. J. Rod, his wife, his sister, and two boys. When they wore driving past tho railway station at Johnsonvillo the engine was started almost under tho nose of tho horso attached to their trap, and the animal mado off. One wheel went up the bank of tho road, and tho trap capsized, all the occupants being 1 thrown out with a jerk. Mrs. Rod, Miss Rod, and one of the boys, were considerably bruised, but the vehicle was not damaged. Court Sir William Jorvois, A.O.F , hold its fortnightly mofiting in tho Newtown School last night, C.R. Bro. T. G. Kershaw presiding. Two guineas was voted towards the Queensland Relief Fund, and tho Secretary was requested to remit tho amount to vthe District Secretary of Queensland. The Seorotary reported that all arrangements were completed for the_ Court anniveisary celebration to-morrow night. One candidate was initiated, and two wero proposed. Mr. Henry J. Rodgcrs, who has been in the employ of Mr. James Smith, To Aro Houeo, for the past 14 years, for the greater part of which time he has been manager of the carpet dopartment, has severed his connection with the establishment in order to enter into business on his own account. A iter the premises were closed to the public on Saturday night his fellow employes mot him and showed their regard by presenting him with a stationery cabinet, an aneroid barometer, and a silver-mounted walkingstick. Mr. J. B. Taylor, in handing him tho articles, expressed the regret of the donor 3 that ho was leaving, and wished him every success in his new sphere. Mr. Rodgers having replied iv appropriate terms, the party adjourned to tho Masonic Hotel, whero his health was toasted. The first annual meoting of tho New Zealand Rugby Football Union will bo hold hero on 22nd April next, when important business ia to bo transacted. The various affiliated Unions have boon requested to oonsidor at their annual meetings, before this meeting takes place, the question of the best means of selecting the New Zealand Union team for Australia, in order thai; it may be made thoroughly representative. The complete publication — embodying tho rules of football, by-laws of tho Now Zealand Union, report, officers of the Now Zealand Union and (ifliliated Unions — which is to bo is3uod, will be ready immediately after the annual meeting, but advance copies of tho new rules of football will be available for distribution early 111 March. Court Robin Hood, A.0.F., held its fortnightly meeting at tho Foresters' Hall, Tory-street, last night, Bro. G. Law, C.R. , presiding. A letter, with a copy of tho rules, was rocoived from tho Amalgamated Friendly Societies' Association as to tho interchange of medical benefits, and it was resolved that the Court join tho Association Tho sum of £5 was voted from the funds to be forwarded to tho District Secretary at Brisbane for tho benefit of Foresters who suffered by tho recent floods in that district. The delegates to tho recent Friendly Societies' Demonstration reported the result of the undertaking, but as no balance-sheet hail been recoived iho matter was not discussed. One candidate was proposed for membership. Tho annual picnic of the employe's of the Wellington Gas Company was hold yesterday at M'Nab's Garddns,' Lower Hutt. Tho paity, which comprised about IGO all told, wero conveyed to tho gardens in half a dozen of Lano's brakes, and thoy enjoyed a most pleasant day. Mr. H. P. Higginson, manager of tho company, and his lamily, were present. Sports of all kinds helped to pass away the time, and an aninlo supply of refreshments was provided by* Mr. J. Godber, of Cuba-street. On tho journey homo tho party wore caught in tho southerly rain storm, which mado a rather unpleasant termination to the day's proceedings. Tho following aro tho rosults of tho sport 3 events •. — Giris' race, over 12 — M. Korshaw, 1 ; J. Cook, 2 ; C. Stunnoll, 3. Boys' race, undor 12— G. Fear, 1 ; J. Fear, 2; J. Mann, 3. Skipping contest, over 12— M. Kershaw, 1 ; L. Green, 2 ; A. Birch, 3. Boys' race, over 12— J. Harold, 1 ; H. Green, 2 ; G. Day, 3. Married women's race— Mrs. Parkor, 1 : Mrs. Goudio, 2 ; Mrs. M'Williams, 3. Girla' race, under 12— L. Whe:*r, 1 ; L. Green, 2 ; A. Hrcb, 3. Girls' skipping contest, undor 12— L. Whear, 1 ; L. Knight, 2 ; M. Harold, 3 Boys' threo-leggod race— ll. Green and J. Harold, 1 ; J. Mann and J. Kershaw, 2. Boys' race, under 9— W. Fear, 1 ; H. Kershaw, 2; P. Yates, 3. Girls' raco, undor t» — F. Yates, 1 ; L. Stnnnoll, 2 ; L. Green, 3. Young womon's raco— M. Hoighton, 1 ; Miss Groen, 2; M. Birch, 3. Gasworks Handicap, 120yds— J. Gamble, 1 ; — Hook, 2; G. Fear, 3. The arrangomonts wero admirably carried out by a conimittoo consisting of Messrs. Hoighton, Wise, Helliwoll, Birch, Thirkell, and J. Kershaw (socretary). Tho Carlton Football Club will hold its annual meeting at the Army and Navy Hotol to-morrow evening.

Overheard at tho Art Exhibition yesterday.—Small paity gazing intently at representation of lady in pink First oonn<>i«.»pnr, with Mup'rii'i mi "Wlnt v. poi-l';, ! ••• „,' pvtnvc !!,(,,! i'vl t'l'-fp lii^ • ' ' -"ilhinv'iii" 1 , ¦' nbbish, i^.n' cJ" j uuv ' iS«'fii>t t <->ii!j<"< ¦"• 'if who 111 1 earfliiiij* f.n r\ numl.i 1 in li-j I'dt.ilofniu, Y.iii-t-' hi";i suddenly (having lound tho numbei ), '• Why that's l>y , the lOnglihh tutibt; been co Hindi talk about don'-chor-ki.ow— hi* bent piot'iro!" Fi'-s.t C. (mirprisodly), "Dear 1110, you don't nay so; wo niu-;t be too clone." I'arty rctiro 11 tow paooa, when First C. cays, " Yes, by jove, vewy fino picture ; know it wasn't this common colonial work diroctly I saw it, don'-clter-know." Party move on to discuss next pioturo, but First C. takes caro to buy a cataloguo. An inquest on tho body of James Loounrd, engineer, who expired suddenly in tho Victoria Hotol, Abel Smith-direct, on Sunday, was held in tho Morguo yoHtorday afternoon boforoMr 11. W. Robinuon, District Coroner, and a jury, of which Mr. 1). A. Auld was chosen foioinuu. Benjamin Oxner, liooiiKco of tho Victoria Holol, gave evidence to tho efl'ocl that tho deceased wont to tho hotel at 10.IW o'clock on .Sunday morning, and abked for somo whisky, which witness refused to give him, bocauso ho appeared to bo suffering from tho effects of liquor, and also because it was Sunday. Ho helped tho man into the commercial - room, and left him sitting in a chiiir. At 12 30 ho looked in, aud gnw tho man apparently asleep, and about 3 o'clock wont iv again, und found him lying on tho floor. L>r. Muokin was called in, and found that tho deccinod was dead. l)r. Mackin deposed that whon ho was called in the man wus dead. Ho had inado a. pot' mor/ern examination of the body, and found tho brain and liver congobled, and tho kidnoys very much congoHled. Tlioro was no Ir'aco of organic diseuso, and death was evidently duo to alcoholic poisoning. Had a doctor been called in when the man first complained of fooling unwell his life might havo been saved. Angus M'Grogor, who was lodging in tho hotel on Sunday, William Jacobs, acting barman for Mr. O.\ncr, Coustablo Gray, and tbo widow of tho deceased, woro also oxaminod. Mrs. Leonard stated that hor husband left homo on Sunday morning thoroughly sobor, and in bettor spirits than be had been for sometime previously. Ho was 30 years of age, and givon to drink. Tho Coronor commented on tho fact that tho man had boon ablo at somo hotol or hotels in tho city to get liquor on tho Sunday, and tho Foroman said thero wore plenty of placos whore drink could be got during closed hours. Tho jury brought in a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence, aud added a rider that there was no ovideneo to show how, when, or where, tho alcohol was administered. Two schemes for the establishment of publio baths woro before the Public Works Committee of tho City Council last evening. Mr. 11. T. Jameson appeared in support of an application that ho should bo granted tho lease of sections 2-1 and 25, block 3, To Aro Reclaimed Land, at a peppercorn rental, as a fiito lor baths, and it was decided to defer consideration until noxt meeting. Mr. A. S. Paterson, solicitor, applied' to be allowod to lease sections 1 , 2, and 3of block 4, declaimed Land, fronting Victoria-street, at tho upset prico (22a Cd per foot per annum) for tho purposes of tho Wellington liaths Company, and tho committee resolved to recommend that tho application should be granted. A mooting of the Publio Works Committeo of tho City Council was held last fcvoning. Amongst tho recommendations agroed upon were tho following :— That the request for a drain to bo laid in Clifton-ter-raeo bo complied with, if tho applicants will pay half .the cost of the work ; that tho loaso of the sections of land on the south sido of Victoria-atieot, from Taranaki-streot oast, bo put up for public tender ; that further consideration of tho request for the formation of Angus -avenuo bo reforrcd to tho Private Streets Committee; that tho road at the northern boundary of the city, adjoining the Onslow Borough, be put in a state of repair, in accordance with tho report of tho City Surveyor ; that tenders bo invited for tho annual supplies of goods for general and waterworks purposos; that the seal of tbo Corporation bo affixed to agreement and leaso re removal of weighbridge to Jorvois-quay, also to tho warrant for tlio City Solicitor to represent tho Corporation in tho case of Macarthy v. tho Corporation, re tho culvert through Mr. Macirtby's property at tho rear of Mannorsstreot; that action be taken to causo the removal of buildings damaged by fire on Larabton-quay on tho lGth inst. ; that tho use ofNewtown Park bo granted to tho Hibernian Society on St. Patrick's Day, on tho usual conditions, and that in accordance with the U3ual custom the citizens Lo asked to observe that day as a general holiday. That consent be granted to the extension in a direct lino 51 links northwards of the right-of-way gran tod 20th September, 1880, to Mr. H. Crump and Mr. C. W. Benbow at Town Aero 719 and 720, Tasman-stroot. Wo have to record tho death of Mateno Tauwharo at his residence at Petono at 10 o'clock last night. He was a nephew of Wharipouri and To Puni, the two great chiefs who made friends with tho Europeans when the latter landed in Port Nicholson. Matone, who was also a cousin to Te Whiti, of Parihaka, died at tho age of 85, and leaves two sons and a dauehter and many grandchildren. He will be bnried at Petono on Sunday. Wo nolico that two erstwhile Wellington residents havo boon elected captain and deputy-captain of tho Palmerston Football Club, in tho persons of Mr. Hugh Speed and s'r. Kenneth Duncan. Messrs. L. Storoy, W. Eandoll, Gordon Eliott, F. Fail-brother, and H. W. Haybittlo, former residents of tho city, aro mombors of the club's committee for tho present season. Mr. Speed received tho medal sot aside for the best xilayer in the first fifteen last season. Thero was a good attendance at tho Star Boating_ Club' s skids last o vonin<? , the attraction being a privato match between two well-known scullers, M' ssrs. A. W. Burnes and G. Knight. Both contestants had undergone careful preparation, and turned out in tho pink of condition, though it was noticed that Burnes was rather fine. He was, nevertheless tho favourite, and the result justified tho expectation of his supportors. Knight got somowbat the bfist of the start, and for tho first couple of hundred yards there was a fierce Btrn<jglo, but finally experience triumphed, and Burnos got level and a slight lead. lli<jht on till near the finish the boats remainod together, when Burnes, putting in a rapid and powerful stroke, forged slowly ahead, and finally (Knight having stopped) drew right away. Tho victor was loudly cheered on roaohing tho shed. Entries for the roturn match with Thorndon will bo received by the Wellington Bowling Club up to 5 p.m. t>morrow, and for the Easter tournament up to 5 p.m. on Saturday. A ballot will be taken for the six rinks required for tho match with Thorndon. Steps aro being taken to form a swimming club in Wollinffton. Mr. Lawtoa, who founded one of tho most flourishing clubs in Sydney, has obtained employment in Wellington, and will take part in tho working of the club which is to be established here. Tho Loyal Eose of the Valley Lodge, T.0.0.F., Lower Hutt, has decided to re build its hall, which was recently destroyed by fire. The cost of the new building, however, is to bo limited to i! 350. Plans and specifications are to bo submitted at a meeting to be held on Thursday evening, and if approved tenders will bo at onco called for tho work. A fashionable wedding was celebrated in the Takapuna Church on Wednesday last, the bride being Miss Amy Brett, second daughter of Mr. Honry Brott, proprietor of tho Auckland Star, and tho bridegroom Mr. Woolcotfc Wood, of Christchurch The service was a fully choral one, and was conducted by the Key. S. Davis, assisted by tho Itey. C. M. Nelson. The brido was attired in a whito corded silk dress trimmed with figured velvet, with a Watteau"back and train, and was accompanied by three bridesmaids, Misses Ada and Emily Brott, and Miss Tina Porter, all of whom woro white Liberty silk drosses and Leghorn hats. Tho groomsmen wero Mossrs. William Wood, Henry Wood, and Potor Cunningham, junr. The happy couplo aro sponding their honeymoon in tho Waikato. Miss Marion Mitchell is tho pritna donna of Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company, which opened its New Zealand tour in Auckland last night. Miss Mitchell joined the Juvenile Opera Company on itR last visit to Wellington, since which timo sho has gained laurels in Australia as a vocalist and actress. Tho company's repertory on tho present tour includes :—": — " Aladdin up to Date," "Mascottc," "Tho Mikado," "Pirates of Penzance," "Patience," "Little Duko," " Fatinitza," and "Clover." A oorrospondont telegraphs from Auckland that the company had a crowdod house at tho opening performance of '" Aladdin," and that Miss Mitchell established horsolf as a great favourite. Mis 3 Leaf, a well known New Zealand singer, tho original representative of Josephine (" H.M.S. Pinafnro ") in this colony, and afterwards Mrs. W. H. JJcid, is now marriod to Mi*. Edwa r ds, the leading tonor of the Carl Rosa Provincial Company, but does not appear on tho stage. Tho wot weather was doubtless to a largo extent responsible for tho small attendance at the ontertainmont given in tho Opera Houso last night by the lioyal Acrobatic and Variety Troupo, m aid of tho Queensland Relief Fund. Jupp's Privato Band performed at tho beginning, and several selections were played by Minifies String Band. A feature of tho entertainment was tho prestidigitation display by Professor E. Lazern, who executed n number of tricks in a wonderfully "skilful manner. The acrobatic foats of Mossr.s Len. Hancox, W. Dean, B. Gamble, E. Read, C. Pcarce, W. Duff, T. Spencor, and Master Austin South, were very clover, in fact, quite as good as thoso of many professional artists. Song 3 were given by Messrs R. P. Johnson, Fred. Thornhill, Charles Collycr, Robt. Allison, E. Read, and J. Hondorson, whilo Mossr.s Keonan and Paul contributed a double song and dance. The performance concluded with tho latest London topical success, "Tho Soldier," by Mr. Fred. Thonihill and company. Tho arrangements wero carried out by a oommittee consisting of Messrs. W. A. Pearm&u, N. Moore, and G. Hill. In dofcronco to a pressing invitation from many of her Wellington friends, Madam Bahnson, tho giftei soprano, has decided to givo a concort at tho Theatro Royal on Saturday next, when she will be assisted by several of tho leading professional musicians. Tho annual meeting of tho Potono Football Club is to be hold at tho Chronicle office, Petone, to-morrow evening. Members of tho Wellington Shakespoaro Club aro notified that the third quarter bogins on the Gth March, and that a committee meeting will be held on Thursday, 2nd March. Wo romind our readers of the tea meeting and scholars' concort at Trinity SundaySchool, Nowtown, to-night. Mr. C. W. Benbow will tako tho chair, and a few short speeches Trill be raad« by visiting ministers.

Tho attention of members of St. Peters' Working Party is diroctod to an advertisement in f'Tiotlier column. 'A If. ' 111 1 Lii'j 1 t > ,ri tt'.v 1 uic'liK-ir j'. '¦Hl', lj , ,V1,,. , tj.cll .I>,.<ii,'T i.f l-M "'I • » lliu « X .! j. .!.¦- v ilif -.1 i -A „' J.-t, 1 „ ¦¦i.i '1 ii 1., iii> fid ii.mi ,1 filjL'.ijmtj, 1 c-illi'M .'oiiIS. 11. Little & (Ju. hive tukeu ucv buck pitnnscs iv Old Ciihroinhou'e-stroet, <>ir Williaatieet, whore they will iv future conduct nil fiuit aud produce Hiles. Fraueis Hidey k Co. v/iH sell to-morrow, at hulf-past a o'clock, valuable city properties. Oeowo Tlioman & Co. will soil to-morrow, at Petone, bout-eliold furniture and effects. Laery & Co. will sell to-morrow, unretloemed pledgca. Freomnn B. Jackson & Co. will sell to-moriow at JoUuaoiwillo, stock. Churchward & Co, will sell to-morrow, fruit, Ac \ Noble C'tuiiijbell & Co will sell to-moriow, fruit, lie.

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Bibliographic details

THE DIVISIONS OF NEW ZEALAND., Evening Post, Volume XLV, Issue 49, 28 February 1893

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THE DIVISIONS OF NEW ZEALAND. Evening Post, Volume XLV, Issue 49, 28 February 1893

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