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The Evening Post. SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1869., Evening Post, Volume V, Issue 116, 26 June 1869
The Evening Post. SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1869.
Ifc is to be regretted that the abrupt termination of the debate on Thursday prevented Mr. Fox from criticizing the speeches of Mr. Richmond and Colonel Haultain as fully as lie did those of Mr. Stafford, Mr. Hall, and Mr. Curtis. The attempts of the first named gentlemen to make the worse appear the better reason, would have been easily grappled with, and ihe dttitigeiiuoustiess of their Ministerial defence have been easily exposed. Aa Mr, Fox had not the opportunity of doing it, we shall ourselves call attention to one or two points on which the bold assertions of the members of the Government referred to, appear to us particularly open to reply. Of all the indiscreet utterances of the Government none struck us as being more injudiciousj udicious than the assertion in the Go veruor's speech, that " the difficulties encountered by our troops had no parallel in the history of this country ; that no troops could have displayed a more gallant spirit ; no officers could have conducted campaigns with more enterprise, skill and prudence." This pompous and boastful language was quite sure to be felt as a challenge by those who believed that the military operations under Colone] Whiimore had been almost barren of result ; aud ifc naturally led to a comparison between hia operations and those of General Chute in 1866. Mr. Fox, in his opening, speech, denied the accuracy of the Government's statement, and complained that they did gross injustice to General Chute by the manner in which they paraded Whitmore as the hero of all the New Zealand wars. Mr. Stafford and Mr. .Richmond both took issue with Mr. Fax on the paint, and, reasserting the sentiments expressed in the Governor's speech, they disparaged General Chute's campaign as an operation of little or no importance. We have taken the trouble to refer to the offic'al despatches of the period, aud ilie folio .v ing is a summary of General Chute's operations. It will be seen at a glance whether the Government assertions are borne
out by a comparison of them with Colonel Whitmore's belauded campaign :—: — General Chute's force appears to have consisted <si 101 <Jtteen's troops, increased for a time to 300 ; native allies 200, increased for a time to 286 ; forest rangers 45 ; total, at highest, 631. Colonel Whitmore's force on the West Coast in December appears to have been GO4 constabulary (not including oiScers), and any number, up to say 400, natives whom he might choose to ask for, but certainly 200 actually employed from time to time ; total, SOO to 1000. General Chute may be said to have commenced his work on the 30th December, and to have finished it on the 9th of February ; but the period of active operations was really less. During that time he took the following eight fortified pas :— -Okutuku, Putahi, Otapawa, Kitinifci, Pukiti, Ketemarae, Waikiko, and Meremere — three or four of the eight after severe engagements and long fighting. Besides these fortified pas his flying columns destroyed 24 villages recorded, aud several more not specially named. He also led about half his force through tho trackless bush behind Mount Egmont to Taranaki, and b.iclc to Patea, never before penetrated by British troops. The weather was execrable, and what the track was may be estimated, by one day's operations, when in six miles they crossed 21 gullies and three rivers, and waded all the day knee-tlecp in mud. Altogether they crossed more thau 100 gu! lie?, in many of which they bridged the creeks, and they made many miles of road aud clearings, to which operations Major Whitmore admits he was greatly indebted when he lately followed the same route. The force was reduced to eating horses, but went through with pluck and spirit, and on the eighth day they emerged from the bush near Taranaki, safe and sound. During the whole campaign only four officers were wounded, nine men killed and 25 wounded, while the rebel loss waa probably over lUD, aud the whole population was utterly driven pell mell out of the district. Tiien, certainly, when we compare Major Whi traoj'e's op^ratioiid with, tkeae, tliere is very little reason to speak of them in such bombastic terms, or to disparage the deeds of Gen. Chute. The only two attacks on fortified pas, during &ix months, by Col. Whitmore, were, if we recollect rightly, at Moturua, where he was repulsed with loss : and at l\gat:<pa, where he really reajjed the fruits of the previous operations of Ropata and the Ngatiporous, who would, most probably, have linished the work better if he had not interfered. Taumnga Ika fell into his hands without fighting, and lucky it was that ib did, for, had tho natives stuck to i J , a fearful loss of life on our side must have resulted if Whitmore had attempted to carry ifc on the plan heius pursuing. Then, on the other side of tho account, wo must put tlie abandonment and devastation of large tract 3of cultivated country, the frightful massacres at Poverty Bay, White Cliffa, and Mohaka, and the utter failure of the costly operations i.i tho Uriwera country. For this last, however, we do not hold Colonel Whitmore responsible. They were forced upon him, against his most strenuous remonstrances By an amateur Defence Minister pro tern, Mr. Richmond. Our space prevents our following the snbjeci/ further ; but any man who can strike a balance can easily judge for himself what amount of truth there w,i3 in the Government boast in his Excellency's speech, and how far the late operations justify the character bestowed upon them.
Up to a late hour fclm afternoon we learn authentically that Mr. Fox had succeeded in partly forming his new Ministry, and notwithstanding there is more or less diflicillty in satisfying some individual supporters, yet theie is very little difficulty in making arrangements to the satisfaction of the great bulk of them. Until the Ministry is formed not only as regards the members composing ifc, but the apportioning them to their respective offices, the publication of isolated names would only perhaps retard the early successful result of Mr. Fox's efforts. Numerous fancy lists, comprising several unlikely if not impossible combinstions, are afloat, and although of course the names of one oi two of the real men cannot help appearing in almost all of them, still we put our readers on their guard against believing any list whatever, for as yet none is determined on. A meeting of those gentlemen who voted with the late Ministry was held yesterday afternoon. It was resolved, we hear, to organize a fii'm, united Opposition, not to act factiously, but to watch the action taken by the iipw Ministry, A committee of G was appointed, consisting, we understand, of the most dubious members of the association, svho will thus be more immediately under their leader's eye, and be less able to take an opportunity of seceding.
Colonel Whitmore spoke at some length in the Legislative Council yesterday, defending himself from the charges brought against lviu\, He denied emphatically the accusation of having been a touter for the Ministry, ¦which, ho said, could only have emanated from an ungenerous mind, though there was nothing inconsistent with his position in his occupying the time he was on leave in political matters, iuid isistiuwcd tke wvstt of Sir De Lacy iivans a-, being similar to his own. In reference to Colonel M 'Donnell he used some very strong cxpiessions, and ignored the idea of his (the
speaker's) ever consenting to serve under that officer, he (the speaker) having held a com- • mission in the Imperial army, and served at the Cape, whik M 'Donnell was simply a colonial officer. He had merely, out of a spirit of generosity, consented^to join the field force at Patea, to assist M 'Donnell out of his difficulties. Mr. Tetley, of Kekarangua, whose abrupt departure from the Colony some time ago was the subject of poignant regret to his creditors, and whose whereabouts has since remained unknown, has contrived, from his abiding place, to forward his resignation of hi 3 seat in the Legislative Council, which was at once accepted. In the House of Representatives yesterday, Mr. Craeroft Wilson brought up the report | of the Public Petitions Committee on the I petition of Mr. Smyfchies, to be exempted from the penalties of the Law Practitioner's Act, and to be refunded the sum of £.500 which he had been lined, the petitions from Auckland aud Otago in his favor, and those .iLjahisl, him from members of the bar in Otago and Southland. The Committee did not recommend the House to take any action in the matter. Among the Parliamentary Papers recently iaiil on the fcable of the rlouae nro the three essays on the best means of securing the permanent settlement of the gold-mining population, for which }Ji'izes were awarded a short time ago. These essays are remarkably well written, and take comprehensive though different views of the subject. We shall on a future occasion briefly notice them in detail. Private information has been received at Adelaide by the mail, that both the AngloAustralian telegraph companies formed in England, propose taking the cable to the west coast of Ausoralia. We have mentioned a rille match, fired between 20 men of two companies of Wellington Volunteers and an equal number of two Wairarapa companies. The Artillery made 37S points, and the No. 1 Rifles 367, amounting together to 745 points ; the Wair.irapa men made 735. Consequently Wellington has beaten by 10. Mr. Howarth, the newly elected representative of the Taieri (Otago) district in the General Assembly, expressed the following views in his address to his constituents : — I am entirely opposed to the policy of the present Governmen. This policy, as recently announced, consists in vigorously prosecuting the Maori war, and raising money for this purpose l>y nieins of a loan and further taxation. Alreidy, three-aud-a-lialt millions, or h'llf the debt of ilia Colony, has been expended in. 3U2>pressing the rebellion, and we are as far off peace as ever. 1 shall, therefore, if elected, oppose any further loan or taxation for war purposes ; and I fully believe, if the provinces in the North Island are left to their own resources, and allowed to take the matter into their own hands, they will soon tind a way to settle the native question ; and if they cannot succeed, and are compelled to abandon their property for a time, 1 propose that the Middle Island should olFer them, if they dusire it, a home and employment, whereby their time and labor would be utilised, an I our money expended in reproductive works. 1 have carefully considered the question of separation, and am satisfied it is our only safeguard against the aggression of the North Island upon our resources. A federation botween the islan Is may evist with advantage to both, but there should be no common purse. I should be prepared to make a groat sacrifice to effect this object, if it can be accomplished at the present time. Comparing New Zealand with the neighboring colonies of Victoria and New South Wales, I find the indebtedness is as follows : —Fur every alult, NewZealand, £-12 ; Victoria, -£20 ; New South Wales, .€ls ; and when it is borne in mind that the loans of Victoria and New .South Wales have all been expended in reproductive works, while one half of the New Zea* land loans have been sunk in war, it is manifest that we cannot bear any further taxation, and should the present Government succeed in their policy we may expect to see every industry paralysed, and disaster and ruin brought upon the whole Colony. 1 shall object to any innovation of our provincial institutions, if attempted by the Stafford or any other Ministry. The Provincial Governments have done good service to the country, and they still are the best form of Government we can have for the present. When our Municipalities and District Road Boards obtain greater efficiency, doubtless some modification will be necessary ; but, whenever that may be, let the proposed change emanate from the Provincial Council. The "large capitalist" alluded to in the [ following paragraph, taken from a Melbourne \ paper, is Mr. Hugh Glass : — Some few days ago it was stated that one of our large capitalists and land magnates was iv pecuniary difficulties. Later it was rumoured that the embarrassment was of but a temporary nature, and that the matter had been satisfactorily settled. This may have been the cast-) but since then other claims have been maile against him, which it is stated he is unable to settle. One legal firm, acting it is presumed for a corporate body, have obtained judgment against this gentleman to the unounn of £00,000. Other judgments, it is •i'dil, have been also consented to in the sum ,>i £ A Wf>. making a total of £103,000. It is the talk of Collins-street that four banks and a large squatting firm are endeavouring to get the management of the embarrassed
gentlemen's gigantic business affairs into their own hands, in order to take some decisive steps when bills that are now current arrive at maturity. Dr. Carr gave another mesmeric and phrenological entertainment last night at the Odd Fellows' Hall, to a very fair house. The doctor " waved his mighty hand with a gesture of command," and called his subjects from the body of the Hall, or wherever they might chance to be. There was no resisting the spell, come they must. One, who felt himself going, while lie had sufficient volition loft, girded up his loins, and iied the spot. When they came staggering forward, the doctor placed them in various attitudes, in which they had to remain as motionless as statues, producing a painful feeling iv the looker-on from then* resemblance, real or simulated, to dead bodies. He afterwards introduced the grotesque part of the entertainment, making a great muscular fellow sit down on the stage and pretend to suckle a baby ; sotting all his subjects swimming for their lives on the floor, and climbing the scenery, to the considerable damage of the Odd Follows' glass cluuiueys aud kcrosino Limps. The doctor will, we understand, give one lecture at the Hutt, and one more in Wellington, boL>i'e finally taking his leave. For the following notice of a remarkable telegraphic achievement we are indebted to an English exchange :— " Between two and three o'clock ou the morning of Wednesday, 2tth March, the House of Commons divided on the second reading of the Irish Church Bill. At six o'clock of the same morning the New York papers, thanks to the energy of the New York Associated Press, came out with the result of the division, with n, snmaiacy of the clelj&te wliieli }>r«iude\l it, iVHtI with a description of the scene of excitement which followed it. This is the most rapid foat of journalism which has yet been ac. complished ; and even with hhe lirgesfc faith in the development of mechanical science, we do not soe how this feat can bo greatly surpassed, even though that which men ' have done is but ati earnest of the things that they shall do.' To transmit news over 3000 miles, and to set it up in type, to print it, and sell it in the streets within three hours, or, making allowance fur diili-renco of time, within six hours of the time of the event happening, leaves but little room for the invonfcive power of future WheAt&tonesor Hoes." M. Emile Ollivier. to whose inflammatory address the outbreak iv Paris, nnmunoed in the 1 -i test European t'-'le^nuu--, is attributed, was the instigator of the reforms of the 19th of January, llv»7. such as tliuy were, although deceived in their execution by the Empeior ;i'>d M. Honker. M. Ollivier lir&fc persuaded the Duke of Moiny and Count WalewaM that li'ieril reforms were nccoo-a.u y. fiudtheu convt'i ted the Emperor to the Ihcoiy of s,nint.in£ large concessions. 01li 1 . kr'rfadvioo was sought, but not bei}>£ able to make up his niuid to become a Ministt r, M. Jloulier was directed by the Emperor to consul t with him. Oliivioi was led to beliowj that ins programme would be carried out ; uus the letter of the 19th of January accorded only a smalt amount of what M. Ollivier had demanded M. Kouher then insstigdted the creation of the Ultra Conservative Club of Arca-di-ins, and when ho was attacks I b\ Oiiivier, tho Emperor sent him a diamond order in t >ken of his eonlidenue. M. Uouher sat on M. Ollivior's eggs, and addled m.tst ot them. When the Duke of Moray died, ollivier was protected by Count Wi»leuski, who in vain endeavoured to persuade him to take office, one of the arguments employed by the Court being that to be able to act on the mind, of the Emperor, it was neeessirv to .--.i.0 him often. M. Ollivier had an interview with liU Imperial Majesb}*, of which he writes in these terms :—": — " The Emperor in his cabinet is smiling, and though he never throws off a certain reserve, which resembles timidity, his reception is cordial, of touching .-.iuvpUcity and seductive politeness, lie listens like one who desires to retain what you have to say, aud he only interrupts to make a, serious objection in good terms. His mind is not blinded by prejudices, and one can s.ay anything to him— even the truth, provided one express oneself gently. His changes ot opinion, which have appeared to many like dissimulation, are only the natural movements of an impressionable mind. It might be affirmed that he is only accessible to what is great, had he not often compounded that which creates an effect with what is great. His resolutions are slowly formed, and he is not sorry at having them imposed upon him by necessity. If he were not startled, he might adapt himself to liberty.'' M. Ollivier rejected the counsels given to him by Count Walewski, and left the iield clear to M, Roulier, whose power has never ceased to augment since the young deputy for Paris was hoodwinked. It may not be generally known that " Phosphorous JJat Paste' 1 is rather a dangerous compound to have lying about warehouses, stores, ov dwelling houses. When long exposed and dry, it will ignite the same as does a vesta, and trodden on it will explode like that match, liats or mice nibbling tit it iv its dry state cause friction suiHeieufc to start it into full blaze, and it is <|iiite possible that many a tire, originating m causes unknov \ may have come about through the inst iincntality of this highly lauded " Veru vi Destroyer.'' It would be wuil, therefore, v persons naiug xho p..ste to see thut it \ * constantly attended to and never allowed o get stale or dry. — New Zealand Herald. The Timaru Herald, of th« 19th June, re
ports : — During the last few days a large quantity of grain has arrived in town. Every store and all available places are now crammed full of grain awaiting shipment, and storekeepers have no little difficulty in finding shelter for fresh lots. For want of storeage a large quantity of grain has been stored on the beach for weeks past, covered with tarpaulins. Prices remain as before, viz., 4s for good samples wheat ; 2s 6d for oats ; and 3s Gd to 4s for barley. The report of the Comraision in Tricker's case has been laid on the table of the House, and ordered to be printed. The report is said to be unfavourable to any interference with the decision of the Court. However this may be, there is a very large number of people who will never be convinced that Tricker was guilty of the murder o£ Raynev. ' We are requested to state that the Eev. Mr. Hogg, from Wanginui, will conduct Divine Service at St. Andrew's Church tomorrow forenoon at 1 1 o'clock. From a i-eturn furnished to the Government by ike Customs Officer stationed at the Thames, we learn that the quantity of gol-l deposited in the banks at Shortland from May, lS'iS, to April. 1S6!) inclusive, amounts to 125,152 ounces. The number of vessels that have arrived during the same period is 2,500, their tonnage amounting to 94, 50 l ; the number of passengers inwards is 51,57~>, and outwards 44,201. Sittings in bankruptc}* were held yesterday before his Honor Mr. Justice Johnston. In the case of T. U. Cook, of Manawatu, who applied for discharge, Mr. Buckley supported the application, and Mr. Brandon opposed on behalf of Messrs. Jacob Joseph & Co. After some discussion, the certificate was deferred for six months. J. Harding' s case was postponed. W. H. Flood's case was also ordered to stand over. In the case of C. Hickling, the bankrupt was absent, and no ortlei* was made by the Court. Two other cases, those of Gudgeon and Thomas, were ordered to stand over till next sitting on the 16th July.
The Evening Post. SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1869., Evening Post, Volume V, Issue 116, 26 June 1869
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