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SECOND EDITION., Daily Telegraph, Issue 4199, 9 January 1885
SHAW, BAVILL, AND ALBION COMPANY'S S.S. ARAWA.
Tho magnificent steamer Arawa, commanded by Capt. John Stuart, which left Wellington at 1.30 p.m. yesterday, was anchored in the bay by the pilot at about 7 a.m. this day, whore she will remain for a few days discharging her inward cargo some 200 tona, and shipping our portion of her outward cargo, which will consist of some 9000 carcasses of frozen meat, 1100 bales of wool, 100 casks of tallow, and a few hundred sacks of grass seed. As the Arawa is the first steamer specially constructed for tho Messrs Shaw-Savill and Albion Company's direct steam service between tho Old Country and New Zealand, a short description of her may not be uninteresting to our readers. In designing this yacht-like steamer, her builders Messrs Wm. Denny and Brothers, of Dumbarton, were called upon to keep certain points well in view. She was to possess a great cargocarrying capacity, while at the same time providing the very best accommodation for passengers ; her engines were to be so constructed so as to give a high speed with a minimum consumption of coal; and, further, she was to be designed with a view to a future greater development of traffic, ko that tho value of the ship should only'depreciate by ago, and not from any lack of ideas in her construction. And there is every reason to believe that Messrs Denny havo carried out their commission well, as the following particulars of the construction of the vessel will show:—She was built in about twelve months, is 420 ft. in length, 46ft in breadth, and 32ft in depth, the gross tonnage bein-r over 5000 ton,. The liull which is capable of currying 840 tons of water ballast, is divided into nine watertight compartments. There eire three complete deck:*, the upper and main decks being plated with steel throughout their entire length. Tho Arawa is full-rigged, in order to benefit by the prevailing- winds on a portion of the passage. She has four masts and two funnels, and externally presents a very graceful appearance, the clipper-stem terminating with an admirably carved figure-head. There is accommodation for 95 first-class passengers, GO second-class ; and the 'tween decks, which are clear the whole length of the vessel, give accommodation for C7O steerage passengers. The bunkers hold about 2000 tons, the vessel only coaling once on her way out, at Tenerifxe. Captain Stuart is assisted by able officers, and when his crew is made up to its full complement it numbers about 120 men. The cost of tho vessel was about £130,000, and it ia estimated that her working , expenses arc about £140 a day. . Coming to more detailed description of the vessel, the 'first striking feature is the saloon. The decorations are of tho most ornate description, and the harmony of color strikes one immediately. It is capable of dining one hundred passengers, and besides the main cc.-.fre tables there is a series of small tables arranged on either sido to admit of small parties, dining tete-a-tete as in most modern hotels. A fine American organ is flanked on both sides by a well-chosen library of uniformly bound books, and handsome standards on every table support the electric lamps which supply the illumination of the saloon. The panelling of the sides is very beautiful—a chfisto floral design, v/orkod upon sycamore wood, being relieved by wvlmifc window
casings. Above the timinff saloon is the social or music room, rntutited on the citauel deck, upholstered in figured plush, and lio-htcd by c laivo cupola skylight of stained glVs. Tho millinery -there is something irresistibly intbresthig in the motive power which prjpeLs n, great .ship, and the starting of a liujj of machinery such as 13 erected in tho Araira—is a sight worth seeing. Vie are standing in the eng:ne-rooi.-i'a-azinsf at amass of machinery, passive, and tcTall appearance useless and immovable. But at a given signal the engines arc started, and as though iul the powers of .darkness had been brought to bear upon'it, the wholo mass is set id motion, the floor of the room vibrates under our feet, the pistons make their first, stroke, tho shaft of the screw stretching away to the stern of the vessel, a distance ot about 120 feet, commences to revolve, and some thousands of tons of shipping plough through the waters of Hawke's Bay. And what are these mighty engines, the construction of which has taxed the brain of many a olever engineer P They are what are called tandem triple expansion engines of 0000 indicated horse-power. To the uninitiated the term conveys but a very hazy, if, indeed, any idea at all, of what they really are • so we will try to elucidate mutters by stating that the "triple expansion " principle means that the steam is first admitted into the smallest of the four cylinders at the high pressure of 1601b to the square inch, the highest pressure yet reached in a steamer of this size ; when exhausted there, it passes into the cylinder next largest in size, and thence to the two largest, and the steam is thus utilised to the greatest possible extent. In other words, the adoption of this principle means a saving of something like -100 tons of coal during the forty days voyage out. That means more space for cargo, and of course a smaller expenditure in tho cost of motive power. The Arawa is lit with electricity generated by a Feranti-Thompson dynamo, driven by two sets of Westiughouse engines, of 19 horse-power each. Over three _ hundred Swan incandescent lamps are distributed over the ship, each liirht being equal to twenty candles. The lighting is regulated by Mr It. D. Siniilie's switch system, by means of which any temporary defect in the lighting is confined to one of the fourteen different circuits, and the mistake, whatever it may be, can be corrected there without in the least affecting those parts of the ship lighted by the other thirteen Fifteen hundred tons gross, or one-third of the space of the whole ship, is fitted with refrigerating chambers, capable of containing 700 tons weight of meat—that is to say, 30,000 carcasses of frozen meat may bo taken home in the chambers. The refrigerating machine is the Bell-Coleman patent. On her trial trip over the measured mile the Arawa averaged 15-31 knots which was a higher speed than that stipulated for by her owners, and on her way out, in fine weather, and with a calm sea sue reached over 16 knots an hour. Messrs Kinross and Co., her agents at this port, are doing their utmost to give her quick despatch, when she proceeds to Lyttelton and from there back to Wellington, her final port
SECOND EDITION., Daily Telegraph, Issue 4199, 9 January 1885
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