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THE WRECK OF THE ADMELLA.

The 'South Australian Advertiser' has the following remarks on the wreck of the steamer Admella — a subject which, though much has been written upon it, ifl as yet far from being exhausted in its interest :—: — Regarded as an event affecting the public generally, the loss of the Admella has developed in a most marvellous manner the intense, though perhaps heretofore unsuspected sympathy which binds South Australian colonists together. No doubt a great calamity has oc- • curred, but not an unparalleled one. Other, more fearful, and more axtensively fatal wrecks have occurred, if not on these shores — on other shores ; on shores, too, which we love, and still love as belonging to our native land. "We have heard of hundreds upon hundreds peiisliing, — we have heard of the horrors of fire superadded to those of the angry waters, — we have known of the maddening alternative of a voluntary choice of death by either means, when respite from both, even for a moment, there was not, — we have heard, and many of us have been eye-witnesses of calamities frightful in their character, terrible in their extent. But we doubt if any person who reads these lines can call to mind an instance in which » whole community, throughout.an entire week, consented to adjourn public business, to suspend commercial operations," and to yield up time, thought, feeling— all to the contemplation of one calamity. Yet such substantially was the case during the whole of the week that has passed. Every thing was done perfunctorily, without energy, heart, or interest. Our bodies were in town, but our minds and hearts were far away. And had the sufferers remained on the wreck another week, the same incapacity for business would have resulted. It may be said that the peculiar excitement went too far. We shall not argue the question ; it precludes argument. It lies deeper. All we can say is, it was so. Some invisible chord running through every grade of society vibrated to the common impulse, and hence the most extraordinary and sustained excitement we ever witnessed or ever heard of. Doubtless the proved existence of this universal sympathy is a good omen ; but it is equally certain that the time had come when the public interest called for public repose. The list of the living and of the dead wiil make known to all the best and the worst of the occurrenceBut very much still awaits investigation. A calm and dispassionate enquiry into the whole affair is inevitable. From the lips of the survivors we must glean the particulars of the event. The public mind will not rest until contradictory statements are reconciled — mystery is cleared up, and facts are brought out in clear consecutive order. All this is a public necessity. But it may be done apart from the painful anxiety — without the absorbing exclusiveness characterising the enquiries of the past week. We have also other duties to perform. The relatives of those who have perished must be enquired after ; we must ascertain if there are widows and orphans left, not only to mourn bereavement, but to suffer want. They must be sought out and cared for. And then the brave men who risked their own lives to save the lives of their fellow creatures — the noble, daring, heroic band who volunteered upon the breaking crests of those impending billows — who plunged into the seething troughs of that foaming sea— -who repulsed again and again, at the renewed risk of their own lives to save the lives of strangers. The story of the Admella, whenever it shall be fully related, will be one of even more intense horror than was anticipated. As one telegram came after another, informing us of the wretched condition of the sufferers — their want of rest, of shelter, of food — public opinion, generally repudiated these reports as idle conjectures or as exaggerations resulting from the state of excitement prevailing at Mount Gambier. Even at Mount Gambier itself the first messages of horror and misery were contradicted by those that were subsequently despatched, the wire one day proclaiming — "They have no food," and the next day— "They must have had food, and it is believed they get it from the after cabins." But let our readers study the dreadful story of the chief mate, as given in to-day's paper. What a world of agony is dimly shadowed forth in his brief sentences ! We little thought of the slow work of death, — of the daily and nightly thinning of the ranks of the poor creatures by cold, weariness, and starvation. We had buoyed ourselves up with the hope that those who died had, at all events, been spared the agonising suspense and fearful privations of those who have been saved. No such thing. Days and nights, nights and days of unspeakable woe, ending in death — death more bitter from the previous suffering, still most bitter with hope, and deliverance in prospect. We feel that notwithstanding all our excitement and sympathy, we have underrated, rather than exaggerated the miseries of the unhappy beings whose lives slowly and sorrowfully ebbed away on the dismal wreck of the Admella. We have much yet to learn ;the official investigation will bring many things to light ; and the personal disclosures of the survivora will fill up many of the wide chasms still remaining in the history of this most melancholy event. The number of the lost is beyond what we supposed, and the sufferings of the rescued have been beyond our "most excited imaginings. But we forbear further comment. Fitting occasions will soon be afforded in which to congratulate the slender remnant saved, to condole with the many sufferers who are left to mourn over the lost, and to devise suitable expressions of admiration and gratitude as respects the heroic men, who put their own lives in the utmost peril to save the few dying Bufferers, whose last hours were fast wasting away on that dreadful reef.

Sporting. — The betting on the Great Champion Sweepstakes, to be run for at Melbourne on the Ist of next month, has undergone some important cßangei

since the receipt of former accounts. Strop still stand* at the head of the list, the odds against hup. being 4 to 1 ; and next in order is another of our Nelson celebrities, Zoe, against- whom 7 to 1 can no longer be ot» tamed. The New South Wales crack, Sailor, is juat a shade below Zoe ; then follows the Van Pieman' Land favourite, Quickstep, and the Victorian hone, the Moor, with 10 to 1 ; Phoebe (another Nelsen mare) and Alice Hawthorne, with 100 to 9; lo (Nelson* again), 100 to 7 ; and the remaining sixteen with, odd* ranging against them from 100 to 5, down to 100 to 3. A rumour had been circulated in Van Dieman's Land that Strop was not the thing, but the reply to special inquiries was, that the hone was as well as he possibly could be. Mr. Duppa, we hear, has secured the services of Snell, who ranks high as a jockey in New South Wales, to ride Phoebe in the great race. Potentate has returned to Nelson, and goes to the stud. An account of our last Nelson meeting has been published in 'Bell's Life injLondon.' The. racehorse Barber, wrecked in the unfortunate steamer Admella 'en route' to Melbourne,*and supposed to have been/drowned, swam ashore, it appears, without suttaining^ the slightest injury, and has been forwarded to Melbourne by another steamer, in order to contend for the great sweepstakes.

The Army. — General Peel read a memorandum last evening of the military forces constituting our home establishment, which we fear must be strangely at variance with facts. The gallant general said that, excluding the Marines on shore, the enrolled pensioner!, and the recruits for India, the forces in the United Kingdom on the Ist June were thus made up: — Cavalry, 11,698; Foot ~ Guards, 6184; Infantry, 50,032; Horse Artillery, 1749; Foot Artillery, 12,669; Koyal Engineers, 854; Military Train, 1861; Medical Staff Corps, 375 ; and embodied Militia, 23,218 ; total, 109, 640; or, excluding the embodied Militia, 86,422-' Now we must take leave to question the correctness of some of the most important pf these items. Take the first — tbe Cavalry. There are in the United Kingdom three regiments of Household Cavalry, and the following Regiments of the Line, viz., the 4th and sth Dragoon Guards, Ist and 2nd Dragoons, 3d, 4th, and 13th Light Dragoons, 5tH and 16th Lancers, and the 10th, 11th, 15th, and 18th Hussars. These 16 regiments have an establishment of 520 of all ranki each, so that if they were all up to the establishment (which we doubt very much) the aggregate strength would be 8,320 men. Throwing in the depot of the 9th Lancers, which cannot be classed under the head of " recruits for India," inasmuch as the regiment is on its way Home ; we may call the whole cavalry force at home 8500 men, or more than 3000 less than it is represented to be in General Peel's memorandum. A much more important mis-statement is that respecting the infantry of the Line, which the memorandum make.s amount to 50,032. The Infantry regiments at home' are — the 9th (Ist battalion), 10th (2nd battalion), 11th (two battalions), 12th (2d battalion), 14th (2dbattalionG 15th (Ist battalion), 16th (two battalions), 17th (2d battalion), 18th (2nd battalion), 19th (2nd battalion), 20th (2nd battalion), 21st (2nd battalion), 22d (Ist battalion), 24th (2nd battalion). 30th, 36th, 45th, 47th, 55th, 58th 60th (4th battalion), 76th, 96th, and Rifle Brigade (Ist battalion). These 26 battalions, with their depots, cannot certainly be put down at more than 1000 men each, or 26,000 in the aggregate. Adding 32 home depots of regiments serving in the colonies, which average about 200 men each, or 6,400 altogether, we have a force of infantry of the Line of 32,000, or nearly 18^000 less than it is represented in the memorandum read by General Peel. We cannot speak with equal certainty of the strength of the embodied Militia regiments, which is stated to be 23,218 ; but we have very strong reasons for thinking that it does not come up to 16,000 men at the outside. There are one or two other items in the memorandum which we cannot help suspecting are incorrect, though not to a material extent; but those we have named make a difference of about 28,000 men between what we take to be the truth and General Peel's memorandum. We hold exaggeration in these matters to be as impolitic as it is unjust. We cannot deceive Europe as to our strength, and it is not advisasable to deceive England. Although General Peel does not like to notice anonymous remarks, we trust he will make further inquiry, and either justify by a more particular statement, or correct the extraordinary 'memorandum which he endorsed with his high authority in the House last evening. — Globe, July 12.

Death of the Bishop of Smrba Lboh*^— We have to record the death of the Eight Rev. Dr. J. Bowen, Bishop of Sierra Leone, the third prelate of that see since it* establishment in 1852. Dr. Bowen was for some years a resident in Canada, and having come to this country in 1842 entered as a student of Trinity College, Dublin, where he in due course graduatedt He* was ordained by the present Bishop of Durham, who had at that time the episcopal supervision of the diocese of Ripon. In 1847 he went, to Palestine and the East and returned to England in 1851. Afterwards he visited Nineveh, where he formed the acquaintance of Mr; Layard, with whom he was associated during many of his investigations. He visited the East * second time in 1854, and came back to England again in 18-16. Through Mr. Layard, who is a relative of Lady Huntly, Dr. Bowen received from the Marquis of Huntly a nomination to the rectory of Orton* Longueville, near Peterborough, to which he was instituted by the Bishop of Ely in 1853. The parish having but a small population, he obtained without difficulty a licence for non-residence, in crder that he might indulge in hit Eastern travels. This living he held up to the time he was appointed to the bishopric of Siena Leone, to which he wijs consecrated in the chapel of Lam* beth Palace on the 23d of September, 1857, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, who was assisted~by the Bishop of Peterborough and the Bishop of Victoria, who happened at that time to be in England. On the 13th of December, 1857, Bishop Bowen arrived at Sierra Leone, and on the 28th of May last he died in consequence of a malignant attack of yellow fever. Three bishops have thus been sacrificed to the terrible climate of Siena Leone. The see was constituted in 1852, and the first bishop appointed was the Rev. OwenEraeric Vidal, of St. John's College, Cambridge, incumbent of Trinity Church, Arling. ton, Sussex. He had not pursued his episcopal duties many months when he sickened and came back to England for the restoration of his -health. Full of hope, he determined to return to his diocese, and on his passage back he died. He was succeeded in the episcopate by the Rev. John Wills Weeks, incumbent of St. Thomas's Church, Lambeth, who was consecrated in Lamteth f arish church in 1855. He died at his post early in 1857, and was succeeded by Bishop Bowen . Upon the death of Dr. Weeks in 1857 several gentlemen holding high positions in the Church earnestly pressed upon the Government the desirableness of appointing to the vacant episcopate what the Rev. Canon Stowell had a short time previously designated in one of his speeches "a real black bishop," there being many coloured African gentleman in holy orders ordained by the Bishops of London after satisfactory examination— who were accustomed to the climate, and eminently qualified by their {general attainments, Christian character, and intimate acquaintance. with the native popula-. tion to discharge the duties o£. the episcopal office* but their representations were unheeded. It now remains with the Duke of Newcastle, the Colonial Secretary, to nominate a fourth Bishop of Sierra Leone, who will have jurisdiction at bis predecessors have had over the coast between 20 degrees north and 20 degrees south latitude, and more especially the colonies of Sierra Leone, the Gambia, the Gold Coast and their dependencies. The gross ,income of the see is 900/. a year, being 500/. • year ai the bishop's allowance as colonial chaplain, and 400/. a year from the Colonial Bishoprics' F.und.—7Vm*», July 16th.

The French Jockey Club and thb Wa*.t-"S# veral members of the Jockey Club," says the 'Sport,' "have been either wounded or killed in Italy. One of the latter, M. de Froidefond, noted for hw personal courage, was the orderly officer of General Espinasar. The Count de Grammont was wounded with a muskatr ball at Magenta, and remains at Milan. Hit brother-in-law, Count Horace de Choissul Praslin, greatly distinguished himself on the same occasion, and after being for a length of time in the midst of the m*Us, only received a slight contusion. Both of these gentlemen fought in the Crimea ; and there also, while the laljter escaped unhurt, the Count de Grammont was severely wdunded. M. Nicholas Cary had his foot badly sprained, in consequence of his horse falling, from placing one of its forelegs in a rut. M. Paulze dTvor was killed in a bayonet charge. M. Alphonse Bertram! was wounded, and M. de la- Tour d'Auvergne had hii shoulder dislocated. M. de Ohamplouis, orderly officer to General Ladmirault, was wounded by a bullet in tbe cheek, but only % Blight gear will mark the upot."

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Bibliographic details

THE WRECK OF THE ADMELLA., Daily Southern Cross, Volume XVI, Issue 1255, 27 September 1859, Supplement

Word Count
2,621

THE WRECK OF THE ADMELLA. Daily Southern Cross, Volume XVI, Issue 1255, 27 September 1859, Supplement

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