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ONE OF THE DOMINION'S LARGEST - \ The> County of Wairoa, situated in the Hawke's Bay Province, is one of the largest counties in New Zealand. The area is approximately 2100 square miles, and extends from Petane, about twelve miles north of Napier, te Paritu, about 10 miles north of Table Cape, Mahia Peninsula, .'aid reaches inland on the south as far,a6 Rangitaiki, on the Napier-'iaupb Road, and embraces Lake AVaikaremoana country on its northern inland boundary. The Napier-Gisborne coach road runs through the county for a distance of about 100 miles, while the proposed East Coast railway will traverse the full-extent of the county. The capital valuation of Wairoa County is £3,000,000, and the amount levied annually in fatos varies between £15,C00 and £20,000. The total receipts for the year ended March 31, 1912, were £22,363, for year ended March 31, 1913, £34,381, and for yoar ended March .31, 1914, £51,593, and the expenditure on public works for the corresponding periods was as follows: —Year 1912, £24,660, 1913, £38,587, and for 1914 £37,013. These figures themselves speak of a rapid development, and treating of the reading of new country. , During the past few years the county authorities have pursued a very active public works policy, a 6tep on the way to bring the standard of the roads up to those of Hawke's Bay and southern districts. However, there' are numberless difficulties to be met and overcome. Throughout tho county, which comprises the bulk of the country between Napier and Gisborne, there is a §reat scarcity of suitable gravel or stone eposits, and the making of -good lasting traffic roads is a. matter of great difficulty. However, some three years ago the sum of £40,000 was borrowed, and a start made with the metalling of the main arterial roads, and assisted by Government eubeidies in some cases, a great improvement was effected, and a" further proposal to borrow an additional £30,000 was being put to the county ratepayers when tho 'outbreak of the European AVar necessitated postponement of the proposal. The whole district suffers sadly on account of the uncertainty of access and unreliability of transport durin" the winter season, but with tho metalling of the ftapierAVairoa Road, which for a greater part jof the distance is under control of the Public Works Department, and the expenditure of ' the proposed sum of £30,000 by the County Council, an overland means will be assured throughout the year, and with the river and harbour improvement scheme at AVairoa •nearing completion and success, the greatest disadvantages and sot-backs the district has contended with in the past will ail have disappeared, and there will only then remain the industry and enterprise of the people to make AVairoa' County one of the most prosperous and progressive on tho East Coast. ; The chief roads .tapping the country leading into Wairoa run into the Ruakituri Valley for a distance of about 50 miles, through to Lake ' AA'aikaremoana country for a distance of about 40 miles, and into tho Cricklewood aiid Maungataniwha districts for about 40 miles. ■ All these areas, comprising somoof the finest,sheep country in tho island, are capable of greater development and better settlement when easier access is provided. Large holdings prodominate in the county, as will be noted from the fact that some 1,300,000 acres are held by about 480 European ra-tepa>»ars. Large blocks of Native lands could be also treated to subdivision, to tho advancement and settlement of the county.

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Bibliographic details

Dominion, Dominion, Volume 8, Issue 2382, 11 February 1915

Word Count

THE COUNTY Dominion, Volume 8, Issue 2382, 11 February 1915