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ANTWERP TAKEN BY THE GERMANS.

; V: BELGIAN ARMY WITHDRAWS. ■■■..:' : '- : : : ■ - ' : : ■■{'■■ ■'■":' •-'-"' .. ". ■'■■■ ■ '"■ '■ ■■ '■'■.-'" .. " TERRIFIC BOMBARDMENT OF THE CITY. • . : ■;'■■ By/Telegraph—Press' Association—(toßyriEht ..'■'■' . '•■:.,• ■>•'.' :'."', . : ■.;;■■ ■' Amsterdam, October 9. Official,—A German, communique states that the Germans seized Fort Brocheim, eight miles eastward of Antwerp, and are now approaching the inner fort belt. •.: The Belgians between the outer and inner forts were repulsed and driven back on Antwerp." .'.;■'. , The Germans captured in the open field four heavy batteries, fifty-two field guns, and many machine, guns. . GERMAN FORCES CROSS THE SCHELDT. /'■■'.'■ ' • ,'. •/ '. ■■■'■' I"; Ostend, October 9. : The Germans, under cover of-a fog, crossed the Scheldt between Schoonaerde (six miles .west-of Termonde) and Ergenein. After-the , previous repulses they changed their tactics and brought up an army corps (30,000-men) from Alost, six miles south. • ■'• • . ■..- - } During thejjiight they threw a : pontoon bridge across the river'at a point whero there were few Belgian defenders, ■; -Simultaneously':they began an action of the whole river front from Termonde to Uytbergen, near Grembergen (a few miles north of Termondo). ■ '• The German gunsToutrangod those of the Belgians, who retired. Belgian reinforcements arrived later, and began a hot battle, with heavy shrapnel fire from both, sides. The Belgians' fire sirept away many bodies of- infantry on a pontoon, b'ut considerable numbers crossed and occupied Borlaere, four miles west of Termonde. • , ■ The Belgians fiercely contested the passage of the artillery, and destroyed two guns midway. One battery crossed the river, and concentrated its fire on the Belgians. ' ' , •■- • The.battle continues. ■ '-.'-. ■.■... Severe fighting is proceeding outside Antwerp, Borgerhout, the suburb on the north-west side of the city, is burning. ; It is reported that the Germans were compelled to retreat a short distance at the town of Lierre, eight miles south-east of Antwerp. > ONG' ALBERT RETIRES TO DUTCH BORDER. ' Amsterdam, October 9. King Albert left Antwerp yesterday, and has arrived at Zelzaete, a small town on"the Dutch border, twenty miles west of Antwerp. PRINCIPAL ATTACK FROM SOUTH-EAST. .'-..'• • Ostend, October 9. The authorities of the Zoological Gardens at Antwerp shot all dangerous carnivorous animals, lest the bombardment should -break the cages and release the animals. ■ ■ Six Zeppelins on Wednesday night last dropped bombs on the Antwerp Palais de Justice, which was partly destroyed. . . , The principal attack is from_tbo southeast. Numbers of wounded are arriving at Ostend. London, October 8. During the bombardment of Antwerp terrible incendiary shells were fired into the city, between South Antwerp and the Law Courts. TWO FORTS REDUCED TO POWDER. (Rec. October 11, 2:45 p.m.) . London, October 10. Mr. Martin Donohoej the war correspondent of the "Daily Chronicle," says that crowds of wounded arc pouring into Ostend.' Tbo_ Belgian medical arrangements appear to have broken down. Many of the victims have been without food or water for long hours. At Ostend food is lacking. The wounded state that the German shell iire in a particular section.of the; fortified enceinte at Antwerp has been terribly severe, the two forts of one section having been reduced to powder. The enemy flung a heavy assaulting column against, the' breach, but tho entrenched Belgians met it with terrific raachine-guu fire. The two columns wavered, defied the liberal display of personal violence by tho officers, and broke and fled in disorder, during which their losses were accentuated fourfold. After regaining the shelter of their artillery they fired on tho trenches. Antwerp is still holding out bravely. The Germans are in force round Lokeren Zele, seven miles north-west of Termonde, and Dierdencli. The American Consul at Antwerp states that he remained in the city the first night of tho bombardment. Ho was jirousod at 11 o clock at night by frightful noises in the air, and with his family he crouched in the cellar, all night. Every few minutes a dreadful whistling sound was followed by a thunderclap and the, collapse of some buildings. He saw the whole front of a building torn out by a shell. The streets were crowded with all descriptions of vehicles removing fugitives. After escaping from tho town, lie found tho bridge across the Scheldt destroyed, bottling up the remainder of tho inhabitants. It took him thirteen hours to roach Ghent, owiuß to tho road being packed with fueitives.

SITUATION MOST CRITICAL, (Rec. October 11, 2.45 p.m.) Amsterdam, October 10. Fugitives state tho Germans held tho nine forts near Lierre, south-east of the city. On Friday shells fell on the prison, and the warders liberated the prisoners'.' Messages from Roosendaal, in Holland, on Friday evening stated that the situation was most critical. ONLY MEANS OF SAVING THE CITY. (Rec. October 11, 3.10 p.m.) Ostend, October 10. It transpires that the burgomaster at Antwerp issued a proclamation a week ago, quoting the Kaiser's assurances of non-interference with the civil population, and warned the citizens against interference with foreign soldiers entering tho town. The city therefore regarded surrender as tho natural t sequence, and the only sane policy of saving the city. During the bombardment the destruction of the waterworks by the Germans deprived the city of water, and prevented the brigade from extinguishing fires. Air the chief art treasures were removed. The suburbs of Borgorhout, Zurimburg, and Berchem are almost entirely burnt out. It is rumoured that the Queen has sailed for England. GERMANS CLAIM TO HAVE TAKEN CITY. . (Rec. October 11, 3.10 p.m.)" London, October 10. A Marconi wireless mesage, from the Berlin headquarters states that Antwerp has been in the possession of the Germans since Friday. The Belgian garrison was stated to have left' the neighbourhood of the forts, only a few of which remain in the possession of the Belgians. The "Daily Chronicle" states it is not confirmed that the Germans have entered Antwerp. The inhabitants are calm. A RAIN OF PROJECTILES. (Rec. October 11, 3.30 p.m.) ' , London, October 10. • A correspondent describes the firing of a forty-two centimetre gun by the enemy every ten minutes. There comes a shot of flame like a blasting furnace, a small cloud of smoke, a thunderous, though bearable roar, and then a hiss. The Germans never fired wildly, but spies worked the ranges of vulnerable points out to a yard. ' King Albert, through a neutral attache, sent the German commander _ a plan showing the sites of the cathedral and other ancient monuments, which ie begged might be spared. Many of the shells have already fallen near the Cathedral. The King is in the field with, the army. The Germans are using two hundred guns of twenty-eight, thirty, and forty-two centimetres. • ■ The British,:. French, and Russian Ministers were the last to leave the city, and witnessed the first part of the bombardment. From midnight it rained projectiles sometimes twenty per minute. _ It is stated that more than half thp, shells failed to explode. Many civilians were killed. The weather was calm, and prevented the spread of the flames. The Germans, in their advance to the inner forts literally filled the dykes with their dead. Owing to their close formation, the Belgian machine guns went through them like scythes. There are hordes of refugees at Flushing. All sorts of river craft, loaded down td the gunwales with human freight, are crossing the Scheldt. The panic is pitiful. Twenty-five thousand fled to Holland, and the Dutch are nobly feeding tho homeless, who include three hundred orphans. . . (Rec. October 11, 10.30 a.m.) '.■■,■",• Amsterdam! October 9. 'About half a million'refugees are now in Holland. MORE BRIDGES BLOWN UP, ■ ■•■•■ (Rec. Ocober 11, 4.20 p.m.) • •.'■'• Ostend, October 10. The Germans have blown up all bridges from Ghent south to Ingelmunster, and have destroyed the station at Vivea St. Elqy. ' Inglemunster is six miles north of Courtrai; and Vives St. Eloy is seven miles east of it. • A NIGHT OF HORROR. (Rec. October 11, 4.55 p.m.) : . , ' Chent, October 10. • During Thursday, shells constantly fell in various parts of Antwerp, including the Place Verio. Many places were on fire. Whole streets were reduced to ruin by incendiary shells. . ■ , A Zeppelin, while dropping bombs on tho Law Courts, was hit, and the diversion enabled the Germans to bring up fresh guns. The population was terrified at tho continued scenes of • horror. The . darkness was only relieved by burning buildjjigs>iand,|.; ex.plodjng|,i shells. The Belgian army gallantly sortied from tho loft bank of the Scheldt. .General *de Guise, the Military Governor of Antwerp, is a pupil of Genr eral Bnalmont, the designer of the forts, and,is the youngest and most brilliant Belgian General. He ■ assisted in organising the defence of • Adria-' uople when the Balkan War broke out. ' , ■ • ; SURRENDER AT 9 A.M. ON FRIDAY, v (Reo. October 11, 11.35 p.m.) '...'■■• Amsterdam, ■ October 10. A Belgian staff officer states that the fort at Waver St. Catherine offered the most stubborn resistance. A Zeppelin gave tho range and dropped bombs. The commander of the fort pretended tho fort was on fire, whereupon the Zeppelin, signalled the infantry to advance When thoy reached the glacis the Belgian guns and quickfirers inowed down eight thousand. When tho position became untenable, owing to 180-pound shells, the commander blew up the fort. • . . Refugees stated tihat the end came with unexpected suddenness. Antwerp surrendered at nine o'clock on Friday after forty hours' bombardment. The Hotel de Villa, the Palace of Justice, and the Art Gallery suffered from shell-fire. The Plantin-Moretue Museum was considerably damaged.. ' . . ■ ■.. A DAY OF TERROR. ■ The terror of the last twenty hours baffles description. The inhabitants who had not fled took refuge in the cellars. Many were struck as thoy were seeking shelter. The shops were closed since Thursday and all valuables in jewellers' shops were removed to safety owing to the recollection of German .ooting at Louvain. The sight of wounded Belgian soldiers traversing the city from tho fortifications and redoubts added.to the terror of the population.. The boats for Ostend were dangerously crowded.. The trains to Holland were packed with wailing women and children crying with hunger. At every stopping-place more tried to enter. They had been waiting without food for hours. A man sank on the floor of the corridors in a hysterical condition.. Tho majority of the women had one desire to get beyond earshot of the German A horrible incident was that a chance German shell struck a train of fugitives leaving for Esschen and several were killed. ~ This caused an indescribable panic. . . The plight of other fugitives was so desperate that the Dutch , Government issued a warning to tlio public not to treat the fugitives harshly if they behaved strangely, as many were partially demented owing to the strain. .FORTIFICATIONS BLOWN' UP. (Rec. October 11, Midnight.) Amsterdam, October 10. While the main force was attacking the fortifications in the neighbourhood of Lierre on-Thursday, a heavy bombardment was proceeding on the inner fort line from the direction of Boom. As the fight progressed large infantry bodies were flung against the redoubts of tho inner circle, while other troops were feigning attacks in the direction of Termonde, Duffel, and elsewhere for the purpose of diverting attention from Lierre. . The south-east-ern and ea'stern forts, including Lierre, ceased firing on Friday morning, enabling the Germans to force their way into Antwerp, where the Belgians blew! up the fortifications. The Civic Guard disbanded, but the majority immediately volunteered for the Tegular army. . ~ ' x ■ ~ The Dutch are behaving with line generosity. /Rotterdam, Maostricht, Tilburg Middleburg, Amsterdam, and Dordrecht are all taking largo contingents of refugees. At Essochon a thousand fugitives, are camping on the railway lines, stretching a rough covering from the telegraph poles as a protection against the weather, while some are living in railway coaches. From Ghent to the sea is still fre*. of Germans/ and many refugees preferred to go to Bruges, Ghent, Ostend, and the coast towns, and endless processions were camping throughout Thursday and Friday nightß, as they soon exhausted the food at the wayside inns and farms. The scenes are unprecedented since the Spaniards sacked Antwerp in 1586. . DESPERATE REARGUARD ACTION. ' (Rec. October 12, 0.15 a.m.) Amsterdam, October 11. A Belgian officer states that the garrison, on wjthdrawing across, the Scheldt, fought a desperate rearguard action, the fighting continuing, fiercely to the westward. The surrender of the city was orderly, the authorities hoisting white flags on church towers and public buildings. All grain-laden boats in the harbour "had been previously sunk. A fierce bayonet fight preceded the enemy's entry into Berchem. The rofugees at Antwerp opened holes in the walls to enable them to retreat in case of emergency, from house to house, along a wholo street. The peoplo at every big' Dutch station met the incoming trains and offered tho fugitives bread, biscuits, tea, and milk. KING SAID TO BE WOUNDED. (Rec. October 12, 0.13 a.m.) Amsterdam, October 11. Some refugees state they saw tho King of the Belgians with his arm in a eling. . BELGIAN ARMY EVACUATES THE TOWN. Information has como to the Primo Minister confirming tho news of the fall of Antwerp. The news Mr. Massey has received is that the Belgian forces in the beleaguered city did not capitulate, but merely evacuated tho town, so that the Germans' occupation was not opposed. The object of this move, it is officially stated, was to avoid the Belgian army being put out of action by being cooped up in tho fortress for ft long period, and also to save the' city, from destruction by. the German siege artillery.

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ANTWERP TAKEN BY THE GERMANS. Dominion, Volume 8, Issue 2278, 12 October 1914

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