THE ASSASSINATION OF LORD CAVENDISH AND MR BURKE.
From the Home papers we take the follow- j ingaccountof the above tragedy:— No outrage of late years has created so widespread a feeling of horror as that,of which the news reached London close upon j midnight on May 6th, namely, that Lord Frederick Cavendish, before he had assumed for six hours the duties of Chief Secretary for Ireland, had been brutally set upon and murdered within half a mile of his official residence, and that the permanent UnderSecretary, Mr Burke, had shared hia fate. The assassination, whioh was consummated in broad daylight, in the Pa—nix Park, must have been deeply planned, and although the publio impression appears to be that it was only intended to assassinate Mr Burke, and that Lord F. Cavendish was murdered because he happened to be with the Under-Secretary, and to guard against discovery, there is reason to believe that the design was the very contrary, and that the object of the misoreante who plotted toe murder was to commit a deed which would strike terror into the English Government by murdering not a mere subordinate officer of the Government here, but one of the highest rank, next to the Viceroy in the Irish Executive, and the son of a great English peer. They could at any time have assassinated Mr Burke, who was well known in the city, and who walked about at all hours without fear and unarmed. He never had an escort, and his habits must have been familiar to all who chose to watoh his movements. It may be that his fate was reserved deliberately until a double stroke oould be aimed at the Executive, but the supposition which naturally occurs that Lord F. Cavendish was not known and was not likely to be obnoxious is refuted by the faot that as the procession passed through Dame street, near the Castle, a man stood at the carriage in whioh Lord F. Cavendish, Mr Jenkinson, and the Hon. Mr Spencer were seated, and asked if Lord F. Cavendish waa in the procession. He received no answer, and, moving on, repeated this question, without elioiting a reply. He asked a third time, and then Lord F. Cavendish, raising his hat, said, "I am Lord F. Cavendish." The man replied, " Thank yon, that will do," and went away. A man similarly attired "Vas afterwards observed in the park near the soene of the murder. The Lord Lieutenant left the Castle abont six o'clock in the even, ing, and rode along with an aide-de-camp through Thomas street to the Park without attracting any attention. The Chief Seoretary and the Under-Secretary were to have dined with his Excellency. Lord F. Cavendish left the Castle on foot shortly afterwards, as he wished to have a walk, and the evening was temptingly fine. Mr Burke left the town afterwards, and on reaching the Park Gate, probably feeling fatigued, hired the car of an old man named Flynn and drove on. He had not proceeded far when he overtook Lord F. Cavendish, and they both walked on together until they reached a spot exactly opposite the Viceregal Lodge, It was then about halfpast seven o'olock. There the assassins were in waiting for them, and evidently from the nature of the wounds attacked them from behind with savage ferocity, inflicting upon each of them death wounds with deep deadly thrusts of a triangular weapon, probably a ong dagger. They were, of course, taken completely unawares, bnt Mr Burke appears to have made a struggle with his aasalante, or his fingers were cut. The work of blood must have been done in a couple of minutes, and as if to make it the more shocking, it was committed in full view of the Lord • Lieutenant himself, who was walking in the grounds in front of the Viceregal Lodge along with Colonel Caulfield, and saw a group of men struggling, but attached no importance to it, thinking it was. some horseplay or wrestling on the part of some of the humbler classes who frequent the park. The same struggle was witnessed by Captain Great"—, of the Boyal Dragoons, stationed at Island Bridge Barracks, who walked through the gate nearest the barracks into the park and observed a oar waiting. He walked on, and near ths scene oi ths murder aaw the struggle, bnt had no suspicion that a murder was being perpetrated. He saw four men get up on the oar and drive away. They went through the Island Bridge gate and into town, not to Ghap-lisod, aa waa at first reported. Captain Greatrex, observing tiro men
on __a-_g—mnd, aad seeing patent leather booteon one of them, Mr Burke, concluded that a robbery had been He immediately afterwards observed Lord F. C-vendiah, who waa lying in the roadway abont three feet from the footway, whue Mr Brake was stretohed on the grass about 15ft behind. Colonel Can-field, in the msantime, had his attention attracted by a man, who gesticulated and called "Murder!" The Lord-Lieutenant was abont to proceed over with him to see what was the matter, but His Exoell-noy was persuaded not to do so lest he might be insulted. Colonel Oauifield went over himaelf, and waa horrified at reeogniring the bodies. Lord Frederick was not quite dead at the time, bn. gasping and eonvoLiively moving to his death struggle. The Colonel asked a policeman who oame np to take charge of the man who had called out, in order that he might be examined, bnt the oonstable unaccountably let him slip. The police had the bodies removed to Steevens' Hospital, which adjoins the King's Bridge terminus of the Great Southern and Western Bailway, not far from the Park gate. Life waa quite extinot when they were removed. Until the bodies were stripped no adequate idea could be formed of the savage malignity with > which the murder had been committed. It may be inferred when it is stated that Lord Fi Cavendish had eight gaping wounds, j In his right armpit was a horrible gash, which he reoeived from a stab in the right shoulder, completely cutting through the arteries and vessels, and it ia behaved causing death by hemorrhage. Under his body, when found in the Park, there waa a very large pool of blood. He had two cuts on the right side over the right scapula, two cats over the second rib in the right breast, and one cut in the centre of the back; a wound, too, in the neok at the right side, and a wound opposite the second rib at the right side. His left arm was almost severed across by a slash of probably a bowie knife, whioh j cut through the bone. He had apparently raised Mb arm to protect himself. Some of the wounds in front were caused by the penetration of the weapons. Mr Burke had no fewer than eleven wounds. He had three wounds in the fingers of his left hand, a terrible wound in the throat three and a half inches deep, whioh severed the jugular vein, a fearful wound at the back, drawn downwards, whioh pierced the breast, and is believed to have been the wound which killed him, and three wounds in front of his chest, besides other wounds, A young man named Jaoob, who was birdnesting in the park, saw the occurrence at a distance of two hundred yards. He stateß that he saw four men drive up on an outside oar after the souffle, and drive away into the trees towards the Hibernian Military School, which lies to the aouth of the Vice-regal Lodge, and is hidden in tall trees. He lost sight of the vehicle, and did not think much of the occurrence. He saw the men act with eaoh other as if playing. There was no noise or criea. The carman remained on the dicky while the struggle proceeded. It did not last for more than two minutes, and'then the toon jumped up on the oar and hurriedly but coolly drove off. £10,000 RBWABD. The following Government proclamation was issued in Dublin on May 9th by the Lord-Lieutenant, General and General* Governor of Ireland,—''Spencer—Whereas Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish, the Chief Secretary, and Thomas Henry Burke, Esq., the Under-Secretary to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, were brutally murdered in the Phcenix Park, in the county of Dublin, on tbe evening of Saturday, May 6th, 1882; and whereas fonr persons are believed to have been concerned in the actual perpetration of these murders. Now we, John Poyntz, Earl Spencer, Lord-Lieutenant, General and Governor-General of Ireland, for the better apprehending such persons and bringing them to justice, are pleased hereby to 'offer a reward of £10,000 to any person or persona who within three months from the date hereof, shall give suoh information as shall lead to the conviction of the murderers, and a further reward of £1000 for such private information within the same time as shall lead to the same result. And we are also pleased hereby to offer to any person concerned in or privy to the murders—not being one of the actual perpetrators thereof—who shall within the same time _dye auch information as shall lead to the conviction of the mnrderen, a free pardon, and the speoial protection of the Crown in any part of her Majesty's dominions."
XHB BBABOH SOB THB _~r_DB— BBS.
As days go by and the assassins of Lord Frederi-k Cavendish and Mr Burke still remain at large, despite the offer of every inducement for their capture, the hope that they will be eventually apprehended grows fainter and fainter. lb is now scarcely possible to donbt that the secret society which planned and carried out the murders is also able to afford protection to the instruments who executed its decrees. A society whioh can do this must not only.be well organised and possessed of large funds, but must exerm_a a dominating influence over vast masses, if not the vast majority, of the Irish population. But for this infiuenoe very actively exercised on behalf of the assassins these miscreants would almost certainly have been brought to jnatioe by this time. It has been stated that the guilty persons could at any moment be pounced upon, but that the deteotives were ounningly weaving their toils around them before seizing their prey. It is all a delusion or a dream conjured up by the excited imagination of a gossiping publio and of those who desire to humor them by the promise of good news. The hope of ever bringing the assassins to justioe is beginning to die out, and the Satience with which eaoh day's expected isolosureiwere awaited being now exhausted, a feeling of bitter disappointment and irritation is bsginning to find vent in complaints against the police and authorities for want of presence of mind and of energy in the first instance. Those complaints, which are to a large extent unreasonable, may have a mischievons effect, beoause they distract the attention of and dishearten the officers, who are straining every nerve to discover the murderers. They oling to the hops that the last proclamation offering £500 reward for information whioh may lead to the arrest of any person found harboring the murderers may open new souroea of intelligence. The Lord-Lieutenant is indefatigable in bis' attention to this and other matters connected with the duties of his offioe. The police atato that they have discovered that on tbe evening of tbe murder a man, who represented himself as a car driver went into a car owner's place in the city and hired a horse and car, the panels of the oar being painted red. The car was returned about half-past eight o'clock the same evening. It had evidently been driven rapidly, and the hoiss was covered with foam. The driver, who was a stranger to the owner of the oar, stated when hiring it that he wonld use his own cushions, a not unusual course when a driver, whose own car may be in course of repair, hires; one temporarily. The oar had been but for abont five hours, and the police have ascertained that shortly before it was returned, and in the same neighborhood four men were seen to get off the car. When the driver brought in the horss and car the men in the yard began to abuse him for driving too hard, and he made off, and has not been heard of since. | The police state that they have a suspicion of whom the carman is, but they have not arrested him. The police rest their hopes on an informer turning np, but should, they be | disappointed in this they say they will arrest the carman whom they suspect. The horse and car has been shown to the witnesses examined at the inquest, but they do not agree as to the identity of either one or the other with the horse and ear seen by them on the night of the murder. It now appears that there is no foundation for the statement that the police are able at i any moment to put their hands on the right i men for the Phoenix Park murders. There is really no additional evidence forthcoming, and there is every reason to believe that the murderers are as far as ever from being made amenable. The belief continues that they have never left ths city, and there is cause for apprehension that at any moment a similar atrocity may be committed. Speoial precautions are being taken for the protection of the officials at the Castle and of the Judges. The members of the judicial bench and the officers of the Crown are being closely watched by the police. Some of the Judges, especially Mr Jnatioe Fit-genid, have been threatened from time to time. The houses of the Assistant Under-Secretary (Dr. Kaye), the Law Adviser (Mr Naiib, Q,&), and others are now closely watched by the detectives. BECK~t_o_r 07 THB HBWS IB XO-TDOS. Intelligence of the murder* spread rapidly in London. At firstit—as received with incredulity, followed by expressions of the strongest indignation. Ihe Cabinet, hastily
summoned, met in the afternoon, and remained in deliberation for several hours. Mr - Forator had called upon tha Prime Minister earlier in the day, and it is annonnoed, offered his services provisionally as Chief Secretary for Ireland. The fallowing paragraph also "appeared in tho "Court Circular":—"Her Majesty received with deep grieLthe horrible news of the assassination of Lord Frederick Cavendish, Chief Secretary, and of Mr Burke, Under-Secretary, far Ireland."
The Queen, on receipt of the news from Mr Gladstone, telegraphed to Lady Frederick Cavendish her great grief at the dreadful outrage that had filled her heart with sorrow.
When the news first reached Mr Gladstone he was at the Austrian Embassy, where, with Mrs Gladstone, he had been dining. Sir William Harcourfc and the Hail of Kimberley were also guests of the Ambassador and Countess Karolyi. Ihe terrible intelligence caused profound consternation and dismay, the party immediately breaking np. Earl and Countess Granville did not receive the Bad and melancholy news till they reached home from dining* with Mr and Mrs Hussey Vivian in Belgrave Square, when they received a communication from the Home Secretary.
Lord Hartington, who was one of -be guests of Lord Northbrook, First Lord of the Admiralty, to meet the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh, did not hear the sad intelligence till he left. Soon afterwards the distressing faot of the assassination of his brother became known to most of the company, who immediately left, overwhelmed with the oal amity. Lady Frederick Cavendish is said to be overwhelmed wish grief at the sad fate of her husband. Mr Gladstone called at Carlton House terrace on his way to Lord Granville's; Mrs Gladstone, Lady Frederick's aunt, and Lord Edward Cavendish also visited the bereaved lady in the afternoon.
THE HUSH FABIJA-CB—TABT PASTY OB THB A-SAssrsrAT-oire.
The following manifesto has been issued by the Irish Parliamentary Party :— » To the People of Ireland.—On the eve of what seemed a bright future for our country, that evil destiny whioh haa apparently pur* sued us for centuries, has struck another blow at onr hopes, which cannot be exaggerated in its disastrous consequence. In this hour of sorrowful gloom we venture to give an expression of our profonndest sympathy with the people of Ireland in the calamity whioh has befallen our cause through a horrible deed, and to those who had determined at the last hour that a policy of conciliation should supplement that of terrorism and national distrust. We earnestly hope that the attitude and action of the whole Irish people will assure the world that an assassination suoh as that whioh has startled us almost to the abandonment of hope for our country's cause is deeply and religiously abhorrent to their every feeling and instinot. We appeal to you to show by every manner of expression possible that amid the Universal feeling or horror whioh this assassination has excited, no people feel so intense a detestation of its atrocity, or so deep a sympathy for those whose hearts must be seared by it, as the nation upon whose prospects' and reviving hopes it may entail consequences more ruinous than have yet fallen to the lot of unhappy Ireland during the present generation. We feel that no aot has ever been perpetrated in our country during the exciting struggles for social and political rights of the past fifty years that has so stained the name of hospitable Ireland as this cowardly and unprovoked assassination of a friendly stranger, and that until the murderers of Lord Frederick Cavendish and Mr Burke are brought to juitios that stain will sully our country's name.—Chas. S.Parhbli., John Drixojr, Miohabl Davitt."
Id—THB FBOM THB QUEEN.
The Queen has shown her sympathy with Miss Burke in the following kind letter :—
" Buckingham Palace, May 10th. " Dear Miss Burke,—Though not personally acquainted with you, I am anxious to express to you again in writing how deep and sincere my sympathy is with yon in this hour of terrible a£_iotion and bereavement, and how muoh I deplore the loss of one who had devoted his life to the service of his sovereign and country so loyally, faithfully, and ably. It is impossible to express tho honor whioh I, in common with the world at large, have experienced at the dreadful event of last Saturday ; and, while nothing can make np to yon and poor Lady Frederick Cavendish the loss of a beloved brother and husband, the universal sympathy whiob|is felt for you may, I hope, be something to you. Trusting that your health may not suffer, and praying that God may support yon, "Believe mc, yours sincerely, " (Signed) VioroaiA B." HBS.AQH FBOM _,-_>_' 7. CAVENDISH. The Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, replying to an address from the Dublin Chamber of Commerce, the other day, after paying an earnest tribute to the memory of Lord F. Cavendish and Mr Burke, said it would be his duty to see that every effort waa made to trace the criminals and to maintain and enforce the law. The Government wonld, at the same time, endeavor to deal liberally with questions like that of arrears of rent, which appear to be retarding tbe restoration of order. His Excellency took occasion to read a letter from Lady Frederick Cavendish, in whioh she said:—" I should be very glad if there can be any means of letting it be known in Ireland, so as to have some good effect, that I wonld never grudge the aacriflca of my darling's life if only it leads to the putting down of the frightful spirit of evil in the land. He would never have grudged it if he could have hoped that his death wonld do more than his life. There does seem some hope of this, and yon are doing all yon can to keep down that dreadful danger of panic and blind vengeance." The Lord-Lieutenant added—"Let these noble Christian principles be our guide at the moment of trial and anxiety. Let it be known in this country that Englishmen are determined to do justice to Ireland, and to promote her welfare with a devotion equal to but not surpassing that which has been so tragically cut short. Then from the darkest night may rise a bright day." During the delivery of these 1 words Earl Spencer was deeply affected, and at certain' parts could scarcely proceed for emotion, whioh was visibly shared by all present, Mr Trevelyan burst into tears, and he was not the only one in the room who did so when the most touching words of the widowed Lady Frederick Cavendish were read.