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FOREIGN.

itiAiY. . : %'i"%s

Wo arc catering off a new period'in tlie Italy. Victor Einanuel is benceforth King of Italy, antf' Kβ- acts arc tie acts ofjtbtfjftole msmy % Count Cavour in a sitting of ihe li^lfaig^^ &Q • :| subject of giving the title of Ktp#.4>f itzifW^itfot ', ,Vj Emmanuel read the following a&tress "Sklossieifs Sj?tfa- ; if

;• teurs." The marvellous events of the last two years hare ilirough a scries of unexpected successes assembled in on< State almost all the scattered members of the nation. T< principalities so differeut from one another and mutually hostile through divergence of views anci political counsels has at length succeeded unity of government on the solid Ibasi3 of the national monarchy The kingdom of Italy n jnowafact; this fact we must affirm before the Italian ipeople and Europe. By the order of his M-jjesty and upon the advice of the council of ministers. I have the ihonour, then, to present to the Senate measures by whicb jthe King our august sovereign, takes for himself and his iHUCcessors the title of the King' of Italy. Faithful interpreter of the national will, already manifested in a thousand ways, Parliament on the solemn day of the royal with the enthusiasm of gratitude tftid affectioUj I saluted Victor Emmanuel 11. King of Italy The Senate [will be happy to be first to give a prompt sanction to the j wishes o¥»eyqry Italian, fend salute with a new title the jnoble dynasty* bbrnHn Italy, illustrious by eight centuries •of glory arid Virtue for which has been reserved by I Divine Providence the honour of avenging misfortunes, j closing wounds, and terminating the era of Italian divisions. ■d3y your vote, gentlemen, you will put an end to the ireeolleetion of provincial jealousies, and you will write the first page of a new national history." MeSsina is now the only strong-hold left to King Francis, and our next papers will probably announce that ibis too has fallen and ihat the whole of Italy and Sicily iare rid" of the Bourbons After the capture of Gaeta, jFrancis aud his queen went to Rome, and according to the 'latest news they were to proceed to Bavaria, and take up Itbeir residenco aUthoChateaudcßans, nearLichteufels situatedat a short distance from Munich and belonging to Duke Maximilian the father of the young queen. ; Tho King of Naples has now two grand difficulties in his way, Homo and VenotJa, and we shall look anxiously foi the course of events in those places which the next mail may announce. Tbe Pope seems already to feel the ground giving way beneath his feet, and to have give;:,^; fliit:Ll^f fl "/ ,^^J n .r^£^ m j wrQT 1 may "perish." he says " bdfc the Papacy will not perish, I may suffer martrydom but the day will come when my sue" jbissors will enter into tho full poseession of thoir rightb" jSaint Peter was crucified and yet I am here." The jquestion will probably be brought to an issue upon a 'addressed to the Italian Parliament by the (inhabitants of Viterbp. This place after being occupied hy tho Piedmontese, was claimed by General Goyon as forming part of St. Peter , * Patrimony, and the principal inhabitants have petitioned to be united with the kingdom of Italy. What the Emperor really intends to dt ban only be guessed at; a semi-official pamphlet written by \M: Dβ Laguerroniere matter stiH more uncerjtain, " The Emperor" he says " cannot sacrifice Italy tc |ihe court of Home, nor tho Papacy to the Revolution." *"**} , The following is the language of the French Senate, in j& projected address to the Emperor, the discussion oi which was to take place on Feb. 28 th :— j " In reference to the affairs of Italy, two interests j i&nioh the Emperor wished to reconcile, have clashed ! against cacti other. The liberty of Italy is in conflict J with tte doiirt of Home. * * * Italy should noj i agitate Europe by tbe exercise of her liberty, and should I tamember thd,t the Cdjtholio world has entrusted to he } 1 hwivJ if lli« Bat our, most steadfast hope i t in your tutelary hand, and in your filial affection for tht •holy cause, which your Majesty will not confound with ;the cause of intrigues, which assume its guise." The ad. I dress concludes by lauding the Emperor as "the most ] Vigilant and faithful sentinel of Rome and the Pontifica] i Government." ; In jthe meantime we are informed that the inhabitants j hf llotho , ore secretly preparing for King Victor | j Emmanuel. J- Vt»netia is, and has been for a long time, eagerly waiting-for an opportunity of declaring herself j and, so , far as we can see the direction which events are taking, it cannot be long before the matter-will come to an issue j On the 25th of February, tho Emperor of Austria signed j fc constitution for his Empire. The Diet, which was i .fcQttfposed of an upper and a lower house, was to have the BjgH,of legislation. The Hungarian constitution was to

v I remain intact. Whether this'eoncession will set the Erne peror free to use his strength in keeping hold of his Italian 'o possessions, we have yet to learn.. If it does, the King of y Italy will have the greatest and most dangerous part of 3, his task to perform: for nothing but downright defeat d would then persuade the Emperor to relinquish his *» Italian possessions. Unless, indeed, he can be persuaded n to adopt {he step which has been suggested, and which at d present he ignores, namely, to sell his rights in Venetia c to Italy for a sum of money. h The most enconraging event which had happened for s the Italians was the passing of the following resolution in '- the Prussian Chamber:—" That we do not consider it to a be either in the interest of Prussia, or in the interest of 1 Germany, to p 7 a -.o obst icles in the way of the consolidation i, of the unity of Italy." This resolution drew from the c Foreign Minister, Baron yon t chleinitz, the declaration c that the Prussian Government had not the least reason 5 to be opposed to the development of Italy; and that they s would, for the future, avoid actively interfering with the 7 Italian movement, so long as it remained a national move- , ment, and did not acquire such an extension as might • render any active interference necessary, by reason. s namely, of its reaching, or expressly claiming, any por--5 tion of German Federal territory. On the whole there seemed good reason to hope that ; the war, if ever It shoiild break ont would be confined to : the nations interested in it, and that we should be spared, what once seemed inevitable, a general European war, if . this should be so, and if the Italians are left to fight out their own liberty in their own way no one can have any fear for the result ; and the era which is just commencing may be the happiest as it certainly will be whether they succeed or fail/! tho most glorious in the history of Italy.

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FOREIGN. Press, Volume I, Issue 1, 25 May 1861

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