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XEROTINE SICCATIVE AND GAS IN COAL BUNKERS.

The report of the Committee appointed by the Lords of the Admiralty to inquire, in connection with the loss of Her Majesty's ship Doterel, into the subject of explosions of gas in coal bunkers and as to the explosive power of xerotine siccative has been published in the form of a Blue-book/ The Committee report that the solvent which has been employed in the liquid dryers known as xerotine siccative consists of the more volatile products of the distillation of petroleum, commonly known as petroleum sjnrit or kerosine. This liquid product is composed of a mixture of light petroleum oils, the most volatile of which evaporate freely at temperatures varying between 50deg. aud 80deg. (Fahrenheit) . If therefore this liquid be exposed to air at ordinary temperatures inflammable vapour will escape readily and rapidly from its surface, aud if it be thus exposed in a confined space, tlie air which the latter encloses will become impregnated by the inflammable vapour with a rapidity jn-opor--1 innate to the prevailing temperature, and to an extent sufficient to produce in a more or Jess brief period a rapidly inflammable mixture or an explosive mixture it* tlie quantity of liquid which evaporates bears the liuucssary relation to the voluin-* of oxygen contained in the enclosed atmospheric air. The explosive mixture produced is, in fact, quite analogous in its nature and behaviour to a mixture of coal gas or of firedamp and air, aud is capable of prod uci ii-' similarly violent and destructive explosions. Tho experiments whicli the Committee made led them , to tlie conclusion that the explosion wliich resulted in the loss of the , Doterel had been brought about by the production of such a large body of flame as had ignited the powder in he magazine of the ship. ;

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/BOPT18840311.2.12

Bibliographic details

XEROTINE SICCATIVE AND GAS IN COAL BUNKERS., Bay of Plenty Times, Volume XIII, Issue 1659, 11 March 1884

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XEROTINE SICCATIVE AND GAS IN COAL BUNKERS. Bay of Plenty Times, Volume XIII, Issue 1659, 11 March 1884

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