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THE Bay of Plenty Times.


; Wednesday, Jun:e 26,' 1878. • ■ l : «*»- !__• ; .

Though the precise provisions of the Native Lands Bill, which the Govern- ' nient intends to introduce during the approaching' • session have ' not. yet been made ikiiown to the public; some : of the main features have been comiinunicated to us from a private source. ■ Amongst these will be the individualisation of titles to all blocks of land above a minimum area. The limit proposed by the Government is 1,000 acres;, but, of course, this will | have to be fixed by the House when i the measure shall pass into CommitteeIt, is also proposed to prohibit all sales >" until after the issue of Crown Grants, thus giving to individuals, and small associations in the form of 7iapits, the power of disposing of their lands according to their wishes, instead oi being over-ridden by the 'mana and influence of dominant chiefs, who frequently appropriate to their own individual use and benefit the lion's share of the proceeds, and defraud the members of their tribe of their personal shares. This was the case in respect to the alienation of the , Omokoroa Block, and some others. It will, therefore, be the object of the Legislature, in the new Act, to protect the individual rights of owners, and to prevent speculators from securing unjust bargains by exerting • influence over dominant chiefs.

The Canterbury Eeform Association has published a brief manifesto which comprises the following programme : 1. Manhood Suffrage— All citizens of the age of 21 years, who have resided in the Colony twelve and three months consecutively iif any Electoral District, to hq entitled to bo registered as: electors, in that district. 2. Revision of the " Registration of Electors Act.'! "... ,".'."' 3. Basis' of representation to be popular. ■4. General Elections of the Colony. — Elections in each district to take place on the same day. Voting to be by ballot. No person to have more than one vote. 5. ' Reduction of indirect taxation, and the imposition of a Property and Income Tax/ 6. Triennial Parliaments. 7. Members of Parliament to be paid. ; 8. Education.— Free, non- denominational, and compulsory.' 9. Reform of Land Laws. 10. To oppose the attempts of Acclimatisation Societies to enforce Game Laws. The third of these proposals would impose some injustice upon the out-dis-tricts, and the fourtll appears to exclude : property from, its fair share in the choice of representatives of Parliament, if the fifth, providing for. a Property and Income Tax, were adopted. The reduction of indirect taxation is a necessity which has become so palpable from the anomalies in the existing fiscal system,_ and the fact that at present the burdens fall most heavily upon the shoulders of those who are least- entitled, and least able to i bpar them, that a reformation cannot be much longer delayed. Triennial Parliaments will bring representatives niore under the control of the constituencies than at present, and will afford a remedy for that state of things which enables many .members of the Legislature to continue .in Parliament after they have long since forfeited the confidence of those whom they misrepre sent. . The payment of members may be a dangerous experiment in a now country, with strong democratic tendencies, and without a safe chrek in the form of a Conservative element, but would possess the advantage of bringing many men to' the front who s ate now precluded from entering Parliament. The reform of the Land Laws will engage " the attention of Parliament next session, and the necessity of putting a check upon the wjhims of ■ Acclimatisation Societies is sufficiently demonstrated by the repeated protests which have emanated from farmers and residents in the out-districts. On the 30th instant it will devolve on the various local bodies throughout

the -colony including Counties,, Municipalities, Jload Boards, and Committees, to undertake the distribution of charitable aid. - . Tho Government some time ago forwarded a [notifica-tion-to those bodies that the; existing system would be replaced- by local control on the date specified ; the Government, however, being prepared to askj Parliament for a subsidy of 20s. J equal to every 20s. subscribed. The ' principal . motive which is urged by the Government in making the change is that of economy. It is contended that the existing system fosters extravagance by creating unnecessary "billets," and largely increasing the • cost] of administration; and that there is a want of discrimination in distributing charitable aid which tends to. pauperise the population of the cities. It is hoped, therefore, that the new system, by providing for local und vigilant supervision, and by giving the subscribers a direct interest in economical administration will produce a considerable saving, and render the institutions themselves . more efficient. The alteration \rr&, doubtless, evoke some temporary dissatisfaction, but, judiciously applied, 1 it ought to work well. In this community we have no charitable institu--1 tions, and distress of a really serious • character only exists in isolated cases, 1 and then arises irom temporary causes.

The Poverty Bay Standard of June \ the 20th, devotes a leading article, to.. : fulsome adulation of ' the Native i Minister, coupled with invidious asi persions upon the memory of the late . Sir Donald McLean, which are as are- , . nmrkable for bad taste as they are for want of truth. JVc deny that the late Sir i Donald McLean was regarded by his friends as " the Vicarious Saviour in. L whose person alone all power and ihi fluence centred;" that they supposed • that with his death, " New Zealand : would crumble to pieces amid the turmoil of confusion and strife ;" aud that after " his attainment to the Pinnacle of Fame," &c, &c. Indeed we are loath to believe that any who entertained any respect for the- late Native Minister could have thought anything so foolish, or could have clothed their thoughts in any such " high-faluting" and bombastic, claptrap. To eulogise the dead it is not necessary to insult the living. While we are free to admit that the late Sir Donald McLean was not perfect;, we think that such comparisons as are indulged in by our contemporary, exhibit a singular of that good taste which protects the memory of the absent and the dead from vulgar insult.

; focal mib (Seneral.

Typhoid fever prevails amongst the settlers ■ of Wairoa, Hawke's Bay. ' ; Mr Louis R. James, of Auckland, Q.C.E, [ fame, has set up in hia old line at Dargaville. ! _ The Borough of Gisborne. anticipates that its revenue for the ensuing year will amount ' to £1,808. - 1 Provincial District auditors are now authorised to frank, free of postage, letters and parcels sent on public service. A new business notice by Mr William Ratra 7) general draper, and silk mercer, appears in another column. Yesterday being St. John's Day, the various Masonic Lodges in the colony observed the usual ceremonies at. high noon. A lunatic named Alfred Holmes deliberately smashed a number of panes of glass in the Government Buildings, at Gisborne, th» other day. ; -. • Mr Creagh, we are informed, has satisfactorily completed the survey of a large block ■ of land at Okouie, on the trig system. Captain Gilbert Mair arrived here from Opotiki on Sunday evening, and returned on Monday afternoon. Alexander Campbell, who was charged with administering arsenic to John B. Smith, at the Whau, with intent to murder him, was^ _ discharged. - A case of defamation of character in which the damages are laid at £5,000 will come before the Supreme Court at Napier, at its next sitting. Mr R. C. Jordan, as Engineer to the District Highway Boards invites tenders, receivable until Saturday next, for repairs to the Omanawa road, in terms of specifications to he- seen at hia office. . A notice in the Gazette of June 13th, ord. n a re-hearing of the claims of Mere Raihi, and others, to land oalled Taitai, which was dealt with by the Land Court, at Waiomatatini, on April 2nd. The New Zealander is responsible for the statement that at a recent ball at Raglan, Tawhiao selected a European lady as his partner, and participated in. the dancing until 2 o'clock in the morning. Poverty Bay has been lately visited by . - Hene Kumekume, one of Te Kooti's wives. She escaped from the attack made by the Ngatiporou in the Uriwera country in 1873, and has since lived in the Waikato. Mr Floyd, the skilful Government electrioian, has been unavoidably detained at Tauranga by bad weather, during the past few days, but visits Katikati on public service on the first opportunity i Several mew settlers for Katikati have also been similarly detained. We understand that an area comprising-half-a-million acres of land, awaits investigation at the Native Lands Court, which is to sit at Opotiki on the 18th instant. .Mr Warbrick will act as Government interpreter ' during the proceedings. . . ;

The Union Steamship Company propose, to purchase a 15 knot steamer in England, to run between Wellington and Lyttelton. It is expected that the trip will be made in fine weather in under 12 hoursTenders, receivable at the office of the R.M., until July Bth, are invited for the purchase of an old building, the property of the Government, at Pukeroa, Ohinemutu. Tenders must be accompanied by the amount offered in cash or marked cheque. A native was summoned the other day, but did not appear. A bailiff interviewed the noble savage, and requested him to stump up the amount of the judgment and costs. The Maori smiled and said: — "What for P Me no tell him summons jne ; me no tell him get interpreter ; me no want go to Court. Kaore me pay." The Sydney Morning Herald has lately published a series of well-written sketches, by a tourist, on Tauranga and the Lake Country. The writer speaks highly vi the climate and prospects of this district, and gives a glowing description of the wonderland of New Zealand. A shepherd at Mount Stuart, Otago, recently became insane, and shortly af terwerds expired, from the effects of inhaling poisonous gas contained by the carcase of a bullock which had died on the range through eating tutu, and which he. afterwards skinned. Judge W^pn was a passenger per Rowena for AuckldP|ron Monday evening, but will return on Friday to commence his duties in connection with the Tauranga Lands Act. Mr Wilson went to Auckland to complete some business which required his presence there. The Government of New South Wales has issued a regulation prohibiting the importation of stud stock, unless it be accompanied by a certificate by the Chief Inspector of Stock, in the Colony whence the stock is shipped, that the stock is the produce of one of the Australian Colonies, or of New Zealand. Here is some information for consumeis of British beer. An English journal, entitled The Colonies, says: — "Out of 89 samples of beer, and of materials used in the brewing of beer, examined last year by the Inland Revenue authorities, 61 were either adulterated or consisted of illegal ingredients," The Neio- Zealand Times reviews, the prospects of the Opposition during the coming session, but cannot fix upon anyone who will be likely to lead a strong party. The article concludes thus ; — " The truth is, the Opposition as a body is broken up, and during this Parliament we shall not see the party restored, if we do in the next." A Maori swell at Rangitikei bought a number of sashes, crowns, gold fringe, and other Good Templary insignia, at a sale there, and paraded about the streets in all the gorgeousness of his gay trappings. At length he turned into a public house, decorations and all, and began to imbibe rather freely. A new recipe for washing dishes is given by a lady writing to the New York Times, Bhe says : — Have your water quite hot and add a very little milk to it. This softens the water, gives the dishes a fine gloss, and preserves the hands ; it removes the grease, even that from beef, and no grease is found floating on the water as when soap is used. It may be information to some of our readers. to leaiin that for {! shouting. a glass of grog to a native in. an outlying district a person is liable to a fin& not exceeding £50 or six months' imprisonment. Mr Henry James, sheep-farmer, of Gisborne, was lately fined in the mitigated penalty of £1 and costH, for giving a native woman, named Pipi, a nip of whisky at Wanga on Queen's Birthday. lie the re-call, as it has been diplomatically termed, of Judge Rogan, the Napier Telegraph explains thus : — The re-appointment of Mr. Rogan to his office as Judge of the Native Lands Court is due, we hear, to the necessity of his signature to memorials of ownership adjudicated upon by him, and to other papers relating to his past duties." We direct the attention of those interested in horticulture to the announcement of Mr P. Herbert, which appears in our advertising columns. Mr Herbert is prepared to promptly execute, in a workmanlike manner, all orders for planting, pruning, and propogation of trees and plants, and to perform all description of garden work. Mr Alfred King, Government Life Insurance Agent, was a passenger for Aucklaud, per s.B. Taupo, on Saturday last. Mr King has been making a canvassing tour on the East Coast, and -has succeeded in bringing a large amount of grist to the mill, . During only half-an-hour's stay in Tauranga he contrived to take two or three lives. We are glad to see an old journalist succeeding in his new sphere. Mr Charles Harley writes a letter to the editor containing a correction of an alleged error in our report of the case of " Harley v. Faulkner," heard' in the R.M. Court, on Friday. w Mr Harley contends that the evidence-by Mr James Toping shewed that Faulkner lifted the log on the boat, causing the latter to list over; and that in his crossexamination he stated that Faulkner lifted the lightest end on the gunwale of the boat. MrW. Herepath, of Bristol, makes the public acquainted with an easy method, of proving whether kerosine oil is dangerous or not. Let two orthree- drops be allowed to fall upou a plate or saucer, and apply to them a lighted match ; if the flame spreads over the surface of the drops the oil should on no account be used,. as it. will under many "circumstances prove explosive. The genuine kerosene or petroleum will not burn except upon a wick. Attention has already been called in these columns to an advertisement by Mr Rees, M.H.R., requesting natives not to sign their names to any documents at the request of Europeans, but to transact their business through him. This notification has evoked a counterblast from Messrs J. S. Macfarlane, and the Rev. Leonard Williams, the executors of the late Captain Read. These gentlemen invite claimants to send in their demands under cover to Mr George Lawrence, "in order to avoid the expense of law and lawtyers." A native letter in reply to this states that' during seven or eight years, nothing has been Baid as to amicably arranging the difficulties in connection with the lands that have been unjustly wrested from the natives, and they state that they themselves requested the lawyers to como to the district and act for them. Te Wananga makes this letter the basis of a strong attack upon Messrs Macfarlane and Williams.

Horowhenna, where the ship Hyderabad lias gone*' ashore, as described in our last night's telegrams, is not si dangerous coast. It consists for the most part of shallow sandy beaches, on which a heavy sea rolls in bad weather. It is to be hoped that during the approaching session a sum of money will be voted to I provide a small steam dredge to clear the Narrows. There is now a sharp turn in the channel, which might easily be straightened, and Captain Kennedy, when on a recent trip to this port,, expressed his opinion that the money cost would be inconsiderable. Even the passage of the Union Company's steamers has already had the effect of disturbing the deposit. Captain Morris should turn his atention to this subject next session. Two days before the great native meeting at Hikuranga, Te Kooti came to the settlement with about twenty followers, all wellarmed, and mounted, and endeavoured to preach his new religion in front of the Hauhau wharo karakia, but he was promptly ordered off by Te Ngakau. " The Hawkes Bay Herald now says : — Information from Native sources from Waikato speaks strongly of the decline of Tawhiao'a influence. The old Maori mode of worship, as amended and taught by him, is becoming unpopular. He endeavoured to get Te Kooti to join this faith, but the latter refused. The religion taught by Te Kooti, founded on portions of the Old Testament, is becoming more popular everyday. Many pilgrimages are being made to the high, priest, who prophesies his return to this district, Mb birthplace, within three years." ' ..•••- Looking at the importance of education in a young and growing community like Tauranga, we think the Central Board of Education might .exhibit more liberality than it now does in the matter of providing school accommodation. During, the winter months the distance of the existing common school from the centre of the town will be a matter of serious inconvenience,, amounting, in wet weather, to abnost, a prohibition of full attendance of scholars.' The proper remedy for the existing state of things is to remove the school to a more central- site, which might be obtained by # selling the present school ground, and investing the proceeds in the purchase of a site on the town side of the pound; and if necessary, the Education Board should grant a small subsidy, so as to bring the amount up to what would, be required to provide a. sufficient play-gound.. The formation of another school would not meet the existing difficulty, as it would only result, for sometime to come, in the existance of two inferior schools, and a depreciation of the standard of education and efficiencey. "We do not agree with those who think that the establishment of a central school would injure the existing private schools. At present the inconvenience falls most hardly upon the children whose parents are not in a position to afford the expense of private tuition. " A Leap Year Tragedy."— They stood together in the entry beneath the hall lamp. "Then, Henry," she said in a low voice wherein were blended determination, melancholy, and love, "you refuse my suit?" " Yes, Ella," he replied, in accents that were firm, though the speaker's voice trembled. " I admire you ; I will be a brother to you, and watch with pride your course through life, and if ever trouble should befall you, there will be at least one friend to whom you can come for succour ; but I can never, never be your husband." "It is not because lam poor, Henry ? For, oh, if that were all, I could, toil gladly from morn till night for you, and strive to win a home for you, humble it might be, but our own." It is useless to attempt to induce me to change my determination. Though lam but a poor, weak man, I can never, never change my mind." " Then, cruel young man, so fair and yet so false, farewell. To-morrow you will see mymangled remains on the lecture platform, and know that it has been your work. But it will be too late," and, clasping her bosom in wild embrace, she fled into the outer darkness. — Oh icargo Tribune. Settlers wishing to buy furniture ■ and clothing of all kinds will find just what they want at the "City Hall Arcade. It is the largest establishment of the kind in Auckland. The proprietors study the interests of country buyers in having furniture made to take to pieces, and thus save freight by packing in a small compas. There is always a large stock of bedroom furniture to select from, and bedding of all sizes. Dining and drawing room suites always on' view. The immense trade done at the Arcade is due to the cheapness and durability of their ware, also to the great care taken in packing country orders. The largest stock of carpets in Auckland. Holloway and G-arlick have a large staff of first - class cabinet hands constantly at work, and invite' intending purchasers to inspect their stock before buying elsewhere. Orders accompanied by a remittance faithfully attended to by Hollo way and Garlick, City Hall Furniture Arcade, Queen Street, Auckland. — [Advt]

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THE Bay of Plenty Times., Bay of Plenty Times, Issue 602, 26 June 1878

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THE Bay of Plenty Times. Bay of Plenty Times, Issue 602, 26 June 1878

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