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The Bruce Herald. "Nemo me impune lacessit." TOKOMAIRIRO, JUNE 3, 1868.

Shortly after the election of our Superintendent, we took occasion to congratulate our readers upon the prospect of a speedy commencement of the Southern Railway — a hope induced by the prompt appointment of Mr Young 1 to negotiate for its construction by English capitalists. We are, however, getting every day more confirmed that our congratulations were premature, as it seems extremely probable that after all, the mission of Mr Young to England for that purpose is about to prove a failure. This fact is undoubtedly a most interesting and important one to every colonist of Otago, and, we think, it would be very requisite if they were enlightened as to the causes for it. Were the Government to publish the letters they have had from Mr Young, little harm and much positive good might result- Besides they owe it to the public. We are, of course, not acquainted with the reasons for the failure of the project hitherto, but we believe it necessary and desirable to offer a few remarks connected

with this proposed railway, which may induce the attention of our Government, the Provincial Council, and the public generally to the subject. We are comparatively ignorant, and probably the public are much more so, with respect to the terms upon which Mr Youngwas to offer the guarantee to the company he might get to consider favorably of the venture. We are unable to solve, for instance, such questions as these : — Seeing that the Company are guaranteed a per centage on their outlay, and that of course it is their interest to do as little work as possible in securing it; what' stipulations were th* Company bound to fulfil with respect to the Railway when made ? How many trains were to be run daily ? What the fare for passengers, and what for goods ? The merest tyro in the history of railways must know or has heard of the madness of railway directors. Now, on such a line as the one in question, and in a country circumstanced as this is, it would be probably judicious to run trains at a quasi sacrifice for a time, to assist struggling industries, with the ultimate view of increased traffic and profit. How little likely this is to be done will be but too evident from the remembrance of railway policy at home. The North British Line was at one time accustomed to carry goods at a rate just sufficient to drive the carriers off the road, and this done, to raise rates to a figure far beyond what were charged by the carriers. Such was the evidence «'iven by a witness on a Parliamentary Committee some years ago. Many other instances of a like nature could be advanced, and the fac.t that the public are grievously imposed upon, has long been admitted. Again, in order to know what per centage will be due by the Province in terms of the guarantee j what plan, if any has been agreed upon to ensure correctness in the accounts and statements of the future company ? How Railway Companies can falsify their accounts, and can delude their shareholders with swindling statements, we need not endeavor to show. Railway morality, as every one knows, is like many of their shares, — at a discount— (in the moral world there are no railways) and we are convinced it will require some ability and supervision to guard against perplexing trouble on this point. Such are some of the things which may occur to enquirers, but there are other reflections in reference co the plan itself of guaranteeing that may be made. Fur instance, it is a fact, that wherever it has been tried, the result has been rather equivocal. In Italy, the system has been tried lately to some extent, and distrust and lawsuits have followed in its wake. There is already a difficulty with the Dunedin Water Works Company. It is a plan which is but seldom followed, and presumably on that account of doubtful expediency. At the time when Railways were established in Victoria, there were as able financiers as any now in New Zealand, and Victorian Railways were not guaranteed. The cost of maintaining the Southern Railway Line is also another subject of vast importance; we ask, — Have any measures been suggested or provided against the destructive influences of the periodical floods we may reason ibly anticipate ? If not, some portions of it are likely to be undermined and washed away, and may vanish accordingly some morning like the '* baseless fabric of a vision." Most complicated questions cannot but arise, and complicated questions should be avoided. We have no wish to write exhaustively on the subject, but our end will be attained if careful attention is directed to it, lest when the expensive work has been completed, we shall find ourselves stript of its presumed benefits, and our character as a Province for sagacity gravely compromised. We shall only add that the best way in our opinion to get Railways in New Zealand, will be found to be, in the General Government borrowing- the money, in their handing it over to the Provincial Government to work (the arms of Mr Richmond) and in the latter, perhaps, leasing the same when made, under carefully considered conditions, to good men and true- That is, presuming* our] Provincial Government does not become self extinguished before that era of progress is initiated.

A telegram was received last evening, stating that Mr James Smith, Barrister, has been retained for the defence, in the case of the Bank of New Zealand v. Longhurst and M 'Master. i It is with extreme regret we are called upon to announce the death of Mr Herbert AmeliuS Julius, late member of the Provincial Council for the township of Oamaru. Mr Julius, it will be remembered, was one of the gentlemen deputed by the Government to proceed to Melbourne, on a special mission t© secure if possible a visit to this Province from his Royal Highnem the Duke of Edinburgh- Since his return from that mission, the health of Mr Julius has not been in a satisfactory state, but it was not until the last few days that it had been such to cause uneasiness and anxiety to his friends. Since Thursday lastMr Julius had been gradually sinking, ahd expired on Sunday evening at half past five o'clock- Mr Julius was in the very prime of life, being the most robust in appear, ance, as the most gentlemanly in deportment, of all the representatives of the Province; and proved a useful and valued member of the Provincial Council, in which, he had sat for two sessions. His place will not be easily filled ia that assembly, and his loss will be severely felfc by a large circle of friends, especially in Oamaru and the northern portions of the Province, by whom he was universally esteemed and respected. The last occasion on which he addressed tho House, to our knowledge, was upon the Sheep Bill, in the discussion of the various clauses of which his great practical knowledge of the subject enabled him to speak with confidence. Mr Julius was, perhaps, the most promising member of the House ; and was being constantly subjected to the taunts (not always discreet, anymore than truthful or gentlemanly), of the Provincial Secretary, while smarting under the vigorous and telling home-thrusts of Mr Julius j and, we are led to believe, that these persoual attacks of the Provincial Secretary quickened his bodily infirmities. To all appearance Mr Julius had a long life and a bright political career before him, and the public, with ourselves, will not fail to deplore his premature and untimely death. > A meeting of the Inch Clutha District Library Committee was held in the School, on the evening of Wednesday, the 27th ult., — Mr Anderson in the chair. Mr Grigor reported that he proceeds of the subscriptions, lectures, and concert, after debucting the expense of advertising, &c, amounted to £46 12s scl. Of this sum £25 had been paid in to the Provincial Treasury, leaving a balance of £21 12s sd, and that, in consequence of the stock of books available for public librariss in the possession of the Government at present being very limited, only about one-seventh of the hundred pounds worth of books ordered had been received, but that the rest would be pot in a few months. It was resolved that a course of monthly lectures be given in the school, and that the proceeds be applied to make up the Committee's share (£SO) of the price of the books, and provide a suitable bookcase. Notice of the lectures will be given in forthcoming advertisements. On Thursday evening last, Mr W. L. M'Kay, of the Taieri Ferry Hotel, was waited upon by a number of his neighbours, settlers iv the Waihola and surrounding districts, and presented by Mr James Sinclair, in the name of the donors, with a haudsome Illustrated Family Bible. Mrs M'Kay was also indented, at the same time, by Captaiu Irvine, with a beautiful Gold Locket. These appropriate gifts were presented in token of the appreciation and esteem which Mr and Mrs M'Kay have secured for themselves during their tenancy of the above Botel for the past eighteen months. The presentations were made on the eve of their departure for England, per • E. P. Bouverie,' en route for their native land, British North America, where a patrimony awaits their young family. These valuable gifts proved as acceptably as they were unexpected, and they will be treasured as a souvenir of their New Zealand experiences, and will be held in estimation as the most precious of family heirlooms. We trust that this honorable example may exercise a beneficial effect upon the hotelkeepers of Otago, who, as a class, exhibit somewhat too predominately moaey-grubbing propensities, to the exclusion of other qualities required in such, an occupation. Oub East Taieri correspondent informs us that a Rifle Match took place on Saturday last, at the Taieri Volunteer's Butts, near the Junction, between seven senior members of the company and nine junior members, resulting in the victory of the former by 27 points, the score being—Seniors, 168 ; Juniors, 141. The day was bitterly cold and boisterous ; we therefore hope the young blood will not feel discouraged by their want of success, although their score, under the circumstances, was very fair indeed ; and probably the next trial of skill, with more favourable weather, may result in a turning of the tables, by the Juniors proving the victors. A Rifle Match I otween the East and West Taieri Corps, with'n the next fortnight, is under siderationAx the Congregational meeting held in the Presbyterian Church, Tokomairiro, on Thursday last, for the purpose of considering what steps should be taken to give assistance to the Rev. A. B. Todd, rendered necessary by his delicate health, and the very extensive and numerously populated district he presides over, it was resolved, on the motion of Mr J. L. Gillies, seconded by Mr James Adam — That the Deasons' Court should take measures to organise and establish a separate charge, to comprise the Lovell's Flat, Glenore, and Tuakitoto districts, as quickly as possible, and that, in the meantime, the same Court be instructed and authorised to procure the best obtainable assistance. Our Reporter having this week traversed the road from Dunedin to Tokomairiro. informs na that it is ai present in very bad condition, especially from Otakia to the East Taieri Bridge, reminding him forcibly of the state of the same portionof road shortly after the rush to Gabriel's Gully, in 1861. How the Mail and Cobb's coaches manage to keep time lie confesses to be a puzzler, and remarks that the bad roads are caused by the drays conveying metal for the road repairs, which work, he considers, might have with more advantage been performed previous to the breaking up of the weather. As it is, the toll payer and road maintainer suffer the disadvantage of the heavy roads, while the road contractor himself must have hia labours very considerably increased, by carting the metal over the deep ruts, which will afterwards remain to be filled up by him;

The late wet and wintry weather has sufficiently proved the great value of the comfortably gravelled walks on each side of the Main South Road through Milton, and the public should appreciate the work done by the Town Council. However, there is one part towards the south end of the Township, which although in the Town, is nob yet under the care of the public representatives, and the unfortunate "outlaws," who reside there, are; daily compelled to "swatter" through slush ankle deep until they reach terra, fo-ma. We apprehend that a promise was made by the proprietor of the portion alluded to, to complete the work of forming and gravelling in the like satisfactory manner as the Council, from the termination of the boundary of this lopsided town, at the "Great Britain" Hotel onwards to the Bridge. We would suggest that what is to be done, had better "be done quickly, and confer a comfort upon the few residents on his property, who already labour under sufficient discomforts without this, admitting of simple removal by the carting of a few loads of gravel. We have heard numerous complaints from the residents in and around Ossian-street, with respect to the unfinished state of the footpaths, and we really think some steps should be takenjby the Council to complete one side of it at least, and so make it on a par with High-street. We have much pleasure in directing the attention of our Tokomairiro readers to the intimation elsewhere, that the second of a course of lectures under the auspices of the Tokomairiro Young Mens' Mutual Improvement Association will be delivered on Monday next, the Bth of June at 7 pm, in the Presbyterian Church, Milton. The subject of the lecture is an interesting one, and specially so at the present time, when the railway system is about to be introduced into Otago. The lecturer, John Hislop, Esq., is so well known and respected, that we require not to urge the attendance of all who can possibly accomplish it. The rate of ad- j mission is reduced, and with those to whom this , is a consideration, it presents an opportunity of passing an agreeable evening, combined with the I certainty of receiving instruction, which should I not be omitted. The Criminal Session of the Supreme Court, Dunedin, commences to-day, before his Honor, Mr Justice Chapnnin. The following is the list of the prisoners for trial: — Joseph Allan» stealing from the person at Dunedin ; Alexander Clark, indecent assault at Oainaru ; Oscar Clason, forging and uttering a forged cheque at Oamaru ; Corfitz Cronquest, obtaining money under false pretences at Arrow Town ; Moss Davis, receiving stolen property, Dunedin j Jno M'Lauchlan Hughes, burglary at Dunedin; William Marshall, ebtaining money by false pretences at Tuapeka ; Samuel Symms, obtaining money under false pretences at Dunedin ; John Symms, stealing money t from the person at East Taieri ; John Wilton, stealing money at Kilinog ; Martin Wallace, stealing watches at Oamaru. The following persons have been admitted to Bail : — Wi'liam Besemere, libel at Dunedin j Israel Wendel, fraudulent bankruptcy at Dunedin;. Charles White, caltle stealing at Lawrence ; Emma Henrietta Webb, stealing from a dwel'iug at Tuapeka ; WiLiam Longhurdt, forgery at Tokomairiro ; Hugh M 'Master, forgery at Tokomairiro. In an article advocating the establishment of a Market and Corn Exchauge, the 'Oamaru Times' says: — "TheGrai'. aud Seed Show recently held in Oamaru, brought out all the more forcibly the advantages which nu^lit be expected to accrue from the establishment of a Farmer's Club, or some cognate institution which would provide facilities for agriculturists to meet together and compare notes as to the results of their experience in the treatment of certain soils, the cultivation of the different kinds of farm produce, the. best mode of treatment to be adopted to prevent the occurrence of diseases in ■ grain, or for its cure ';£ such diseases occur — the breeds of cattle and sheep best suited for particular districts, and the best grasses for permanent pasture on the various soils. Thex'e is now no opportunity of obtaining the co'Qcctive result of the experience gained by the farmers of the district, the intercourse of most being principally confined to their near neighbours. Had we even a recognised Corn Exchange or Market, held at a set time and plaes, there would be some such opportunity for the dissemination of much valuable information ; but as we have neithei' it is much to be desired that steps should be initiated to provide what is felt t'J be a great desideratum to agriculturists. There is another point of view, in which the establishment of a recognised Market-day and a Corn Exchange is very desirable, viz-, the being able to fix with a much greater degree of accuracy than is at present possible, the market price of the various descriptions of agricultural produce. FeoM recent circumstances which have occurred, we deem it inexpedient to publish the communication signed ".Another Elector." To make the <# Sixpenny Readings" movement a'complete and pleasant success, the Committee resolved to purchase a good piano, and the public must have been greatly gratified by the music played last night. This purchase has, however, involved a considerable outlay, and towards its liquidation we confidently appeal to the public for such donations as they may feel disposed to offer. The Secretary and Treasurer of Committee, Mr. Boss, will be ready to receive all voluntary offers of pecuniary assistance. An Inquest was held on Saturday last, at the Lower Taieri Hotel, before John Dewe, Esq., on ' the remains of a human body found on the j Taieri Beach by Mr Charles Morgan, and which were conjectured to be those of one of the two men who took away Mr Harris's boat in January last. It will be remembered that one of the bodies was found shortly after, and an inquest held thereon. The remains just discovered consisted of a complete human skeleton, the flesh and clothing being thoroughly decomposed, with the exception of the .legs, which were covered with a pair of drawers. A scarf was also suspended to the bones of the neck, and from which circumstance John Bull, one of the witnesses, was led to believe that the remains were those of t\e Honorable Mr Parry, son of the Earl of Limerick, who was presumed to be one of the two -men who were lost last January. Mr M'Kay, late of the Taieri Hotel, .does not, however,' 'favour this conjecture, as two men, evidently sailors, purchased some provisions at his store on the evening previous to the fatal boat accident, and which were found in' the neighbourhood of the body formerly discovered.

A recent visitor to the Tapanui district informs us tbat uumistakeable signs already exist of the immediate intention of not a few of the recent land purchasers, to cultivate their sections without delay. Messrs M'Coll, Buchan and Co., are about to erect a second and more extensive steam saw mill. The desirability of an immediate dissolution of the Provincial Council is strongly felt even in this outlandish district. We are informed on good authority that the electors of Tuapeka are about to call upon their member of Council, Mr John Hughes, to resign the trust which they had confided to him, from a general impression that their best interests have been betrayed by him. The feeling of want of confidence in the present Ministry is equally strong, so that the requisition calling upon Mr Hughes to resign is likely to be very numerously signed. We notice that a correspondent, writing to the ' Western Post,' suggests that a grand Wool Show should be held at Sydney during the coming season, the prizes to be made up by a sweepstake of £5 or £10 a bale. It yet remains to be seen how the woolgrowers of that colony will receive the proposal, but it ought to be taken up and acted upon if they have any spirit. If the idea is carried out, most probably the competition will be made intercolonial, in which case no doubt some of our sheepowners will take up the challenge, and try how their wool looks beside the best of that grown in the sister colony. The 'New Zealand Gazette' of the 11th ultimo contains a notification that the resignation by William Sefton Moorhouse, Esq., of his office as Superintendent of Canterbury, has been accepted by the Governor. By a proclamation in a 'Gazette' of 15th ultimo, the General Assembly is further prorogued until the 23rd June. Ere this time, we believe, from accounts in Heme papers, the demolition of the Universal Exhibition in the Champ de Mars will have been completed, and not a vestige of the great world's fair will be left as a memento of its fame and grandeur. With respect to the culture of Flax, we learn from Geelong papers that the Bellerine Flax Comclany anticipate, by tlie sale of seed alone, to meet all their current expenses this season, the proceeds of the sale of the fibre to go to dividend account. From thirty to forty acres have been sown altogether, bnt too eate fully to reap the benefits of the crop. A Melbourne firm has offered to purchase the seed for the manufacture of oil cake, or to crush the same for the company. Patriotism, says the ' Australasian,' does sometimes mauifest itself by strange developments, and the most recent of these odd manifestations seems to have been in the endeavor to bite off a man's We. An additionally odd circumstance in the matter, moreover, is, that the combatants .in the nose-biting atfray were not of that nationality which is geiseralSy understood to be a condition-precedent to very violent personal encounters. They were, in fact, Italians, and the gentleman whose most prominent facial organ suffered damage was the Signur Canna, the well-known beater of drums, and the organiser of a good many of our volunteer company bands. Signor Canna's compatriot, for reasons whicn do not clearly appear, and which are not essential to a proper comprehension of the quarrel, denounced him as a renegade, an imputation which the drummer naturally enough resented, and ensued what vulgar people call a "scrimmage" and it was during the " scrimmage " that the patriot bit the alleged renegade's nose, and thus he laid his action of batteiy, and sought £20 sterling as compensation for the mutilation. The judge, however, deemed £16 sufficient, and so in future the patriot will know, wlien a patriotic nose-biting fit is strong upon him again, exactly how much the gratification of Ins propensity will cost him. The ' Westland Observer' says, one of the most extraordinary bullocks — for size and condition — which we ever remember to have seen, «vas exhibited last n?ght in one of the stalls of the Hokitika Sde Yards, having travelled overland from Chrisfcchurcli — where it obtained the prize at the cattle exhibition. The beast stands seventeen hands three ins. high, and when it left Christchurch, was estimated by competent judges to weigh tweutytwo hundredweight. It is reckoned to have lost about two hundred pounds weight of flesh during its protracted and fatiguing journey ; but this brings it to a weight truly wonderful for one of the bovine tribe. The following Hokitika telegram, dated the 21st instant, is from the Christchurch " Press " : — " The seven prisoners found guilty of riot were recommended to mercy with the exception of Larkins and Manning. All the prisoners were sentenced to pay a fine of £30 each, or a month's imprisonment. The fines were paid and the five prisoners liberated. ; Larkins and Manning pleaded guilty this morning to the charge of seditious libel, and were sentenced to one month's imprisonment. Great satisfaction is felt at the leniency of the sentences. Mr Ireland was entertained by the Bar at a dinner to-day. The Judge paid him the high compliment of ! saying that none of the defences of the Fenians in England approached his in ability." Mb Wm. Rolleston has been elected Superintendent of Canterbury without opposition.

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The Bruce Herald. "Nemo me impune lacessit." TOKOMAIRIRO, JUNE 3, 1868., Bruce Herald, Volume V, Issue 214, 3 June 1868

Word Count

The Bruce Herald. "Nemo me impune lacessit." TOKOMAIRIRO, JUNE 3, 1868. Bruce Herald, Volume V, Issue 214, 3 June 1868

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