OVER 200 PASSENGERS
BIGGEST YET PROPOSED
SAN FRANCISCO, July 14
A fleet of giant 204-passenger landbasecl Clippers, vastly exceeding the size of any transport aircraft yet proposed, will be built for PanAmerican World Airways by Consolidated Vultee' Aircraft Corporation. Contract for construction of up to as many as fifteen of the huge Clippers —■ capable of handling 750,000 passengers a year in transatlantic and transpacific service— was recently announced by Mr. Harry Woodhead, president of Consolidated Vultee. With a weight of 320,0001b, the aeroplane is twelve times the size of present standard twin-engined commercial aircraft in the United States. The new Clipper will carry more passengers than any other plane in the world. It is 182 ft long and has a wing span of 230 ft, which is understood to be as great as that of the Brabazon type of aircraft designed for post-war use by British Overseas Airways Corporation, the British world-wide international air line. This wing span is more than twice that of the Liberator 824 and equal to the height of a 21-storey building. The six engines, of a type now under development, with which the giant aeroplane will be equipped will produce power equivalent to 353 average automobile engines. In order to take full advantage of laminar air flow, the engines are mounted on the trailing edge of the wing and are equipped with pushert3 r pe propellers. Cruising speeds at range will vary between 310 and 342 miles an hour, according to altitude and power output. Cabins will be conditioned for operation at an altitude of 30,000 ft, so that storm areas can be avoided. A Big, Pajioad Carrying a payload of 50,0001b, made up of 204 passengers, 15,3001b of baggage and mail, the new Clipper will have a range of 4200 miles. Because aeroplanes of such great size require heavy traffic volume to realise maximum economies, PanAmerican plans to utilise them only on its long-distance, high traffic density routes, where the foreign flag competition will be met. Flight times from New York to London will be slightly more than nine hours, and other schedules will be proportionately fast. Pan-American engineers have vvorked actively with Consolidated Vultee in the development of the aeroplane,- says New Horizons, the magazine published by Pan-American Airways. Although production cannot be started until wartime restrictions are removed, a full-scale model is complete, and more than 90 per cent of the initial engineering is finished. The plane will be completely doubledeck.' Nine staterooms accommodating, two persons each and twelve berths will be provided in one section. Luxurious passenger facilities, complete with two lounges and a number of rest roomr,, have been designed to take full advantage of the large- deck space made possible by the plane's enormous size. Low Fares Promised | The weight and size of the new| Clippers have been taken into account in designing several of the great modern airports, such as Idlewild, in New York. . In the transoceanic service a fleet of but eight of these giant aircraft, supported by three of similar type in the high-traffic summer months, would carry 442,764 passengers annualty—operating at only 50 per cent capacity. This constitutes 67 per cent of the total pre-war passenger traffic moved on the North Atlantic by ships of all nations. For the public, the enormous capacity and high speeds of the new Clippers will be translated into unprecedented low fares, not possible with smaller aircraft. Pan-American's I programme for mass transportation —for carrying the average man at rates he can afford—thus will. be realised. . Not only New York, base of the company's present transatlantic service, but the cities of Chicago, Detroit, Baltimore and Boston, which Pan-American is seeking authority to include as transatlantic ,co-terminals in the United States, would be served by the. new 204passenger Clippers. Three of the new Clippers at but 50 per cent capacity would carry 150,106 passengers between Honolulu and Cali- , fornia. This is more than three : times the largest number carried by sea and air combined in any year before Pearl Harbour. With their high cruising speed, three of the new type Clippers would provide daily service in both directions between San Francisco and Honolulu, as well as Los Angeles and Hono- t lulu. In the winter season the three ] units not required on the North • Atlantic would be available for regu- f lar service over Pan-American's trunk t line routes to Latin America. One unit would serve as a reserve or c stand-by, available for all three services. The new 204-passenger Clip- f pers will supplement other large c types of post-war Clippers, orders 1 for which, have been announced and , delivery of which i 3 expected at a < considerably earlier date. (
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GIANT CLIPPERS, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 193, 16 August 1945
GIANT CLIPPERS Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 193, 16 August 1945
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