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Nationalising Bank And Coal Industry N.Z. Press Association —Copyright Rec. 10 a.m. LONDON, Aug. 15. As the King and Queen drove out of the grand entrance at Buckingham Palace for their triumphal procession to Westminster for the State opening of Parliament, they were greeted by a mighty shout. The crowd, which jostled against khaki-clad guards and bent the lines of the police, was inspired by the spirit of triumph. They had waited hours for this instant. The King saluted the crowd and the Queen raised a gloved hand in a character* istic gesture. . , The greatness of the occasion anct the spirit of rejoicing compensated for any absence of pomp or traditional ceremony. The cavalry escoit was there, in khaki, but was as impressive as ever. Swords gleamed in the drizzle as the escort trotted hours before Their Majesties arrived at the House of Lords for the first opening of a. Parliament with a Labour majority, distinguished visitors had their reserved seats and sat looking iown on the glittering and. beauu-fullv-wrought twin thrones on the red carpeted dais. Golden clusters of soft lights lit up the scene. Speech from the Throne The King, in his speech from the Throne, said the surrender of Japan had brought to an end six years of warfare, which had paused unto loss and misery. It is fitting. His Majesty added, "that we should give humble and solemn thanks to God, by whose grace we have been brought to final victory. Gratitude was due, the King said, to the forces in every part of the Commonwealth and Empire, who had fought with steady courage and endurance. "We remember especially," he added, "those who have laid down their lives in the fight for freedom." , „ i;„ The King referred to the Berlin conference as laying the foundations upon which the peoples of Europe, after the long nightmare of war, might restore their shattered lands, j "I welcome the establishment of the . Council of Foreign Ministers, he; said "My Ministers will submit to you the United Nations Charter expressing the determination of the United Nations to maintain peace in accordance with justice and respect for human rights and to promote the welfare of all peoples by international co-operation. It is the firm purpose of my Government to work in closest co-operation with the Governments of my Dominions and in concert with all peace-loving peoples to attain a world of freedom, peace and social justice, so that the sacrifices of war shall not have been in vain."

The ' devastating new weapon which science had now placed in the hands of humanity should bring I home to all the lessons that the nations of the world must abolish the recourse to war or perish by mutual destruction, His Majesty said. To this end they were determined to promote throughout the world conditions under which all countries

might facte with confidence and wisdom' the tirgent tasks of reconstruction and carry, out in this country those policies which had received the approval of the people.

The King and his Government would take up energetically the tasks of the demobilisation and resettlement of servicemen and women and the reconversion of industry to peacetime production. The Government would take up the extension of public ownership and machinery would be established for the effective planning of investment. Bills would be brought forward to bring the Bank of England under public ownership and nationalise the coal industry. A measure would be brought down for the reorganisation of air transport. The Government would continue to work in close consultation with the other members of the Commonwealth on all matters of mutual concern. It would also do its utmost to promote full Indian self-government.

The King also spoke of the urgent task of increasing the number of homes and said the Government would organise the resources of the building and manufacturing industries to meet this need immediately. It would also put before Parliament plans to improve the procedure for acquiring land in the public interest. When Parliament reassembled at 3 p.m., the Government proposed that members immediately attend thanksgiving services, the House of Commons in St. Margaret's, Westminster, and the House of Lords in Westminster Abbey.

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Bibliographic details

TASKS FOR PEACE OUTLINED BY KING, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 193, 16 August 1945

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TASKS FOR PEACE OUTLINED BY KING Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 193, 16 August 1945

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