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Signing Of Surrender Terms CHINESE URGE SAMURAI SWORDS BE YIELDED UP N.Z.P.A.—Copyright—Rec. 12.30 p.m. NEW YORK, Aug. 15. General Mac Arthur, in an order to Tokyo from his headquarters in Manila, directed that Japan s surrender envoy fly to Ie Shima, off the west coast of Okinawa, in a white plane decorated with green crosses, and thence in an American plane to Manila. The envoy was instructed to bear credentials enabling him to represent Emperor Hirohito and bring competent Service advisers.

General Mac Arthur's instructions for the procedure to be adopted by the envoy specify the use of the word "Bataan" as a code word. Tlie envoy must give six hours' notice of the time of his departure, also the route he will follow.

The Associated Press correspondent says it is assumed the envoy will be instructed on technical details preparatory to the occupation of Japan and similar problems. Tokyo radio says newspapers in Japan report with banner-line headings the end of the war. The Cabinet's instructions and the text of the Potsdam declaration are published fully. No disorders have occurred in the city since the surrender. The Associated Press correspondent in Chungking states that Chinese experts on Japanese psychology unanimously urge that Japan's surrender ceremony must include the yielding of Samurai swords, which have profound traditional significance. The Samurai sword is customarily yielded only in death.

Japan missed invasion by only a few weeks, says the naval correspondent of the London Daily Mail with the British Pacific Fleet. Units of the fleet which had been bombarding Japan were due to assemble at a secret rendezvous in the South-west Pacific today prior to the preliminary bombardment of another Japanese naval base, after which they were scheduled to sail for Sydney for overhaul before the final onslaught. Military experts estimate that 3,000,000 Japanese deployed outside Japan proper will have to be repatriated, mainly by the Allies because Japan has not enough ships left for the task, says the Washington correspondent of the Associated Press. The forces are disposed as follows:—Burma, 60,000; Thailand, 55,000; Indo-China, 110,000; Malaya, 95,000; Java, 45,000 Borneo, 35,000; Celebes, 55,000; New Guinea, 42,000; Timor area, 70,000; Solomons-Bismarck area, 75,000 to 80,000; Philippines, 45,000; Manchuria, 650,000 to 700,000; Korea, over 300,000; Formosa, over 300,000; China northward of Lunghai railway, 310,p00; East Cfiina, between the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, 200,000; South China, 485,000; former Japanese mandates, 120,000; Karafuto (Sakhalin) and Kurile Islands, 115,000.

Enemy Air-Land Attacks Continue

"The Japanese Imperial Headquarters is trying to transmit the surrender order to every branch of its forces, but before it took full effect part of the Japanese Air Force is reported to have attacked an Allied base and fleet in the south," says a Domei broadcast.- "While headquarters is doing its best to prevent a recurrence of such incidents the Allied fleets and convoys are again requested not to approach Japanese home waters until 'cease fire" arrangements have been made." The Associated Press correspondent on Okinawa reports that two bomb-carrying Japanese suicide planes crashed into Ihya Island, 30 miles north of Okinawa, to-night, injuring at least two American garrison soldiers in a futile raid. The raid came 12 hours after the announcement of Japan's surrender and caused a two-hour alert over Okinawa and neighbouring islands. A correspondent with the United States Third Fleet off Japan says two hours after the victory celebration alert Japanese . planes appeared over the fleet. During the next few hours 13 planes were shot down. . .. ~ . General Mac Arthur, in the first communication to Japan from Manila, as Supreme Allied Commander, ordered the Government and Imperial General Staff to put a radio station at his continuous disposal for the communication of his orders to Japan.

The Russian Chief of Staff, General Antonov, in a statement broadcast by Moscow radio, reports that fighting still continues in Manchuria and will continue until the Japanese actually lay down their arms.

therefore in fact they had not yet capitulated. The capitulation of armed forces could be considered as taking effect only from the moment the Emperor issued the order to them to cease hostilities and lay down their arms and carrying into effect of the order. The Russian forces in the Far East therefore were cohtinuing offensive operations against Japan.

Moscow radio says General Antonov, "explaining the Red Army's determination to fight on until the Japanese have laid down their arms,

The form the Japanese capitulation will take in South-east Asia, depends on General Mac Arthur, from whom instructions are awaited. The Australian Associated Press correspondent in Colombo says it is understood that the pattern may be that, the Allied Chief of Staff will confer with his Japanese opposite number and arrange details, after which the Supreme Commander, Admiral Mountbatten, will receive the sword of the Japanese commanders in the South-east Asia theatre on behalf of several hundred thousand Japanese in Burma, Malaya, Sumatra, Java and Thailand.

said the announcement by the Emperor of Japan's capitulation was only a general declaration of unconditional surrender. The Japanese had not yet issued orders to their armed forces to cease military operations. The enemy forces were continuing to offer resistance and

The senior Japanese commander is Field-Marshal Count Terauchi, who is believed to be in Thailand. Where the surrender will lake place is not clear, though Singapore seems to be the most appropriate place in view of the happenings there in 1942, when positions were reversed.

Plans for receiving Japanese troops in Burma for the laying down of their arms are well advanced. Leaflets giving the full text of the Potsdam terms and the news of their acceptance have been dropped in thousands. Cages and reception areas have been prepared, but prisoners have to build their own shelters and attend the sick and wounded.

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Bibliographic details

ENVOY TO FLY IN WHITE PLANE, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 193, 16 August 1945

Word Count

ENVOY TO FLY IN WHITE PLANE Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 193, 16 August 1945

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