JAPAN'S ACCEPTANCE REPORTED
ANNOUNCEMENT BY CANADIAN PREMIER
Official News Still Awaited WAR WILL NOT END UNTIL JAPANESE SIGN DOCUMENT N.Z.P.A.—Copyright— Rec. 2.30 p.m. OTTAWA, August 12. The Prime Minister of Canada, Mr. Mackenzie King, has announced that President Truman says Japan has accepted the Allied surrender terms. An official announcement from Washington earlier to-night stated that the end of the Pacific war is not expected for two or three days, or maybe longer. Press correspondents in Washington were this evening told to stand by for five hours. If the news did not come within that time, they were informed, it would not come sooner than eight hours later. This statement was made from the White House. President Truman said that the announcement of the end of the war in the Pacific would, when it came, be made simultaneously from the four Allied capitals. President Truman's secretary, Mr. Charles G. Ross, said he wanted to correct the impression that the public seemed to have formed about VJ day. It would not fall as soon as the Japanese acceptance of the Allied terms, if and when that came. The war in the Pacific would not be over until the surrender instrument had been signed by the Japanese. An earlier report stated that the four Allied Powers had agreed to accept the Japanese surrender provided the Allied Supreme Commander ruled Japan through die Emperor's authority. This reply to the Tokyo offer was handed to the Japanese Minister in Berne late last night. The terms represent the viewpoints of the United States, United Kingdom, Russia and China, said Mr. Byrnes, who transmitted them in the following communication to Mr. Max Grassli, Charge d'Affaires at the Swiss Legation in Washington:— "I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of your note of August 10, and in reply to inform you that the President has directed me to send you for transmission by your Government to the Japanese Government the following message on behalf of the Governments of the United States, United Kingdom, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and China: " 'In reply to the Japanese Government's message accepting the terms of the Potsdam proclamation, but containing the statement, "with the understanding that the said declaration does not comprise any demand which prejudices the prerogatives of His Majesty the Emperor as sovereign ruler," our position is as follows: " '(1) From the moment of surrender the authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the State shall be subject to the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, who will take such steps as he deems proper to put into effect the surrender terms. " '(2) The Emperor will be required to authorise and ensure the signature of the Japanese Government and Imperial Headquarters to the surrender terms necessary to carry out the provisional Potsdam declarations, and shall issue his commands to all Japanese military, naval and air authorities and all forces under their control, wherever located, to cease active operations and surrender their arms, and to issue such other orders as the Supreme Commander may require to give effect to the surrender terms. " *(3) Immediately upon surrender the Japanese Government shall transport prisoners of war and civil internees to places of safety as directed, where they can quickly be placed on board Allied transports. " *(4) The ultimate form of the Government of Japan shall, in accordance with the Potsdam declaration, be established by the freely expressed will of the Japanese people. " '(5) Armed forces of the Allied Powers will remain in Japan until the purposes set forth in the Potsdam declaration have been achieved.' " The Japanese people are apparently still being kept officially insulated from news of surrender moves, says an Associated Press Washington correspondent. However, Tokyo Press and radio gave broad hints. Perhaps with an eye to putting the Crown Prince in power under a Regency, the Japanese Press extolled young Prince Akihito and his importance to the Imperial House. The correspondent adds that reports and rumours of all descriptions raced through Washington to-day, including one that the Swiss Legation in Washington had communicated Japan's reply. This was promptly denied. President Truman wandered restlessly between his executive and living quarters, and throngs of people clustered near the White House gates.
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JAPAN'S ACCEPTANCE REPORTED, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 190, 13 August 1945
JAPAN'S ACCEPTANCE REPORTED Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 190, 13 August 1945
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