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BOMBING SUSPENDED SINCE PEACE OFFER

SUPER FORTRESSES GROUNDED TO-DAY

Japanese Note Now Received PREMATURE CELEBRATION IN UNITED NATIONS CAPITALS N.Z.P. A.—Copyright— Rec. 11 a.m. LONDON, August 10. The headquarters of the U.S. Strategic Air Force at Guam has announced that Super Fortresses will not fly against Japan on Saturday. The State Department in Washington has received a Japanese peace proposal. It was handed to the United States Minister in Berne, Mr. Leland Harrison, by the Swiss Government. The text of the proposal is the same as that broadcast by Tokyo radio earlier in the day. It states that Japan will accept the terms of the Potsdam declaration provided the sovereignty of the Emperor of Japan is respected. An official announcement from No. 10, Downing Street, earlier stated that the Government was in communication with the Governments of the United States, Russia and China about the Tokyo broadcast report of Japan's readiness to surrender. The British Cabinet met this morning for 95 minutes. Ministers dispersed without any arrangement to meet again to-day, although the Prime Minister, Mr. Attlee, could easily recall them immediately. Moscow radio reported, that the Japanese have informed the Russian Ambassador that Japan is ready to accept the Potsdam Conference terms. . Stockholm radio says the Swedish Foreign Office confirms the report that Japan today handed a Note for the British, Russian and United States Governments through the Swedish Foreign Office. According to an earlier report the Domei news agency, in a broadcast picked up in New York, said:—"The Japanese Government is ready to accept the terms of the Potsdam Conference, with the understanding that the said declaration does not prejudice the prerogatives of His Majesty the Emperor as sovereign ruler." The agency said the message had been addressed to the Swedish and Swiss Governments by the Japanese Government for transmission to Britain, America, China and Russia. "The Japanese Government is ready to accept the three-Power Potsdam declaration of July 26. The Emperor is anxious to forward the cause of world peace as well as the welfare of his subjects," the Tokyo radio broadcast stated. After a few words more, the broadcast broke off. * The Associated Press states that the Domei broadcast of Japan's surrender offer was recorded from an English language broadcast and beaded to the United States. The broadcast came shortly after the bombing and announced that Japan was protesting through diplomatic channels at the United States' use of atomic bombs. The Tokyo station went off the air at this point and was still silent ten minutes later. Moscow radio's version pi the communication from the Japanese Foreign Minister, Tojo, to the Russian Ambassador in Tokyo, includes the following interpretation of the Japanese reservation regarding the Emperor: "The Japanese Government understands that the Potsdam declaration did not contain demands restricting the Emperor s prerogative as sovereign ruler of Japan. The Japanese Government requests definite information on this

point. ,, "Wait And See" Attitude In U.S.A.

From President Truman downwards the attitude of "wait and see" gripped official Washington following the Domei news agency report of the Japanese surrender offer. Nothing official has been received so far at the Swiss or Swedish Legations in Washington. It was explained that the Japanese offer would not be givenout by them, but would be handed to Allied diplomats in the Swiss and Swedish capitals. As official developments, were awaited in Washington speculation centred round the reported Japanese proposal that the Emperor should be permitted to retain his sovereignty. The Potsdam ultimatum of July 26 did not mention the Emnprnr Contrary to the Japanese ? o e ndmon C Toncermng theEmP«w. American leXts addressed to Japan urged the Japanese people to appeal to g Hirohito tq end the war. ?Ptarv Mr C. G. Ross, stated that

Japanese offer as far as it affects French Indo-China. Paris itself was electrified at the news. . Vatican circles, according to Reuters correspondent, showed profound satisfaction over the Japanese statement and expressed the hope that it would end all bloodshed. A visitor to the Japanese Embassy stated that the Japanese Ambassador to the Holy See, Harada, and his staff received the news of the offer with imperturbable countenances. "Taking Over Singapore Again" Spanish radio followed up the report of Japan's offer with the statement: "From the Spanish angle Japan's defeat is the just outcome of her behaviour during the world war. It is a matter for joy that Spanish culture in the Far East is no longer threatened." ' Prague radio announced that 21 salvoes are being fired in Prague to-night to celebrate the end of the world war. Monsoon rains drove crowds of celebrating soldiers from the streets of Bombay. Bars, were closed early, but a few revellers remained about singing. _ The Daily Express New Delhi correspondent points out that though the war may be over vast territories remain to be reclaimed and hundreds of thousands of prisoners to be liberated. The taking over of Singapore again will still require tremendous planning. General Mac Arthur's headquarters is preparing to rush occupation troops to Japan if surrender is accepted, according to the New York Times Manila correspondent. Thousands of troops will be transported by air, but the majority will travel 'by ship. It is presumed that the initial occupying force will be principally, if not entirely Amen- ■ can since they are nearest to Japan.

on the throne would be all to the good as far as America was concerned. The Emperor would provide a constitutional Government with which the Allies could deal..Senator Thomas expressed the opinion that the Allies could deal just as sternly with the-Japanese with the Emperor in power as they could with a completely disorganised Japanese home"The Japanese armies outside the home islands," Senator Thomas warned, "are subject to little or no central Government control. Therefore before encompassing Japan s defeat you must bring about tne unity of these outlying generals He added that many Japanese soldiers in China and elsewhere were living far better now than ever they did in Japan itself. Emperor's Right to Rule The Associated Press pointed out that the Emperor's removal apparently would be regarded by the Japanese leaders as an ultimate disaster which they were not yet ready to accept. Tokyo radio, supporting its stand that the Emperor should remain, cited a United States broadcast by Captain Zacharias as saying that the Japanese would be free to determine their own form of government under the Atlantic Charter when the Allies' peace terms were accepted. Tokyo radio also stated that the Japanese Finance .Ministry had ordered the suspension of trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange Japan's first openly declared desire to surrender has been received with joy in many capitals reSfrte that General de Gaulle Summoned his Ministers for Foreign iSs the Colonies, and the Navy to discuss the I^UcaUoflMj^^

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Bibliographic details

BOMBING SUSPENDED SINCE PEACE OFFER, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 189, 11 August 1945

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1,128

BOMBING SUSPENDED SINCE PEACE OFFER Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 189, 11 August 1945

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