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Atomic Bomb Havoc Small Indication N.Z. Press Association—Copyright Rec. 1.30. WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. President Truman, broadcasting to the nation, said: "I have just returned from Berlin, a ghost city whose buildings, economy and people are in ruins. War, indeed, has come home to the German people in all the frightfulness with which the German leaders started and waged it.

"The German people are beginning to atone for the crimes of the gangsters who were placed in power and whom they wholeheartedly approved and obediently followed. Though the United States does not want territory, profit or selfish advantage from this war, we are going to maintain military bases necessary for the complete protection of our interests and world peace. The bases which our military experts ' deem essential for protection, and which are not our possessions we will acquire by arrangement consistent with the United Nations Charter. "No one can foresee what another war would mean to our own cities or our own people. What we are doing to Japan now, even with the new atomic bomb, is only a small fraction of what would happen to the world in a third world war. Remain United and Strong "That is why the United Nations are determined there shall be no next war and will remain united and strong. We can never permit any aggressor in future to be clever enough to divide us, or strong enough to defeat us. That was the guiding spirit of the conferences at San Francisco and Berlin and will be the guiding spirit of the peace settlement to come." The President paid a tribute to the work of Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Churchill towards winning the war. Each seemed to have been ordained to lead his country in the hour of greatest need. The military matter uppermost in the minds of the American delegation in Berlin was winning the war against Japan. The military arrangements made at Berlin were of course secret. One of those secrets was revealed yesterday when the Soviet declared war on Japan. "The Soviet Union, before being informed of our new weapon agreed to enter the war in the Pacific. The Japs will soon learn other military secrets agreed on at Berlin. They will learn of them first hand and won't like them." Basic Principle of Justice Mr. Truman referred to the estr lishment of the Council of Ministers, the duty of which woullt be to apply as far as possible the fundamental ..principle of justice underlying- the Charter adopted at San Francisco. The council would also lay the ground for future peace" settlements, making possible a speedier, more orderly, more efficient and more co-operative peace settlements than otherwise could be obtained. He said that Italy was making real progress towards democracy. The peace treaty with a democratic Italian government would make it possible to receive Italy as a member of the United Nations. The final acceptance of the German peace settlement would have to wait until Germany develops a government with which a peace treaty can be made. "We are going to do what we can to make Germany into a decent nation that may eventually work herself back into a place in the civilised world. We do not intend again to make the mistake of exacting reparations' in money and then lending Germany money with which to pay. This time reparations will be paid in physical assets from those resources in Germany which are not required for her peacetime subsistence. Purpose of Reparations "The first purpose of reparations is to take from Germany everything with which she can prepare for another war. Its second purpose is to help devastated countries to bring about their own recovery by means of equipment and material taken from Germany. The idea of attempting to fix the dollar value on property to be removed from Germany was dropped—to fix the dollar value on the share of each nation would be a sort of guarantee of the amount each nation would get. A guarantee which might not be fulfilled. "Therefore, it was decided to divide property by percentages of the total amount available. We still are generally agreed that Russia should get approximately half the total for herself and Poland. The remainder should be divided anion? all the other nations entitled to reparations."


Rec. 9.30 a.m. LONDON, Aug. 9. Reuters Beirut correspondent reports that the Ninth Army has ceased to exist. The force has been renamed British Troops in the Northern Levant.

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Bibliographic details

DETERMINED THERE BE NO NEXT WAR, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 188, 10 August 1945

Word Count

DETERMINED THERE BE NO NEXT WAR Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 188, 10 August 1945

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