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When one reads some of the decisions reached by the Big Three at Potsdam, one cannot but ask oneself if a peace conference is really necessary. I do not know whether the slogan, "To the victor the spoils," was blazoned on the walls of the conference room, but it is self-evident that it was the guiding principle there. The cynical division of the spoils—Democracy in action? Shoulfl we not be spared the mockery of the small nations being asked to agree to something that has been agreed to already—on their behalf— at Potsdam? We are so used to British appeasement that the role,.of Britain needs no comment other than the gratifying one that Britain, at least, did not pay lip service to democracy, for the British idea of democracy seems to be peace at any price—provided others pay the price. The frank opportunism of Russia is at least open and honest, and is also in accord with Russian views of democracy, which can be expressed in the sentence: Other people have rights provided they do not clash with ours. The surprising and the alarming thing is the price U.S.A. is prepared to pay for Russian participation in the Bretton Woods currency proposals. We should examine the latter very closely indeed, since they involve the surrender of our sovereign rights. The gilded shackles that Uncle Sam invites us to assume, and which, once on, cannot be taken off without his leave, assume a new and vital importance in-view of the sacrifices of principle he is prepared to make for .the* scheme. However, it is in line with democracy as practised at Bretton \Voods. "The gold has the votes." HEDLEY STEWART.

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THE POTSDAM DECISIONS, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 187, 9 August 1945

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THE POTSDAM DECISIONS Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 187, 9 August 1945