BRITISH INDUSTRY'S RAPID SWITCH OVER
WARTOPEACEOUTPUT Wartime Advances Will Be Exploited British Official Wireless Rec. noon. RUGBY, Aug. 5. Although it is less than three months since VE day, British industry has already made considerable progress in reorganisation on to a peacetime basis. The switch over from production of war material to civilian goods has been necessarily hampered by the claims of the Far Eastern war—to which all peacetime production must be subordinated—and consequent shortages of labour and raw materials. These, however, are only temporary obstacles. Thanks to the many wartime advances in scientific research, technical developments and industrial efficiency, British industry to-day is in a far more powerful position than ever before to supply the vast world needs of every type of consumer goods. Examples can be found in every sphere of production.
Immense Wartime Output Thus the immense wartime output achieved by United Kingdom motor car manufacturers resulted in the full mechanisation of no less than 80 per cent of the United Kingdom and Imperial forces in Europe. The tremendous technical advances and the enhanced knowledge of volume production which made it possible, will all be applied to peacetime manufacture.
The main British scientists who developed anti-malaria and D.D.T. powder have found for it an important peacetime use—that of making clothes permanently mothproof. This development extends to the smallest consumption articles. A new fountain pen, just announced, which needs filling only once a year, was invented by a military company for the use of pilots flying at heights where low air pressure would explode ordinary fountain pens.
The steel industry is making extensive preparations to deal with an avalanche of orders from all parts of the world, in particular the Far and Middle East, South Africa and South America. The building and mobilisation work carried out by one firm alone is expected to increase pre-war capacity threefold.
Shipbuilding Prospects Tyneside, an important centre of heavy industries and shipbuilding, expects at least five years of full | activity after the complete switchover to peactime production has been made. Although most of the shi'""ards are still busy on naval orders, a start has already been made on the construction of passenger and cargo liners. One well-known firm of shipbuilders is building four cargo vessels for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Another company has received orders from the Royal Mail Company for a cargo motor ship of 10,000 tons. Another shipbuilding company has already launched the first of two whaling factories it has under construction and will shortly begin work on a third. John Brown anu Company, of Clydebank, has a transatlantic liner —a sister-ship to the Mauretania— on its immediate construction list. The cotton industry, which was severely restrained during the war, is now being expanded to pre-war capacity. Early last month the reopening of 11 spinning mills was announced. Every step is being taken to speed the return of operatives from war munitions to cotton mills in order to meet the enormous demand of all kinds of textile goods. Motor Car uction Although motor car production in the United Kingdom is subordinated to the requirements of the Japanese war, factories are producing cars at far higher speeds than. was anticipated. Exports have already begun. One firm alone hopes to export more than £4,000,000 worth of motor cars before the end of the year. One important wartime innovation, which will help in rapid expansion of British peacetime output, is the Government "shadow factory scheme. Modern, highly mechanised factories set up by the Government for the production of arms and munitions are now being taken over for the manufacture of civilian goods. In Wales there are 60 of these Government factories, employing some 150,000 workers, which are switching over to the manufacture of such goods as toys, textiles, aluminium goods and electrical equipment.
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BRITISH INDUSTRY'S RAPID SWITCH OVER, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 184, 6 August 1945
BRITISH INDUSTRY'S RAPID SWITCH OVER Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 184, 6 August 1945
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