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Co-operation Of Three Powers Generally Hailed N.Z. Press Association—Copyright Rec. 11 a.m. LONDON, Aug. 3. The New York Times Washington correspondent says Congressmen generally are disappointed at the lack of direct reference to Japan, because it was widely hoped that the Russo-Japanese neutrality would have ended. The agreement is believed by Washington officials to reflect American experts' view that reparations should neither provide an excuse for rebuilding the German war potential nor require Allied assistance in the which would be necessary if Germany were to make high cash payments.

This paper, in a leading article, says the agreements on administration of Germany are momentous, as proof of unified policy and the key to European peace. The triumvirate has given place to a council, organised on a broader base. The inclusion of France brings the -European State into negotiations deciding the fate of Europe. The inclusion of China gives Asia a voice in reorganisation of the world and also carries significant implications regarding the war against Japan. Germany's period of purgation will be long and painful and the controlled economy zones and of influence established in that period will not only shape the future pattern of Germany but of Europe.

Constructive Programme The Times of London, in a leading article observed: "The Potsdam plan does not meet every expectation, but it offers a constructive programme over a wide area and once more manifests the unity of purpose, if not always the unity of method, of the three major Allies. Once more it is brought out that only by continued collaboration and understanding among all three will a just and enduring peace be assured." The Daily Telegraph says: "The whole tone and substance of the agreements must completely dissolve the suspicion reported to exist in some European quarters, that there was any substantial divergence in the attitudes of the three Big Powers towards Germany. It can be said of all of them, as the schoolboy said of the headmaster, that they are 'beasts, but just beasts.' "Potsdam has not settled everything. It does not touch the question of the Dardanelles. It defers certain questions, such as the future of Italian colonies and it only deals by inference with the economic menace hanging over devastated Europe. But so far as it goes—and that is a surprisingly long way—the conference has done a good practical, unsentimental and promising job upon which all responsible are to be congratulated."

Labour Organ's Comment The Daily Herald (Labour)' declares: "What appeals to us immediately is that in contrast to some earlier Big Power declarations the pact concentrates on detail and expends very few paragraphs on resounding generalities. Previous pacts have been more notable for eloquence than for precision. This one gets down to business. It announces decisions and frankly lists the issues on which for one reason or another decisions have still to be postponed. The Pact shows that a healthy partnership exists among the major Powers."

| The Daily Mail says the Potsdam declaration is one of those documents which mark a definite stage in the history of Western civilisation. It can mean the beginning of a long peace. It is not the peace settlement, but it has erected the framework of that settlement. The spirit of this declaration is preventive and not punitive.

"The most crucial clause decrees the complete ■ and final abolition of j the German fighting organisation and everything even remotely connected with it." The Manchester Guardian remarks j that the Potsdam declaration is twice as long as the Crimean, but less wordy. The cynical will note 1 that the word "democracy" .is still ; made to work overtime without any attempt to define it. There are still | passages of surpassing ambiguity, J such as the one in which the three Governments have no doubt the Allied Press will have full freedom to report upon developments in Rumania , Bulgaria, Hungary and ] Finland. The Guardian adds: "It must be \i admitted that with the exception of j] the sections on Germany, there is not ij much in the declaration to justify ij the hope that the Big Three have yet j agreed on a common policy for j Europe." The Swedish radio said: "We. are < still left in the dark about Japan. It has been widely believed that Russia ; would nave declared war on Japan, i There is the possibility of secret j agreements." Moscow radio, quoting the news- fl paper Pravda, said "Wie conference testifies to the further strengthen- |j ing of the co-operation of the three Ps Great Powers in the work of the con- M ference. The decisions taken were ?j directed towards consolidation of the || historic victory gained over German || imperialism and towards the safe- ||

French Estimate Of Damage jj< ! By Germans LOSSES BY DEPORTATION jjj Rec. 1.30 p.m. PARIS, Aug. 3. ||j The French Minister of Recon- ly struction, M. Raoul d'Autry, esti- Ij[ mates German war damage to France fc 'f If at £24,465,000,000. The estimate, which will prob- :$ {[ ably be put before the Reparations s| {} Commission. shows the figure j||! includes loss through looting, | n destruction, damage to property and ji f injury to persons, but excludes jj| I capital losses which M. d'Autry || | assesses at 42 per cent of national *>: ■ wealth, or losses of revenue which | he estimates at being the total s French revenue for 21 months. M. § 5 d'Autry further estimates that ||t through the deportation of French 11 manpowei' to Germany 12,500,000,000 |i man hours were lost to France, iijj equivalent to 1,000,000 men's work IS for six years. ■:

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LITTLE CRITICISM, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 183, 4 August 1945

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LITTLE CRITICISM Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 183, 4 August 1945

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