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The declaration makes provision for a Council of Five Powers, which is expected to hold its first meeting in London on September 1. China and France are invited to be members of the Council. Since Italy was the first country to leave the Axis, and since she has contributed to the defeat of Germany, she will be the first to be dealt with in the matter of peace treaties. Settlements with Axis countries will come later. There will be a final peace settlement for Germany. Admittance to the United Nations will be open to all outside nations who can prove that they are prepared to fulfil the provisions of the United Nations Charter. Spain is not to come into the category of the nations to be admitted to the United Nations because she is an Axis-created country. The declaration hopes for a speedy conclusion of the deliberations of the War Crimes Commission in London, and the first list of the major war criminals is expected to be published this month. Provision is made for the re-establishment of Austria, but the final decisions on the Provisional Government for Austria will not be made till the occupation forces of Britain, France and the United States have completed their arrangements for the occupation of Vienna. Arrangements are to be made for the transference of the German populations in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary back to Germany and their distribution throughout the various occupation zones, but these are not yet complete. In the meantime the Governments of the various countries concerned are requested to suspend their expulsion of Germans. No mention is made of the war against Japan, but there is the cryptic statement that military matters of mutual interest were discussed by the three Chiefs of Staff.

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Bibliographic details

FIVE-POWER COUNCIL HOLDS FIRST MEETING IN LONDON, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 182, 3 August 1945

Word Count

FIVE-POWER COUNCIL HOLDS FIRST MEETING IN LONDON Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 182, 3 August 1945

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