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Potsdam Declaration


N.Z.P.A.—Copyright.— Rec. 1 p.m. A «... LONDON, August 2. An official communique from the Potsdam Conference has been issued s.mu taneously in Moscow, Paris, London and Wash! woTdoJumenr ,0,18 ° f *" * « —■" " a 6000The main points covered by the declaration are:—The control of Germany, reparations, the curtailment of Germany's eastern frontiers, peace treaties, war criminals, the attitude of tho Allies to former Axis countries and the entry of outside Powers to the United l>l aliens. , As regards control of Germany, the Potsdam declaration reaffirms the declaration of the Crimea Conference. The Allies are determined to stamp out German militarism and Nazi-ism. Germany is to be completely disarmed, and will not be allowed again to threaten the peace of the world. The internal government of Germany is to be remodelled on democratic lines. For the time being there will be no centralised German Government, but civil control will be split up under the four occupation zones. Germany is not to be allowed to make any implements of war, aircraft or ships. Her metal industries are to be severely controlled and her industries are to be decentralised. The internal economy of Germany is to be modelled more on agricultural lines. The section dealing with reparations provides that Russia shall take her reparations from the Russian-occupied zone and from external assets. Russia will provide for reparations to Poland out of her own share. The Western Allies will take their reparations from the western zones and from external assets. Russia will have 25 per cent of the industrial capital equipment which is not needed for the re-establishment of Germany, but these will be in payment for coal and other materials from the eastern zones. Restrictions relating to Germany's eastern frontiers provide that Russia will get almost the whole of East Prussia. Poland's new frontiers will extend up the east bank of the River Oder and to the River Neisse. Poland's territory will include Stettin and Frankfurf-on-Oder and the whole of Silesia. The final fixing of the German frontiers will be left for the peace treaty.

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Bibliographic details

DECISIONS OF WORLD LEADERS, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 182, 3 August 1945

Word Count

DECISIONS OF WORLD LEADERS Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 182, 3 August 1945

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