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Australian-New Zealand Interests Rec. 11.30 a.m. §YDNEY, this day. The Potsdam peace ultimatum to Japan is severely criticised by Dr. H. V. Evatt, Minister of External Affairs, who says the foreshadowed terms of peace are inclined to treat Japan more leniently than Germany. "This," he added, "is despite the fact that the slightest sign of tenderness toward Japanese imperialism is entirely misplaced, having regard to the outrageous cruelties and barbarities systematically practised under the imperialist regime." Dr. Evatt complained that Australia was not consulted before the ultimatum was delivered. "The ultimatum was of fundamental importance to Australia," he proceeded, "yet our first knowledge, both of its terms and publication, came from the Press."

Ever since 1941, Dr. Evatt added, the Australian Government's policy had been that Australia, as an active belligerent, had the status of a principal party in every armistice and peace arrangement both in Europe and the Pacific. "The validity of this policy," he continued, "has been accorded widespread recognition and Very recently assurances of its general acceptance were received from the United Kingdom Government. Special steps were rightly taken to secure the concurrence of China in the ultimatum, but Australia's interest and concern are no less significant than those of China.

"In all of Australia's past statements of foreign policy we have fully recognised the right of the initiative and the leadership of the main belligerents in relation to the preliminary discussions of peace settlement, but before final and definite decisions are taken nations like Australia which have been most active in the war are also entitled to participate through their accredited representatives in all relevant deliberations and conferences. Right To Share In Planning "Accepting the Big Power leadership, it is also an indispensable corollary of such leadership that other nations which have shared the tremendous burdens and sacrifices of belligerency should have the correlative right to share in the planning of peace. In the particular case of the ultimatum to Japan this principle has been departed from. It is to be hoped that the United Kingdom Government will in future insist upon its full and frank recognition. "Despite the lessons that should have been learned from the many early disasters of the Japanese war there are still some people who do not realise that the post-war security of the peoples of Australia and New Zealand, and of India, too,, are integrally bound up with the destiny of South-east Asia." The Associated Press correspondent at Potsdam says there is so far no ripple of official reaction to Dr. Evatt's announcement that Australia was unable to subscribe to the Potsdam Ultimatum to Japan, because it was too lenient and Australia was not consulted. It is believed inevitable that the Australian dissent to the tripartite efforts to induce the Japanese war lords to come to terms will soon be drowned in the din of protest throughout Europe which will follow the announcement of the Big Three decisions. There are two sides to every question, the correspondent says, and whatever Mr. Attlee, President Truman and Generalissimo Stalin decide, the losers will set up a storm ° f Nb°expianation of the failure to consult the Australian Government regarding the ultimatum to Japan was obtainable in London to-day, says the Daily Telegraph diplomatic correspondent. It was pointed out that the ultimatum was issued, not through the usual channels—London and Washington—but directly from Potsdam. Officials agreed that all the Dominions would normally be consulted in a matter of this kind.

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Bibliographic details

EVATT CRITICISES PEACE PROPOSALS, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 178, 30 July 1945

Word Count

EVATT CRITICISES PEACE PROPOSALS Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 178, 30 July 1945

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