Use The Knife With Discretion When Pruning
PRUNING roses should be got under way as soon as possible. Replace any old worn-out varieties by some new plants. After pruning, the bushes should be sprayed and the beds dug over. Conifer hedges, such as macrocarpa and lawsoniana, can be trimmed. Hand weed between anemones and ranunculi. Stir or lightly fork over the soil between the plants. Proceed with the digging and replanting of the herbaceous borders.
In the vegetable section prepare ground for spring crops. An extra forking over will be an advantage. Newly sown-peas PREPARE FOR should have a SPRING CROPS little soil drawn up to them as soon as they are a couple of inches high. Use sticks for the dwarf peas; they will keep the plants off the wet ground and keep down mildew. Give the rhubarb bed a good dressing of manure; it will stand almost anything within reason. Plantings of cabbage and cauliflower can be made. Earth up the early potatoes as they come through the soil and make further plantings. Seed of parsnips and Brussels sprouts can be sown; early sowing is necessary for these two subjects. Sowings of lettuce, radish and beetroot can be made and onion planting may be commenced. A firm but rich soil is required. Do not plant deep; only the bulbs should be covered. In the home orchard finish up the pruning as soon as possible. Spraying with the caustic soda wash (lib to 10 gallons of water) and other strong winter mixtures should be completed while the trees are completely dormant. The planting of bush fruits, such as gooseberries etc. should be hastened as these start into growth with the first warm days. *** - • * Now is the time when the man with a few fruit trees in his garden gets out his pruning implements and sets to work, often THE PRUNING with little idea why SEASON he is cutting this or that. To many, pruning is simply cutting away a lot of branches and whether the tree will be better or worse for the operation is a secondary matter. To attempt to lay down definite rules as to what branches should and what should not be cut out, is impossible here, as every tree varies in its requirements. But the main objects of pruning are: (1) To modify the form of the tree to its environment or the will of the operator; (2) to reduce or increase the production of wood growth or fruit; (3) to remove injured or useless parts. It will be obvious to all that a well-pruned tree produces better fruit than an unpruned tree, if for no other reason, because the crop is equally and evenly spread over the branch system of the tree, so that every part is doing its share. A badly pruned tree soon gets unshapely, too tall, or the crop is so heavy in parts that the branches are pulled out of their place and even broken. On the other hand, bad pruning may result in a mass of shoots that never fruit. Always be sure when cutting out a branch that the operation is necessary; better to leave a tree alone than prune without knowing what the result will be.
Daphne should find a place in every garden. It is hardy and suitable for planting in the open or equally so against a SUCCESS wall. It bears its pretty AVITH pink starry flowers in DAPHNE clusters at the ends of the season's growths., and its perfume excels in delicate sweetness that of almost any other flower grown in the garden. The bloom lasts a long time and is doubly valuable from the fact that it is produced in the dreary winter months. The foliage of healthy specimens is of a rich, dark green. It is easy to grow this charming shrub well, the soil suiting it best being one consisting largely of leaf soil and sand. It will not stand a waterlogged soil and this lack of drainage is the cause of the premature death of thousands of daphne bushes in Auckland gardens, particularly in those situated on heavy clay soils. If natural drainage is not good the situation for daphne planting must be freed from excess water, before healthy growth can be expected. The best place for daphne is in a rather sheltered position, where it will get protection from the direct rays of the midday sun. The shade should not be so complete as to deprive the bush of sunlight altogether, as this is essential for the proper development and ripening of the flower growths.
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Use The Knife With Discretion When Pruning, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 175, 26 July 1945
Use The Knife With Discretion When Pruning Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 175, 26 July 1945
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