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'NOT GOOD ENOUGH'

CHARTER CRITICISED

WORKING WITH RUSSIA

Parliamentary Reporter. WELLINGTON, this day. One could not refrain from a feeling of disappointment at the outcome of the San Francisco Conference, said Mr. Doidge (Nat., Tauranga) when he followed the Prime Minister in the House of Representatives last night in the discussion of the report on the World Security Conference. He thought the Prime Minister himself Avould agree that the Charter was not good enough. The Charter, in the main, sprang from the Dumbarton Oaks conference—a fait accompli, he said. There was no alternative but to accept it, and that was a pity. "The Charter, however," said Mr. Doidge, "with all its limitations, shows that we are seeking and feeling our way forward. For that reason we must give the Charter our blessing." Mr. Doidge thought it only right to say ungrudgingly that the Prime Minister at San Francisco had acquitted himself with distinction, but that was not to say that the people of New Zealand, any more than the people of any other country, were rejoicing at the outcome of the conference.

Discussing the power of veto, Mr. Doidge said it simply did not make sense to a world that cried out for justice and peace. It meant that should any great war loom on the horizon the decision as to what should-be done would rest not with 50 nations but with the five Great Powers, and even among the five it was necessary that there should be unanimity. If one Great Power decided to stand out, that brought the whole structure to the ground. "Will Prevent Minor Wars" "I think," he added, "that the best that may be said about this phase of the Charter is that it seems that so long as the Great Powers do not quarrel among themselves they will be able to prevent minor wars." Trusteeship and regionalism matters had occupied the conference, and as -an outcome it seemed that blocs and regionalism had come to stay in international life, and he would suggest that the question was whether the Security Council would be able to maintain over-riding authority over it. It was clear throughout the conference that the smaller the nation the keener it was to jealously guard what it called and regarded as its sovereign rights. The

obstacles to peace were far greater to-day than in 1919. The hope was that so long as Britain, the United States and Russia could co-operate and work in harmony the people need not immediately fear another war. They had to face facts and realise that working with Russia meant a compromise, but a compromise should not mean the appeasement of Russia. Even if Russia was regarded as the great enigma nevertheless they must seek every avenue of understanding, and that was why he thought the Berlin meeting now in progress was of major importance and likely to bring better results than the San Francisco Conference.

Mr. Doidge said he wished the Prime Minister had told the House about New Zealand's obligations under the Charter. The Prime Minister said that the question of commitments would be the subject of subsequent agreement.

Responsibilities Not Light Mr. Doidge said he was glad to hear that. It was reasonable to assume that the responsibilities would not be light. He sincerely hoped that universal military training was the ultimate outcome. There would also be a monetary contribution. Mr. Doidge expressed regret that the Government had not seen fit to invite the Leader of the Opposition when he was overseas to go to San Francisco when the conference was in session. Everywhere, concluded Mr. Doidge, the hearts of the common people were pulsating for peace, and the task was to bring the common people of the world together in that common aim. Mr. T. C. Webb (Nat., Kaipara) said the Prime Minister had played an influential part in the proceedings, and maintained the reputation which New Zealand enjoyed at the council tables of the nations. He would like, by way of mild criticism, to suggest that an unique opportunity was lost of obtaining the views of the House on the Dumbarton Oaks Conference before the Prime Minister went to San Francisco.

An Opposition Member: They were not wanted. Praising the work of the Chief Justice, Sir Michael 'Myers, Mr. Webb suggested it was by no means beyond the bounds of probability that New Zealand would be offered a seat on the permanent Court of International Justice, and it would be a fitting climax to the great career of New Zealand's Chief Justice if he were offered that position.

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Permanent link to this item

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS19450725.2.101

Bibliographic details

'NOT GOOD ENOUGH', Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 174, 25 July 1945

Word Count
766

'NOT GOOD ENOUGH' Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 174, 25 July 1945

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