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TWO ALTERNATIVES American Spokesman Urges Japanese Surrender N.Z. Press Association —Copyright WASHINGTON, July 22. Broadcasting as the official spokesman of the United States Government and directly addressing the Japanese leaders, Captain E. C. Zacharias, United States Navy, speaking in Japanese, said: You face two alternatives —the virtual destruction of Japan followed by a dictated peace, or unconditional surrender with its attendant benefits as laid down by the Atlantic Charter. The latter, which is a humanitarian gesture of great constructive value, alone can bring peace and prosperity. "Surrender is a time-honoured formula. Japanese armies have surrendered in the past. If Japan surrenders without delay, it can be assumed that the United States will enforce a formula and ensure peace, but if you delay, we will hold you responsible for the criminal prolongation of a lost war.

"There are still some influential persons in the United States who would not like to see the destruction of Japan, but our patience is rapidly running out. Are Japan's leaders so shortsighted that they cannot see the possible complications they may face if they fail to act promptly?"

A Tokyo radio commentator predicted that President Truman, in response to pressure from the American people, would modify the demand for unconditional surrender. He said the death of President Roosevelt and the collapse of Germany removed the basis for further collaboration among the United Nations.

The commentator argued that Russia was . now rebuilding its national strength and shying away from all attempts to force the Soviet to fight Japan. He added that the British Empire was war-weary and was trying to be relieved of its responsibilities with a minimum token effort.

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Bibliographic details

ENEMY'S CHOICE, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 172, 23 July 1945

Word Count

ENEMY'S CHOICE Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 172, 23 July 1945

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