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Sensational Developments

Believed Possible

LONDON, July 22

Sensational diplomatic and military developments in the Far East war as a result of the Potsdam talks are now fully expected by London diplomats, says the diplomatic correspondent of the Sunday Express. There are persistent reports that the Japanese asked Generalissimo Stalin to put forward peace proposals on their behalf.

The Army and Navy' Journal (United States) says that President Truman carried to the Potsdam Conference a draft of surrender terms as favoured by the State, War and Navy Departments. The terms call for the total loss to Japan of what remains of the fleet and the air forces, .as well. as for other military disarmament. They also demand the loss of territory outside the home islands, the destruction of war industries and the complete control of Japanese economy by the United Nations.

The surrender terms also' designate war criminals. Interest in Potsdam revolves around the question whether Emperor Hirohito will be declared a war criminal and punished accordingly. When Mr. Truman left the United States, the question had not been decided. Liberals and New Dealers were demanding that he be executed. Others felt that the war lords rather than the Emperor were responsible for the Pearl Harbour attack, and as the status of the Emperor did not involve American security, the war would be prolonged only if America should fight to destroy Japan's religious and political systems. The Columbia Broadcasting System's commentator in Washington says it is understood that a Big Three statement from Potsdam within a few days would offer Japan more liberal surrender terms, including freedom of religion and the right to choose whatever form of Government it desired, leaving open the question of the retention of the Emperor. The commentator added that Mr. Truman tiaok draft terms to Potsdam, hoping that Generalissimo Stalin would sign "not necessarily as a belligerent.' Rumours of Japanese peace feelers find no official support in Washington, yet this has not removed completely the possibility that Generalissimo Stalin may have been entrusted with a serious peace formula by the Japanese. It may not be significant that on the eve of M. Molotov's departure for Potsdam, the Japanese Ambassador in Moscow conferred with him.

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Bibliographic details

REPORT OF PEACE MOVE CAUSES STIR, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 172, 23 July 1945

Word Count

REPORT OF PEACE MOVE CAUSES STIR Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 172, 23 July 1945

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