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Published by Arrangement


Here is an important statement on a topic of vital interest, reprinted from the editorial in The Outlook (official organ of the Presbyterian Church of New Zealand);—

! liri a recent public statement, j justifying the Government's proposal ; to take over the Bank of New Zea- : land, the Minister of Finance de- , dared that the purpose was to take ; the bank from the shareholders and j give it. to the people. With the j economic and political reasons for j and against the proposal we are not 1 here concerned, but we are ! greatly concerned with the political ! philosophy which is expressed in the j Minister s statement, for it expresses ; a point of view which is completely at variance with the principles of democracy and freedom. . . "The doctrine that the State is the people is pure Fascism; it is the principle which forms the basis of totalitarian States and against which this war has been and is being fought. From the democratic point of view the State is an organisation set up by the people on behalf of the people to take care of the well-being of the community. In an unorganised community there are some things that the individual cannot do as an individual and so, in order to escape anarchy, he joins with other individuals to create an organisation which will carry out their combined will. But that organisation is a means to an end—it is appointed to serve the people; when it ceases to do so the people have the right to alter its personnel and to change its policy. . .

"Totalitarian States, on the other hand, do not accept this doctrine. They hold that the State is the master and not the servant of the people; in fact, that the State is the people. Whatever the State does is right, and, if the individual or group of individuals, disagrees with any decision of the State, they must be treated as enemies and traitors and be disciplined. . . .

"The view of the State held by both Hitler and Mussolini was of this nature, and the war in .Europe was fought because of it. The New Zealand Government rightly divined the mind of the people when it joined in opposing these totalitarian States when they began-to force their will on other countries than their own. Mr. .Nash is a responsible member of that Government and is, without doubt, sincere in his antagonism to totalitarianism, and it is all the more surprising that he should even inadvertently let slip a phrase which expresses a principle feo greatly at variance with that antagonism. "In these days of changing policies we have special need to beware of glib phrases which have the sound of democracy without its virtue."— Inserted by the Associated Chambers c-" Commerce of New Zealanr

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Bibliographic details

THE STATE IS NOT THE PEOPLE, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 169, 19 July 1945

Word Count

THE STATE IS NOT THE PEOPLE Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 169, 19 July 1945

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