JAPAN'S SURRENDER United States Considering Definition N.Z. Press Association—Copyright Rec. 1 p.m. NEW YORK, July 17. The Washington correspondent of the New York Herald-Tribune learns that the United States is giving serious consideration to a definition of unconditional surrender. Under this, if the Japanese agreed to give up all their stolen territories, strip themselves of military and industrial capacity to wage future wars, the Allies would neither invade nor occupy Japan. A detailed proposal was presented to President Truman on the eve of his departure for Potsdam. It is reported to have been received by him with interest and indications of his general approval. This is chiefly responsible for Mr. Truman's cancellation of his plans to tour Europe after the conference and his decision to return immediately to Washington.
The definition proposes to return all territories seized by force, in keeping with the Cairo declaration, also four steps to wipe out the Japanese war-waging potential— destruction of the fleet, obliteration of the air force, dismantling of shipbuilding facilities and elimination of heavy industries capable of turning out aircraft and munitions.
If the terms were accepted, the Allies would merely send a token supervisory force to Japan to oversee the destruction of military power and war production capacity. The Japanese would be permitted to retain their own form of Government, including the Emperor, and manage their own internal political, economic and social affairs.
Leaflets Dropped From Air
A Guam message says the newest propaganda leaflets dropped on Japan stress that the Japanese can have peace with honour even under unconditional surrender, says the Associated Press correspondent. The leaflets carry pictures of a dozen Japanese militarists, are addressed to Japanese military leaders and the text is based on President Truman's VE day speech.
One million of these new leaflets are being dropped daily over Japan. They ask the military leaders, "Can you convince the Japanese people that you are able to defend the soil, waters and sky of Japan? Did you not promise that our planes would not violate the skies of Japan?"
Another leaflet explains to the Japanese that there is no reason to fear that unconditional surrender means obliteration or bondage for the Japanese people.
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Auckland Star, Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 168, 18 July 1945
TERMS STUDIED Auckland Star, Volume LXXVI, Issue 168, 18 July 1945
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