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BULGARIA'S INDEPENDENCE.

RECOGNISED BY TURKEY.

CONSTANTINOPLE, April 19. The Porte and Bulgaria have at length reached an understanding, and a protocol will be Bigned to-day, and independence thus recognised. One or two questions have been reserved for special settlement. The present movement was foreshadowed in Austria a day or two after the Sultan had granted the Constitution. The Vienna correspondent of the London "Daily Telegraph," writing on the day the Sultan issued his message of thanks for the gratitude of the population, said: "Whilst the Turkish population are revelling in their success, certain fears are evident in the best-informed quarters in Constantinople, as also in Vienna. The possibility that surprises may be in store which could endanger the situation in Turkey, and especially in Macedonia, is being taken into consideration. The attitude of the Constantinople Press is very characteristic. Hitherto tho newspaper censorship has been of a terroristic character; tl,e Press rejects it now, and declares it to be opposed to the Constitution. The principal Turkish paper, Tkdam, , says in a leading article: 'If the Sultan holds to what he has promised may he live long.' Under these word's are plainly hidden doubts as to the sincerity of the Sultan's promises. The same doubt is generally felt in Europe, although in well-informed quarters here it is believed that the Sultan will hold to his word, as he knows very well that otherwise his Hf fi and throne 'will be quickly lost to him. Great doubts are, however, expressed as to whether the Sultan will be In a position to carry out all those changes necessary to the establishment of a modern Constitutional regime. "In the first place, a thorough reorganisation of the country's finances, which have hitherto been entirely in the hands of tlie Sultan, with no outer control, is necessary, and, secondly, the 'camarilla' must be broken up, and the three chief favourites—lzzet Pasha, Raghib Bey and. Ebul Huda—hitherto the chief obstacles in the way of restoring order in tlie affairs of Turkey, must be dismissed. Then follows tho abolition of the police and espionage eystems. Whether the will and energy of the Sultan will be strong enough to shake off the habits and practices to which he has been aooustomed for decades i 3 the great question. ' "Another question is what will follow when the Sultan's strength is insufficient for these things, or if he is really in earnest in the matter of Constitution, whether he will be set aside by the camarilla. Such glimpses into the futuxe of Turkey are, to say the least, disquieting, and show that many ciouds hover over the paradise of the Young Turks' imaginary state of freedom. Diplomatic circles hold the opinion that in the near future no untoward events, bringing complications in their train, need bo feared, as the Turkish reform party will- adopt a waiting attitude. A more serious situation may arise at the connnencement o f the autumn. Should serious disorders break out in Turkey and Macedonia, it is believed that Austria and Russia will receive the full authorisation of the Powers to restore order. "Enyer Bey, the organiser of the Turkish, military movement, has sent the following telegram to the evening papers here from Salonika: "The Sultan has accepted all our demands, and begun carrying them out, For the moment the serious intentions of the Sultan cannot be doubted, thanks to the stability of our organisation and the determination for liberty felt, by the entire Turkish people. We are at any moment in a position again to take up arms and fie-ht more ardently than before.'"

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BULGARIA'S INDEPENDENCE. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 93, 20 April 1909

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