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NEWS, VIEWS, AND OPINIONS.

gone interesting details of the Josnl of money which may be obtainj i, r stewards on crack liners was SL? in tbevcourse of a case which itiri in the King's Bench Division London Courts the other day. An ; tfceard w*b called into the witnessISTuia Itated that he had served on "Zj ii tiirlri of the Peninsular and }Xal Company from 1861 to 1905, a Sod of foriy-f our years. The voyages jTmafle were principally to Australia i ai iidc. According to him, a man ! iL fcnoira how to make himself uses' S to passengers, particularly if he'hapi ll| to be a cabin steward for the flrst- , saloon, can reckon upon making i substantial amount each voy're,- He himself has made £40 in a sin- % trip, & addition to his wages of £3 : fjioiith-.-His record was £94 in tips (ji'tffo voyages. On the other hand, he Sj received as little as £ 13 12/- in tig-for "two voyages, while he was lerriiS as a second-saloon steward. '• The agitation to abolish trousers in ; k ronr o f kneebreeches has again broken ■'■But -After raging mightily for a while, it'iriU die down and be forgotten, and - shall go on wearing trousers. For > 3 peculiarly conservative creature, i, epedally in the matter of dress, and daiiges come with painful slowness. Oae writer reminds us, for instance, how i [tojly.came the change to the double edlar. For tyears it fought its way io man's neck. A few bold spirits • iJopted it, while the great majority ■ Bgaidetf It as a shameful innovation. - Qe'struggle was long, 'but the victory : is complete. The double collar not only f ragns/ tot there are no signs of its de- : mdtion. Where it is, it remains. And ; if aJditional proof be asked of our sartorial conservatism, may we not point I i> our buttons at the back of our ceremonial coats—stubborn reminders of the Jijs when we wore belts and swords— nil onr hats, which, though unilatrily abused, proudly survive? Cess College, Cambridge, ha 3 been fle scene of an amusing hoax. Under- - graduates from all the other colleges ; assembled in the large lecture room a ? few weeks ago to hear Mrs. Carry Na- ■ tins, who was advertised to speak on : the evils of smoking and drinking. The iall was' packed with undergraduates, onoking as hard as they could, because they were told that Mrs. Nation objected to smoking. A person believed to be airs. Cany Nation, addressed the meeting on virions topics, but the discourse was disjointed, as interruptions were extremely frequent. Then it dawned upon the assembly that they had been splendidly hoaxed, and that the person addressing them was no other than a prominent member of Caius College in disguise. Some of his friends were bold enough to call Mm by name, hut no one on the plstform moved a muscle, and-the origJMl programme was carried through. Eventually the meeting broke up amid I uracil disorder, and the impersonator of Mrs. Cwry Nation had an interview With iie Dean. . : ;.]|r.vSr%ider-Haggard , , on the cieca- - iilast month of a visit to Letchworth . idea. City to plant the first of a num- ■ iar of trees to mark the official celekition of ''Arbor Day," made some infewthig remarks on the scheme for najtuinal afforestation proposed by the Roy- ; «1 Commission, of which he was a mcmi hx. The fall scheme suggested that l nine million acres should be afforested for a period of eighty years. At the end of that period the State should have • property worth, xoughly, over 500 millions- of money—nearly 100 millions Bore than the cost of creating it, after •Howuig 3 per cent interest on that out Darther, according to calculations >. which they believed to be sound, and i which lad been checked in every possible |iray,the State should receive seventeen I m eighteen millions a year dear profit. i Of course, for the first forty years there i wnW be no profits, but they must have I Jleginmng. There appeared to foe about = tme million acres which would produce % ibont as much timber as they now an- ;. m% imported into the country. Sup- \ Posng that to be too large, they had : ptpared a second scheme of six million I wes,and he hoped that that scheme, I «aay rate, would be accepted. Ka- ; taal afforestation would afford employi mt Mutually for 18,000 men. Although j itionia help the unemployed, those men V J"* 1 ** al " e and willing to do a fair { «T» work for a fair day's pay. ■ JS^ 80 * 3,618 haTO k* ll a Httfc °ver- , "warning the miser that, I "Hi all Mb devotion to wealth, he will ;-. «ot be able to "take it with him." The a modest competence who m. twd Te years ago in a French vil- ; ; a ge eeane to have made a bold and *' wholly unsuccessful effort not to j ™* to francs behind him. His heirs *H« Unable to find any trace of the _M«rt, and since the opening of iiis 6»™ a month ago they have become 1 vl?'** 4 witll the rfca-son of their 1 ■"Mμ, for inside tHe skeleton was dis- ; Nvered a emn of £30 in gold. Before ""wmtthig suicide, the old man had : to the trouble and inconvenience «jwaflowing his estate. The system applicable only witihin limits, for ** amer ™ an has room for only a £»m amount of metal, and although * might eat a bank-note for a mil- ™°, tiat would only be making the a,legatee. jkisuli has determined to exchange J™™ protection, accorded to him on J* release of Kaid Sir Harry Maclean, g«e position of governor of the Fas jr* 8 - This exchange involves the re■s* of the £20,000 paid for the ransom ™<w.Kaid after five months' captivity h v mott ntains. For several weeks S^i; has been in Fez making his peace j/B , the new Sultan. Mulai Hand readseveral thoueand dollars, but to ignore the petition of r«wi and kept him a prisoner at large. Majeaty : seems to have relented, and panted the ex-brigand's request ■ . M made governor of the hill tribes Smwr 8 "* - lon S as Kaisuli rerr? I . a British protege he could take no u^r 00 or responsibility under the MoorThat he should seek ,to "H^? of this disability is not ;^P^inyi ew of the possiDili ties of W^l but that he should "be ready H?™" 1 toe sum of £20,000 is not only •"£jng, but may be accepted as some tW. for the tenuous protest of - of the Fas, who do not believe i iJJ 141 ™ 1 will pay away so much he sees his way to make ; else provide him with more. ;.' &2 rmB Mies of withdrawing the pro- ■; fijp&W fee jflrtonned. ut the British

: 3fm French hygieniet -•who. .xecommende that servants at the dinner- j table should do their j office in gloves which have been boiled for the occasion, and dried in hot air, in order .to avoid and possible transference of the omnipresent microbe to the..viands, waa anticipated some time ago, and in a select company, moreover, tKat had considerable' experience m the matter. When, at the famous swarry given by that select company of.the footmen of Bath which, entertained Mr Weller, the Bwarry was on.the table, the chairman, it ■will be remembered, inquired of the attendant: "Harris, have you got your gloves on?" And not until Harris had responded affirmatively was the order given to "take the kiver off." Open confession, it has been deslared, is good for the soul. It may, it seems, sometimes result in material advantage, also. The Southampton (England) Quarter Sessions had passed on a criminous person a sentence of three months' imprisonment, "with hard." The prisoner elected to take the opinion of the recently established Court of Criminal Appeal. His appeal was based on technical grounds. The Quarter Sessions Bench was justified in its sentence of three months; but the hard labour was illegal. The illegality was admitted; but the Appeal Court had no power to amend. Its power to do so only extends to a sentence that has been warranted by the verdict of a jury. But, in this case, there was no verdict: the prisoner had owned up. The result was that, though the offence was thus admitted, the conviction was quashed on the technical point. There was a happy combination of circumstances for the appellant, which, as 'Dickens said of the pattern of Macready's waistcoat, is unlikely to occur often. The thumb print system as a means of identification has been adopted by a Wyoming bank, there being so many foreigners among its depositors who cannot even write their names legibly. The thumb print system has in this case saved much trouble, and according to some members of the bank works psrfectly. Under the old system the filing of a new depositor's signature was required in order to identify his cheques and detect a forgery, if one should be attempted. But the bark officials were put to all kinds of tr- jle when many of their depositors placed signatures on file which would present to ordinary chirographical experts impossible problems. The assistant cashier thought of the thumb print idea, and immediately put it into effect with the result that the bank is not likely to change to the old system. So to-day each foreign patron, when he makes Eis first deposit, is required to place his thumb on an inked pad, and then make an impressio non a card, which, with his ordinary signature and his name as written by the bank cashier, is deposited in the records of the bank. Whenever a cheque is presented drawn by this patron his thumb print, as ■well as his signature, must appear upon it, and must correspond with that on the card. Two French scientists are advancing the entirely new theory that muscular and nervous energy, is increased or decreased accordingly as action, whether physical or mental, is being.performed at certain points of the compass. The new law—as its inventors call to the condition of rest or repose just, as much as itvdoes to action. Theydecjjijre, it to be a scientific fact that the most favourable position in which to sleep is with the head to the north or to the south; the most unfavourable with the head to the east or the west. The instrument which has afforded them such returns as to merit inclusion among exact scientific phenomena, is called a sthenometeror force-indicator. The contrivance is a simple one, and consists in sticking a straw horizontal-wise upon the needle rest of a compass dial .under the glass case. Then piace your fingertips at one point of the straw, outside the glass, and you will note that it moves a certain number of degrees within a quarter of a circle —the number of degrees depending on the strength and activity of the nervous fluid which issues from your flnger-fips. The majority of people attract the straw toward them, but many, especially hysterical persons, repel it. The inventors, after experimenting with several hundreds of people, found that in the north and south positions there was a greater flow of electrical energy from the finger-tips; in the east and west there was a smaller flow, and.that, consequently, the body retained more of its energy and was better able to cope with the demands made upon it during active work. "Never be cats," said the Bishop of 'London recently, to the girls at the Graham-street School. "You need not be in the least afraid of being an old maid so long as you are not an old cat." His Lordship explained that "the curse of that part of London" is "the old catty spirit." He might have gone farther afield, and indulged in a generalisation inclusive of the entire habitable globe. For it is a melancholy fact that ''the old catty spirit" is strong in the sex. Indeed, there is something to be said for that young woman's point of view who referred to the whole of 'her sex, including her mother, but excluding herself, as "those cats." The truth is that one is compelled, as Shakespeare says, to "hold the opinion of Pythagoras"— if not "that the soul of our grandam may haply inhabit a bird,?' at least that the bodies of too many grandams are — by process of (shall we say infested?) by cats. Gasolene makes the world go round. It takes 150,000,000 gallons a year to move the wheels of the ■ motor-cars in use in the United States alone, and 150,000,000 more to spin the tyres of motor-cars on the Continent. It can be said with moderation that gasolene as a generator of motive power has-been the chief factor in the development of the modern motor-car. Time was when gasolene was sunk in innocuous desuetude as the cleaner of the family's one pair of white gloves, or prominent as the agent which assisted heavenward small boys who investigated it with lighted matches. These were, the days when the possibilities of the by-product were dormant. In the early days of the petroleum industry, when there were no "pipes" or pipe lines, no'attention was paid to naphtha, the refining of which produces gasolene. There was a big and immediate market for illuminatr ing oil, and immense quantities of naphtha- were wasted,, being allowed .to evaporate or being burned in pits. A small amount was used for fuel 1 under boilers, but for the most part the chief anxiety was to get rid of it. When one considers the manufacture, handling, and distribution of the 150,000,000 gallons used in the United States alone, ani that it is possible to obtain a supply of satisfactory quality not only in the cities, but in the country districts, he appreciates what the. motor-car, means to the oil man. ■■■"■■■ -;i-- •■■; V. .;:,

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NEWS, VIEWS, AND OPINIONS. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 0, 17 April 1909

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