YOUNG MAORI PARTY.
(By Telegrapt.—-Own Correspondent.) ROTORUA, this day. At the Young Maori party conference, on a ~paper-Sva3contributed; by Miss Stirling,Jßx TeVAute, on Ihe'.influ-: enc-e of women, instancing the primeval case of Adam and Eve, where unfortunately the; influence was evil, but- almost ever since-woman's influence had been exercised for tie betterment of tlie human race. She mentioned the influence of woman amongst natives, instancing the heroism of those at Orakau, where they preferred to die with their menfolk rather than save their lives by deserting them. Reference was made, to ±he -work. .'- bl' Miss J-feylelahif Miss Rotu Numia in the interests.;-ofy child-life aud installing of Christian', principles amongst them. .Women's Associations had been formed in Hawke's Bay to prevent the sale of alcohol amongst natives. The Rev. -jtbhere's paper dealt with marriage laws amongst the natives, and contrasted'the custom. oJLEuropeans preparing a home.before."ma.rriage with the ilaons who, married: firsthand made preparations afterwards. _,'^"','\ The;Hon- A/T.. Ngata-referred to certain-, phases of -"inbrality and .loose marriage lies, Mr, Kgata agreed that anci--t&& '.Maori Tnarriagea conformed to a "binding ceremony,"but since 'the- Euro--peans came there was -nruch laxity. The Church complained that -many marriages were''not;iega.Esed".~.':':The."Native Land Court re'ooghSed:the issue/bf these loose marriages". as; entitled, and hence this might be af actor in encouraging -lose marriages ,-not legally solemnised. He-asked-whether all-Maori marriages shauld- : be legally .conducted. After disenssion,;.he. moved. "That; inquiries be made by the: Association ,as to whether all Maori marriagesyshduld -not be made to conform to the laws." * This was carTied unanimously, aid a vote of hearty thanks to Mr. Ngata for his Valuable suggestions and. lucid explanations was car- ■ lied.with acclamation, as -were also votes . of thanks toMiss Stirling and the Rev. Exihere for' their papers. Thursday's sitting began, at 10 a.m., iwhen some -alterations to the constitution were passed. A paper on Maori farming, written by Sir Robert Stout, .was read by the Hon. Ngata. It referrred to the former style of cultivation, which .-met existing necessities, but pointed out. that to enable -the Maori ito live now-he must adopt the ideas of the they would sink .; ito the position.of slaves to the dominant - xace, or perish altogether. He suggested co-operative farming, as already tried in sheep-farming and dairy-farming, should : be followed on certain lines as indicated at Nuhaka and one or two other places. A number of young Natives should be chosen, and sent to experimental farms, • and also to places where trades could - ibe learned, the trained men to afterwards instruct others. Fruit farming ;was also suggested, arid a plan on which it-could be carried out was indicated. The paper urged the necessity of undertaking open-air work, which would be the only hope of saving the Tace, as s dentary occupations were unsuitable. • The evil of crowding to towns was pointed out, as was evidenced in European population, which- was forced into . slums and insanitary surroundings. These evils would deteriorate the whites unless steps were taken to counteract their influences, and the same results would follow in the case of the Natives unless they pursued, the , nyore natural life. The paper was received with much interest and applause. r Another paper read was one by Ranata- ' Ngata on judicious sheep-breeding, which was well received. The Rev. Maunsell and Tenaiti Tuhoe also spoke. A paper by Henry Bennett on co-operative storekeeping was read and applauded. Mr. Birks, of the Public Works Department (Rotorua), read a paper on modern Maori architecture. He praised real ancient Maori style, which, however, sacrificed utility to representation of ideals and sentiment. 7B£ waOiighly desirable that ancieU£~» MaSri J'jarchjtectuxalt;. designs' should' be preserved; and--his;iDepartrnent I was endeavouring to retain-them before' they disappeared- altogether.- Standard plans and' estimates had been prepared I by his Department for the use of the (Natives and others wishing to build in ithe style at moderate prices. He referred 4o the Maori pa now being erected by 1 the Government, which would exemplify Maori styles of buildings. The Maoris bad evidently lost their former pride in .".the beauty, of \ their buildings, and it ms 3 tpjbe,desir;ed thajt. the pride should b_e should be preserved—where they-rdid--not clash vriih modern teachings, and even some of-the .traditional ideas, as such, "were worthy of being preserved. He suggested that Hamilton's h°ok_on building be distributed amongst the Natives. Mr. Lundon exhibited and explained plans, and went into the question of cost. He suggests that fuller information as to Maori buildings and plans •be obtained. The Hon. Ngata regretted that such information had not been gathered, and hoped efforts would be made to obtain it. He also said the Maoris had not lost pride in public buildings, but mentioned that private buildings never had. been much attended to. '
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