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AZEFF THE SPY.

' THE -TERROR OP.TERRORISTS. HIS BETRAYER INDICTED. (Received 8:35 a.m./; ST. PETERSBURG, April 15. " An issuedyby the: Secret Service Department, charges M. Lopukhin with treason : in baring, uridef.-tbe stress of intimidation, betrayed- AasE.,to the revolutionaries, thus assisting the , State's enemies. -, Azeff fled after his betrayal. y ':.'.-: ( : The .indictment y recapitulates AzefTs enormous and surprising services'to. the Secret Police, while Lopukhin, his betrayer, was a director of the police under the Department of the Ministry; for the Interior..- iv,,,: ■■ " s ''' ■"' Russian society in all grades was disturbed to its depths in February by the legend of Azeff, who was in the pay.of the police while prominently identified with the Revolutionary; Committee." He has been.accused of. "selling" both the police arid the Terrorists, and it isprolk übly to dispel the many legends which have clustered round bis name-that the indictment of Lopukhin refers to his ser- . vices, to the State. He was once '-'tried" : by the revolutionaries for treachery,-but , indignantly and triumphantly repelled the charge as a calumny, and continued to enjoy the unbounded confidence of the criminal plotters, whose-power for-evil he was -systematically paralysing." He never; lost that confidence until the exchief testified that: he was in the employ of the 'Secret Police. November Azeffinformed M.'Lopukhiri that ho would be questioned about him (Azeff) by the Revolutionary Committee, and that he hoped that M. Lopukhin .would screen him. M. Lopukhin did not screen, but surrendered, him, testifying that Azeff was an emissary of the Russian police. After that the committee passed the death'sentence on Azeff, who, being then abroad, disappeared entirely from the horizon of the Police Department. In Russia two Socialist organisations exist, the Social Deinpcratio arid the Socialist Revolutionary party—the "parti de combat" which organises terrorist outrages. At the head- of this latter -organisation was Azeff, who played the; leading role in all its actions. Azeff has just been tried by a sort of revolutionary "Vehmgencht," which found him guilty of being an "agent prorocateur' in the pay of the Russian: police, from which ; he received 10,000 roubles a year. While Azeff took . a prominent part in all the undertakings of his party he was in constant 'com. munication with the Russian Secret , Police. It was stated that with the exception of two cases all the terrorist plots and outrages of the last few years were instigated by Azeff, and that the terrorists designated to carry out the ''executions" were denounced' by him in advance to the police. It is further stated that Azeff was authorised by the Secret Police. to carry. out as many outrages as he liked. He was only forbidden to touch the persons of the Czar or his Ministers. It waa alleged that the deaths of the Grand Duke. Sergius and M. de Plehve,- chief of 'police,'and the Governor of Ufa were also the work of Azeff,-acting at the instigation of -the , Secret Police. The Suspicions of the Socialist Revolutionary party were aroused on many occasions, but he always, outwitted, his. accusers. In referring to Azeff in the Douma in February Stolypin said.that Azeff was an ordinary police ■" agent to whom revolutionary sources ascribe. legendary, qualities and colossal crimes. So tar as the.-.murders of the Governor of Ufa and M. Plehve were concerned, Azeff s .position among the revolutionaries up to 1006 was not an influential 'one,' arid he could, therefore neither have played a part in nor'nave prevented the outrages of that year.y. It was only in 1906 that Azeff became an agent of the Central Committee, whose plots, afterwards failed. M. Lopukhin, who betrayed;Azeff to the revolutionaries' in London, would shortly have sentence pronounced oh,him. Even M. Lopukhin had no knowledge of Azeff's alleged crimes. As long as the-revolutionary terror lasted, the spy service must continue. Acts of provocation, however, would not be endured. The police syssaid M. Stolypin, in conclusion, was only a means to quiet labour for .the: creation of a renovated and free Russia, free: from poverty, ignorance, and laWleisneu, arid universally; loyal; toi its Emperor...... ' , "':'■ ■

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AZEFF THE SPY. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 90, 16 April 1909

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