PLAGUE IN SYDNEY.
THE SITUATION SERIOUS.
(Received 10 a.m.) SYDNEY, this day. Plague rats were discovered yesterday In five different city premises. The health authorities consider the situation serious, and appeal to the citizens to co-operate in drastic action for the extermination of rats. PRECAUTIONS IN AUCKLAND. NO OCCASION FOR ALARM. According to Dr. Purely, health officer for Auckland, we need take no alarm here in fear of plague invasion from the other side. Auckland is infinitely better able to cope with possibilities of that variety now than it was at the time of the last attack, while the rigid system of supervision over rodents makes it extremely unlikely that a plague infected rat would distribute the disease among many of his fellows before being discovered. Speaking on the subject of plague and precautions against its dissemination amongst us to a "Star" reporter this morning, Dr. Purdy remarked that for the last four years a systematic examination of rats has been made each week in Auckland. These rate are chiefly obtained from round the wharves and'from the dust collectors, a small fee being paid for collecting, Altogether, last year, 337 rats were examined by the Health Department in Auckland" and not a single one of them was infected. "As far as the Auckland harbour is concealed, there is no doubt that the number of rats has very largely decreased since thr last plague scare in Auckland," said the doctor, who ascribed this diminution to the vigorous measures taken towards tbat end s and not a little, incidentally, to the introduction of a new "rat exterminator" by the Health Department. This preparation, ne was of opinion, had been responsible for a great mortality among the rodents, places previously infested being now comparatively clear of them through its use. Another factor is the replacement of the wooden wharves with ferro-cooicrete, and the improvement of the warehouses about the wharves. Dr. Purdy puts very little value on the bacillary preparations for the destruction of rats, his experiments with the Danysy bacillus coinciding, he said, witß those in Sydney and •other centres, to the effect that it was ineffective. The improved and improving sanitation of the city is another phase that militates against the possibilities of plague getting anything like a footing here, for plague dreads cleanliness as its most inveterate enemy. The Health Officer has much praise for Chief Inspector Haynes, of the City Council, in respect to the more general precaution of cleanliness, and gives credit also to the work of other local body inspectors. Tn short, he considers that, . although the introduction from Sydney, chiefly per medium of the rat, is always imminent, such a possibility iieed raise no particular alarm in th/s breasts of Aueklanders.
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