A. C. SWINBURNE.
LONDON, ApriMO. The death is announced, from pneumonia, of Mr Algernon Charles Swinburne, the poet, in his 73rd year.
Algernon Charles Swinburne, last and greatest of the poets of the nineteenth century, was the son of Admiral Charles Henry Swinburne and Lady Jane, daughter of the third Earl of Ashburnham. His first dramas, "The Queen Mother" and were published when he was 23, and five years later the publication of "Atlanta" and "Calydon" and "Chastelandj" followed by the famous "Poems and Ballads," lifted him to the leadership of contemporary poets. "Songs Before Sunrise," the second series of "Poems and Ballads," and a series of tragedies, occupied him up to 1879, when he published his eloquent study of Shakespeare. Two years later he com pleted his great Elizabethan trilogy with Mary Stuart's Bothwell, the second of the series having succeeded "Chasteland" in 1874. Besides his wealth of poetry, Mr. Swinburne was active as a critic, and with heart-whole enthusiasm he wrote wonderfully of Elizabethan literature. No one haß done so much to free English literature from the shackles of formalism, or has pursued the poetic calling with so sincere and resplendent an allegiance to the clajins of absolute and unadulterated poetry. His technique revolutionised the whole English system of metrical expression, and rendered incalculable service to English as a vehicle for lyrical effect. .
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