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GARRISON ARTILLERY MANOEUVRES.

j so*f&wn Q-f.'s. ; I 50BT GAL-TLEY, Friday, j the Auckland Garrison ** practical mat all forts d,**f A Sita.d Harltonr. Iv connee-j of i"-^™ ct "? n a ,-i> I &*?££"* a* *" W*2 ■ ions and fire commander J chief instr-^-, artillery for >ew Zc- •*? Sfcionably enthusing t.e d a J^T ilo ovs under his direction. Tnd Cantain Archibald J C Ca H. Forbes is staff officer to. and Lieu, rnee <SS ar= on duty in the picket ?fL of electric Ughts Th- medical Lieut.-* 01. tt a - Staff, and Surgeon-tap-; l ß A*(Fort Cautley,. Murray JjB«).»l Ferguson (Fort STAB* j j nod. into camp «re:n't' Fort j fLts and 80d1e... I'JJ ! vf'Company, quartered at Frrr , s t3ff ) under Cpt.m Ster. lietrts. Ewati. rineh ... ,0 ■ I, 3 Compaay. quartered at Fort EST™ 36I Captam 3loran, Tjssil. CoDedge and Jackson s.l TfrasKat Force •■• ; ' ! oS fan mm - an£n, " r "' Ur-tim and Devonport. quart- ; ga at Takapunf. under Capta in Sffipleni — * ' Total 4r ' ] : nt nanosiirres thLs year are pecul m t bfe fact that this is them« time S Zfetetarvofthe Auckland ftrnson = tight firms has taken p.ac-. an... , i ZJiaA iastraction has on - beenj i So "ones before hi Xew Zealand, to i |j) fe WeCJaston last Easter. 1 He parriHilar importance and value , i d tteTcamps of mstrucuon becomes . i .IW Trita a little reflection The | i D ld aw "Si vis pacem para bellum 1-., ; rf totrrse. iamffiar to us all. It 1- ap- | \ |Ba *to«e«r, that in any given in- ; sms the preparation ior war may tvcf a more or less intellkrcnt character. Ib true valie-tlat is to say. the in-1 i trmsic vahs oi what has been well ; r oEed the srategy of peace—will only ; be discovered in time of war. The tnvI dijeet oi all military training is to tithe trained for the circumstances and renditions ftey are likely to he called trcon to emteid trith when war breaks out. Xo-v, TTHAT A2E THE SPrTIAI CTRCT"M--STASCES OF ISEW ffiiLAXD? ObviooslT the one of paramount im-' portince in eonsHerins what our "■-■ ter- of defence should be is our isola-te-in the sense that we are separated ntm every other State by tue ocean. Fsa; being so, it follows that if we are attacked at all we shall be attacked by =ea. isi therefore the most important feature of onr defence must be coastal effatee hv means of garrison artillery, witi all the other traits of the defence forces operating on the coast To go a step further. History is full cf mstances of attacks upon coa-ta! defaces, and the latest of these were af- ! foiled by the Ensso-.Tapanese war. pregnant with lessons all pointing the ana moral—the inferiority of battle sps to ports in such contests. r,r. at ret rate, the serious disadvantage a: > viich the former are placed in relation k tie latter. Admiral TO2O di -cove red 2 the Basso-Japanese war. that -hips : 12 rot ronstrncted to attack forts at 89 tpErters. Xo extraordinary pr-rs-?s3t is reqtrjred. therefore, to show Saj rftaiis upon forts in daylight j rani emhody such risks as to court •Suss Heritable disaster. The obje. 1 . ess attack by sea consequent!v i* to tsroy or evade forts if poss|!-t.-> and ; rack docks, shipping, harbour work-. : cisoon. Bus can only be attempted ; Jja some hope of success at night. = axe the strrpassing inrportance r.f mii srsftioTi in rdsht firinr: for garrison ) itriilerr. Fsr a rerr long time the Defence anI &rrfe oi Sew Zealand were averse to \ Efkiiraig. because it was thought to be ;• J sssace to shipping. Even were this so I ■kt esent. it could scarcely be ae. eprias a conclusive objectiivn to in- | SIMQffl being given therein, because THEJEEE ESISTEXCE OF Rl>K ®*ti fe made the gr C . un d f nr n^w-i----s.sajel£ment of traininc without which 0 i our defence nu-t n°ces- : Wry Seriously. However. Otewt had the advantage" of wi-nessi™ : oi thp P ist two nights' ~* «Tthe elaborate precautions taken l*Brt mishap in this first firing by i must have realised i -71," ?" with comnlete safety \ garrison gunners inI Ratios very important branch i fe^J 5 access of the new ! S^^ 1 the P° int of riet, of th.' | Sa^^ revealed in the escla- : fsr t^-ri one gmner l 0 a a officer at ter-T^L 3 " 61 drin s ha <i ceased «• Ji!S ired dliferent aTs th. i SrT2 Slastlc conviction was es I C*- rfms- ! isned General Orde- ] S th. * • tetTin S Auckland fo i a= SarrisoTn ,° the len T «"harf b- • with th ! WS mes " °*"riral at thei ! !&.«- " P«««ied to BiSi F ° R ACTION I jMfcSJ? the Ti ™ Commande, their ? 6faort drill - «tw t 1 S tWr Position. I £ S *X- PPr ° a<:b as near to sei 3 »it!i Par,*,- C °2nnand e r and hi fa fort m turf . vi,ite moment approaches t-e ot uiEUI , smr ' ' an(l hell lts« to ."tie wnrlfl."

The party leaves the Fort Cautley wharf for Fort Bastion, where the openI ing shots of the manoeuvres are to be 1 fired. After some time has been spent i n I inspecting the searchlight apparatus, the fort itself, comprising two G-inch guns, is 1 reached. Here an interminable delay oc- j j curs. Before the tiring can commence j it is necessary that the range and five I degrees on either side of its outer eon- | fines should be clear of vessels. The I I searchlight sweeps the harbour. There is I i a baker's dozen of yachts in the forbidden I area. It is the first night of the Easter' holidays, and seemingly the whole fleet j 01 yachts is moving down the harbour I each j REVEALTXG ITS GUILTY PRESENCE I j under the searching rays. Captain Rich- j |ards„n. calm and impassive, again and I again, in short, quiet tones 0 f command, I orders the motion of the light. The gu„ I ; squads are paraded, exercised, dismissed i land paraded again. Meanwhile the mvs-j Itenes of gunnery are explained in out-1 ,line. and. the various movements and j ; mountings of the guns revealed by cour-1 I terns staff officers to inquisitive' press-' : men. It is all very wonderful: all very I .inspiring. To explain the working and! loading and sighting and recoiling of a gun would necessitate columns of description, most of which would be unintelli-; jgible to the uninitiated, and unnecessary j to the expprt. Supreme consideration of i : space requires that we should pass on. content to ponder upon the impressive- ! ness of these merciless engines of destruci tion. For they are impressive, and they | I dn bring home to you the awfulness of I (war. nhich, when the counsels 0 f reason j nave failed, has to determine the life and ! death of nations. I j It is after two in the moraine-. \\ group of cloaked officers stand on the" I summit of the fort. The moon shines i bright, cold and clear. The air is calm. 1 j f>nro again the squads parade and man : their guns. The searchlight degree by ' j degree .-weeps the silent %ea. At last 1 the mug" is clear, attd the target, 3500 ! raids away, in size equivalent to the I I broadside of a battleship, but showing \ ; two miles off a= a small white spec, is! 1 unmasked. In short. sharp, decisive tones the order is given: ' A BLIXDIXG FLASH, a deafening report, the whistling sound I 01 a projectile whizzing through the air. a violent concussion as of an earth-' quake, a splash, a column of water ris-1 ing in th<> air. and peace, perfect peace' again. When you have carefully felt! yourself to make -ure you are all there: I when the temporary eclampsy has passed; I away, the revulsion from a momentary ! tension finds expression in an excited j torrent of words: "It was magnificent. ' it was terrible."' The =hot has hit its I mark fair and square. The result of the! fir<t shot fired at night by the A tick-! j land Tlarri-on Artillery is a brilliant -in'i'*". It teils that an enemy who shall visit Auckland harbour will not 1 have to reckon with toy soldiers. An- | other bang, another flash, and the second : -hot also finds its mark. Decidedly our I men preserve all the old qualities which j made their nation great. They prove ! worthy of their world fa.m-1 ed ancestors. Two more shots fall short, but under the peculiar and novel circumstances are distinctly meritorious. And it is all done with the quiet phlegm and j unruffled calm which ever characterised j ! tn- British soldier. j A r 3 a.m. the party are "back at Fori j Cautley. where the 12-pounders are "brought into action. These are I MODERX Q.F. OUXS. TTRXISTTED WITH AUTOSIGHTS, I riispensinsr wit li range finders, and from whi.-h. providing the guns be laid proI perlv. ev«ry round will infallibly find j it- murk. This i- the system of fighting '! all modern guns. Six shots are fired I from each and nine hits recorded, a .! splendid achievement, the range being i Hloo %-ards and the target a record one. ! i.e.. its superstructure consists-, of vvire-j-netting, which record the number of 'I -hots that penetrate it. ! It is now four o'clock in the morning. i but the night's work is by no means : over. The party proceed to Fort Taka- ' ! puna, twenty minutes' walk away, where !| the yix-inch" guns are given a turn with 1 the same success a= Wore. Just think' ! of it: the first night firing ever at-j "! tempted here. X) shots fired and 75 per, ' I cent, reach home. It is splendid. Dog 1 \.\ tired, but highly gratified, the party . I wends it weary way back to Fort] , j ("nutley: ! -1 ! .The sion-worrc stows the matin to b" near 1 An<l 'inns t.i pale his uneffectual fire." j With the crash and din of victorious guns -till ringing in their ears, all turn I ' Fnto bunk to snatch a brief repose 'ere another strenuous day begins—all with an add-' sense of security born of the great performance of our "boys, and a \ new pride m their achievements. In the face of what precedes. WHO SHALL DARE T<"> SAY " that an Easter camp is a camp of idle"ine-. that ir involves a wa-te of time ' and nior.ev that it serves no useful purI nose Yet there be such Jeremiahs. The answer is simple. Look tint at the ' I time-table of the first twenty-four ." Tpjn. to 11 p.m.-.Goine into camp.- ---' ! Preparing for action. " j 11.30 P.m. to 5.30 a.m.: Night firing. 'I 9 a i-'to m.on: Drill and day firing. a - 1.30 p.m. to 3.30 p.m.: Drill and firing. j li p.m.: Prepare for night firing. 1 . What. pray. is there of idleness here? J '• Etlt oi:- thing has been overlooked: !'! Time for <=leepf Who. too. shall say that !< ! this is a «stp of money. See the men A " : a . work Observe their spirit. Note ° ; thVr achievements. Each and every one '" j feels how "du'ce et decorum est pro ilnatria mori." The motto of all "nund ! guam non paratus." And to those who o! sav that r!o useful purpose is served, IXI let Addi-on reply: ie I I- : .. .-., nl . ln mortals to command success. 1 Bu t T .;- u rto more. Senipror us, wen ■ri ' ,i£ """ rTe i: "" ie The summarised time-table set forth m above by no means: enumerates all ihe >r! work of officers. Throughout the mann. oeuves in addition to the duties speciiy ■ Red. one or more officers is engaged in le reconnaissance work and sketching. SUDd ! plying the o.C. with information as to i" poss-hie landings, and so on. _ ir The firing yesterday was exceedingly interesting "and the results were again v- grratifving". It was of the class known j as long-range battle practice, and meluded in the afternoon the firing of a '''' few rounds of time shrapnel, which burst t0 in the air at targets representing land J*' ing parties on Rangitoto. Yesterday the •r- ! "WAR GAME" j began between a Red and a Bk.e force d-I It is a highly interesting -jrc jlem ii he coast defence,"and has for t ' bject tt lis I train officers in tactics, a mi : essentia ed feature of military '.raining, if strategy he ; b- the art of making your encv.y ligh' : ! wbsn he is at a disr.'dvaiit.-.g- t:'Ctic: ; consists !n making him tight i" >tr. Un -. j favourable position, It is not, ol course "' I possible at this stage to divulg-o the de tails of the movements of the contend

ing forces, but the general idea governing the operations is interesting. It is this: Relations are supposed to be strained between Great Britain and a foreign Power (X). It is considered possible that a formal declaration of war will be made a_t any moment. (X) is |, .equal in naval strength to Britain iali J the Pacific, and also has a military j : force available for raiding expeditions. I, The Australasian squadron on the night ; jof the Sth April, 1909, was at Thursday j Island. (X) squadron was reported to j : be at Xew Pommern cm the same date.! - 1 except several vessel? of the X fleet,': ' which are unaccounted for. The whole j of the British ports have in consequence ' i taken the usua.l precautionary measures ! . that precede the formal declaration of j. war. I 1 Much interest is taken in the move- 1 ments of the two forces, and the opera-1 tic-ns will be described in "The Star in j'due course. j'

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GARRISON ARTILLERY MANOEUVRES. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 85, 10 April 1909

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