EDUCATION OF WOMEN.
ADVANTAGES rN NEW ZEALAND.
SPEECH BY HOX. G. FOWLDS.
The question of the higher education of women, says the Hon. George Fowlds, Xew Zealand's Minister of Education, has only "been before the British public foi a comparatively short time. Speaking on Thursday at the opening of the new school in Howe-street, the Minister said that it was only within the last 50 years that the movement had taken a hold on the British people that higher education should be provided for women as well as for men. And with 50 years' experience the Homeland still refused-to women that measure of justice which Xe>w Zealand had been granting for years. He referred 'particularly, he explained, to the non-granting of degrees. England's attitude was little short of scandalous. Women should be given what they earned. He hoped this would soon be remedied, and he thought it would if tlje women of England had that political privilege which the women of Xew Zealand enjoy, which the women of England were fighting for, and which they would probably soon receive.
The question of the character of education for women was surrounded with many difficulties, and was particularly difficult in a new country like New Zealand, wliere there was not a large population to draw upon to provide the various classes. Xew Zealand had endeavoured to provide education which would suit girls who were desirous of taking up the studies of higher education, and would at the same time fit them for a home. It must be recognised by all that the principal duties in life of the great majority of young women folk would 'be the care of a home. True, some would pursue professional careers, and others, while hoping to fill the role for which woman was meant, would meantime fortify themselves with the means of earning a living. Therefore it was difficult to fit up a curriculum. All schools for some time have been rtcognising the desirableness of teaching domestic arts and sciences, because all young women should have- 6ome scientific domestic knowledge which would help to qualify them well for the duties of home and motherhood.
The Government had provided free secondary education for girls up *x> the age of 19, and it would depend to a very large extent on the discretion of the heads of the department how far it will be extended. If a success, it might be extended still further. The Department had endeavoured to lessen the strain of examinations on girls. The strain of these examinations was very great, and greater on girls than on boys. The educational authorities must real.se the physiological difference between boys and girl 6as between men and women.
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