NEW ZEALAND LOCAL OPTION
THE RBV. E. WALKER'S ANALYSIS. The following table, prepared by the Rev. Edward Walker, honorary parliamentary agent of the Grand Lodge of Good Templars, shows the percentage of persons recording valid votes who voted for No-license in the Auckland Provincial District at the 1800, 1899, 1902, 1905, and 1908 local option polls. The results stated below are based on the gazetted official figures:— Percentage. 1890. l&m. 1902. 1905. 100 S. AUCKLAND— City 36.69 42.82 44.0 49.56 54.88 $Eden 40.59 42.1:> 46.31 54.37 63.00 t«Grpy I.yun . — — 02.93 03.35 71.23 Waitemata . 39.76 55.53 40.84 49.06 56.70 Marsdcn ... 51.51 40.87 52.86 55.10 06.02 •Kalpara — — 38.00 47.47 51.44 B of Islnnus 34.11 30.42 83.91 40.75 46.92 M.inukau .. 37.00 37.01 43.03 54.21 50.45 Franklin ... 42.40 43.50 51.08 51.45 56.59 Thames 44.30 41.00 50.02 51.45 52.72 tOliinemurl . 30.56 55.f>0 47.84 48.55 61.63 Waikato ... 35.09 32.07 38.10 54.47 52.11 B. of Plenty 30.48 35.10 43.50 52.50 42.93 •Tauranga .. — — — — 54.81 Provincial percentages .. 39.13 41.32 44.41 51.24 56.21 Mr. Walker also gives the returns for all the other electorates in the Dominion. He gives the aggregate provincial percentages as shewn upon the voting" at the last election as follows: — Hawke's Bay, 49.20; Taranaki, 51.05; Wellington, 54.82; Nelson, Marlborough, Westland, 46.99; Canterbury, 50.01; Otago and Southland, 55.84. Dominion percentages for five successive years:—• 1596, 37.82; 1899, 42.23; 1902, 48.88; 1905, 51.27; 19D8, MAS. In commenting upon these results, Mr. Walker states:—"The triennial licensing poll in 1908 was taken on Tuesday, November 17. The licensing districts are coterminous with the parliamentary electorates, and the parliamentary rolls (adult suffrage) are used for the licensing polls, which are taken simultaneously with parliamentary general elections, all on one day. There are now 70 electorates. But in each of the four principal cities three electorates constitute one licensing district. At the last poll an average of 5451 persons in each parliamentary electorate voted on the granting of licenses, or a total of 414,292, of whom 221,471 voted for "No-license," which meant that no license of any description wholesale or retail, for the sale of liquor should be granted in their respective districts. It will be seen above that six districts carried "No-license" last time, so that there are now 12 "Nolicense" districts (one of them, however, being continued by a minority vote), and that there are 38 districts (or 4G electorates, as the four principal cities abovu referred to arc included) in which licenses continue by the votes of the minority only, and but 18 •electorates in the whole. Dominion in which licensee are continued by the votes of the majority. So that if every issue at the licensing polls were determined by the majority of the voters, instead of the law at present giving an inequitable voting advantage to the "trade" by making two "trade" votes the equivalent of three reform votes, 57 of the 76 electorates into which the Dominion is divided would be "dry," including the four largest centres of population, after June 30, 1909, when ail existing licenses expire. In addition to the district, a Dominion 1 option is urgent, giving no-license to the whole Dominion or to either island upon a majority of the peTsona who vote therein respectively voting for Dominion no-license, and that every issue submitted be determinable by the majority of those "who vote. The no-license vote for the North Island in 1908 was 54.53 of the persons who voted, and for the i South Island 52.17."
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