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AN EMPIRE ARMY.

THE OR.GA2OSATIQK 0F : IMEKBIAU DEFENCE. (From Our Special Correspondent.) LONDON, February 19. The. British War Minister's pjroposals which have been submitted to the Colonial Governments, are understood to embody a scheuie for the creation", in effect, of an ', army of the Empire.' The London "Stand- ' a;d " foreshadows the formation of military units, upon the model of the British Territorial Force, in the various oversea States. Presumably the main idea, of the Territorial Force would be copied to the extent that in each oversea state the, Jocal Territorials would only mc enJjstea for service within that State, and the responsibilities incurred would extend in peace time no further than the coining into camp for training during a certain part of each year. Apart from this,' each State would obviously have to 1 , frame the constitution and conditions of its force for itself. It is plain, for instance, that where the members were scattered over a very wide area their opportunities for drilling would be different from those of men in a town area, or even aa English county area. On the other hand it might be possible to secure a longer period of camp training than, is the case in England. Any such development would tend to give a common plan of organisation to the forces of Empire, whose troops would be formed into divisions on the following model: — A DIVISION. 3 infantry brigades of 12 battalions. 10 batteries of Field Artillery. 4 Field, etc., companies ef Kngmeers. , 3 A.S.C. companies. 3 field ambulances. 1 genera] hospital. 1 mounted regiment and army troops. This plan of organisation would make thirgs easier in a big war, as the oversea divisions Df.volun.tary troops would move into the theatre of war complete and ready for service. In short, machinery would be provided to take the thousands who volunteer for service, and place them on the field on a scientific plan. Jiacli mounted brigade or division, would have a complete service of artillery, engineeers, supply and transport, medical and veterinary services, and would, in consequence, not only be part and parcel of the British war ma<diine, but would be self-contained for home defence, • AN IMPERIAL GENERAL STAFF. 'iAt the last; Imperial Conference Mri Haldane brought forward a scheme in favour of an Imperial General Staff, and a resolution was. passed recognising- the need of a General Staff selected from the forces of the Empire to study military science in all its branches, and, in fact, to advise on the organisation of the military forces of the Crown, in every .. part of his Majesty's dominions. , .. ;1" Since then a nurnbSr" of'"conferences ; .have taken place at the: Waf'Qffice between the Secretary of the State for War, the Chief of the . General [ Staff, Major-General J. G-. Hoad (inspectorGeneral of the Australian Forces) and • others, in connection with, the proposals ■ for"carrying out the idea of an Imperial . ."General Staff. ' Asa. f esitlt of .these con- • ferejices, and also of;.the exchange of ■ views -with Sir Fredrick Borden, -the - Canadian Minister of Militia, who lately returned to Canada, details of a scheme ihaye been formulated dealing in the fullest manner with an Imperial General Staff, and attempts have been made to put the proposal of the Imperial Conference on a practical working basis. As to the na-ture of this scheme, secrecy is naturally maintained in view of the fact that it will have now to be submitted to the Colonial Governments concerned. Although so far only the Commonwealth of Australia and. the Dominion of Canada have sent officials to this country in connection, with the plans, the question of an Imperial Gen"era.l Staff is not restricted to Canada "and Australia, but will also include South Africa and New Zealand. Major-Genefa.l Hoad, who has been in England since September last, will leave, -in a few days .for the United States, where Arrangements have been made for .Jiim to study- matters of general interest in connection with the United States 'Army. He will visit all the great military centres from* the Atlantic to the Pacific, and -will investigate the methods of training, schools of instruction and military" organisation. Before leaving •tV'ancouTer at. the end .of March, en route -for-'Australia, he will also endeavjour £b see ' Something' of- "the Canadian military system. In tie conr-se of General Hoad's mission in this country the fullest possible facilities have been accorded to iim for visiting all the chief military centres of ile United Kingdom, where the wo-rk of .administration and of the General Staff :has been fully explained. He was at--fcaelieS to tfle Aldershot command snanoe/uvres under General Smith-Dor-rien, he -was a member of an important staff ride held -under General Sir W. UJlctolsbn, and ne attended conferences of It&e -General Staff- He was further enabled to visit the School of Musketry, ordinance facilities, army training de--potSj army service 3epots, etc. He has also been a keen observer of matters Connected "with the Territorial force, and the unrestricted facilities afforded him, together "with the Eearty co-operation ef the Secretary of State and -fche War Office, lave met -with much apprecia-

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AN EMPIRE ARMY. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 75, 29 March 1909

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