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ANGLO-COLONIAL NOTES., Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 75, 29 March 1909
(From Our Special Correspondent.) .._,.. _ LONDON, February.loth. COLONIAL FOOTBALL TOURS. The Scottish and English Bug-by Unions nave evidently agreed to make up their quarrel. The Scots havQ asserted their - point, and having -to all intents and purjrosea , carried it, they are quite content to leave it at that. So it may tic taken for granted that the Scotland vy England match will duly take place. Mr. J". A. Smith, secretary of the Scottish Football U;iion, has sent a letter to Mr. C. J. B. Marriott, secretary of the Rugby Union, in which he explains that the Scottish committee met with and consulted the past presidents of the Scottish Union, and unanimously decided to accept unhesitatingly not only the decisions but also the resolutions of the International Board. - ■■ -After stating that the Scottish Committee accept the explanation of the Rugby Union that they did not receive the New Zealand accounts until after 1008, Mr. Smith says that his committee jaassed a resolution to the effect that following on the meeting of tho special 2ommittee of the Internationa] Board, the Scottish, committee acquiesce in the Board's decision that Scotland was entitled to cancel the match with England without first referring the matter in disrp\rte to the International Board, and that they are now prepared to carry out the match in England, on receiving an excerpt of a minute of the Rugby Union Committee to the effect that that committee acquiesce in the recent declaration of the board by recognising that cash payments to players made to the New Zealand team are contrary to the principles of amateur Rugby football. Mr. Smith adds that the Scottish Union Committee now.believe there is nothing to prevent the match taking place oa March 20. "The probability is," comments the *' Athletic News," " that we have seen the end of Colonial teams for some years to come; at least so- far as the Antipodes are concerned." ;- A CAPTAIN COOK MEMORIAL. ' Lord, Brassey, past-president of the British and Foreign Sailors' Society, Mr. J. Cory, president, the Archdeacon of London, vice-president, Mr. T. Eynon Davies, director, Vice-Admiral King-Hall, director, Mr. Thomas Mason, chairman, and Mr. Alexander Jeffery and Mr. Edward W. Matthews, secretaries, published this week a letter in which they say: — " It is curious that London, from which he sailed, and in which he lived, has no monument to one of its greatest sailors. Trafalgar Square has been mentioned as a suitable spot for one. But wherever the monument is placed, it need not be overshadowed by Nelson, for Cook has a giory peculiarly his own, .which, can itever he diminished by another. The monu- , ment must'be worthy, central, characteristic, and inspiring. . . . This year the /-society's subject for competition among the schools of the British Empire is "Captain James Cook: His Voyages and Discoveries, and their Value to the Nation, Commerce, and Christianity." The British and Foreign Sailors' Society has ; set aside 23 handsome copper plaques, to ' - be awarded, to a successful competitor in x each province of Canada, Australia, South Africa, and the two islands of New Zealand. ' These vrul he given through their respective Ministers of Education. As a matter of cairoe, England - Scotland, Wales and Ireland are included. For the minds of the young to be impregnated wrth-lofty -ideals of great sailors and their deeds, which not only won the Empire, but discovered and defended it, must be of the utmost value. . . ." The British and Foreign Sailors' Society are asking for £10,000, urgently needed to complete five new buildings already commenced, and to replace four old ones. They suggest that there should be; a " Captain Cook" room in each building. . TEE-ROYAL COLONIAL INSTITUTE. From the forty-first annual report of the-Royal Colonial Institute, I gather that the number of members or '"Fellows" on the books is 4438, of whom Q. 360 aTe Tesident in London, and 3096 non-resident, while twelve are honorary life Fellows. The Institute is a wealthy body now, -with a •very handsome income. It started" the past "year with a credit balance of £2412, anrl receipts during the year raised the total to £10,195, .'against -which there were expenses amounting to £6208, leaving a credit balance at the end' of the year of £3987. •The- assets of the Institute are now rained at £65,934, including a freehold worth £30,520, and the . only liabilities are sundry accounts totalling £493. The library of the Institute has now become an important centre for the collection of the literature; —scientific, official, and general —regarding all parts of the British Empire, which is made aa far as possible accessible to all students of Colonial and Indian questions. Its substantial increase and present value are to a great extent attributable to the numerous and important donations received from tho Governments of the United Kingdom, the Colonies and India, and to authors, publishers, Fellows of the Institute, and others. Every opportunity is taken to acquire works dealing with early Colonial history and development, and during the past y<~ir several rare and costly treasures havH fcten acquired, both by donation and purchase. The sum available for the purchase of raTe -works, however, is limited, and in order that such books and pamphlets may find a place on the library shelves the Council invite the co-operation of the Fellows and others in the acquisition of such works as are not already in the library and aTe at all times difficult to obtain. The question of a more definite organisation of the British Empire for mutual strength and protection has frequently come under discussion at meetings of this Institute, and the conviction is gaining ground that the time will come when the younger communities within the Empire which have laid the foundations of national development and Imperial partnership will nave a share in the moulding of Imperial policy. A RHODES SCHEME FOR WOMEN. When Cecil Rhodes drafted his famous scholarship scheme he left out the women. But, nowadays, when the higher education of women has become a settled feature of modern life, few people will bo found to question the desirability of providing women graduates with facilities for international intercourse similar to those enjoyed by the Rhodes scholars. The idea was taken up some three years "ago by Mrs. T,hayer, ah_ American schoolteacher, who was a mistress for six years at Cheltenham under the late Miss Dorothea Beale, and this last November there at Girton College, Cambridge, the first American girl graduate under Mrs. Thayer's scheme. Miss Clara > Howard came with the intention of attending. ..Girton as a 'goat-graduate atuv ' ■ t
dent, and has spent one term, there.. She starts her second term at Oxford, because her purpose to to qualify for a lectureship in literature on her return to Columbia, and at Oxford the Bodleian Library is of immense value to her. Although the initiation oi tne Bcaeine has boldly been undertaken on a very small foundation, the income oi £300 a year has been guaranteed for one year, and, with, a confidence that is sublime, Madame Thayer trusts to women to help women, and does not hesitate to say that she is sure that not only will the second year's scholarship be forthcoming-, but the necessary endowment will be made. "Australia, America, New Zealand," she said, "are interested, and who could doubt that State-endowed scholarships will be the result They must be international scholarships, and ought to bear the same name as those for the men, for only by holding together with the same ideals and purposes can these scholars work out the aim and carry on the plan as it was originally evolved." A committee already exists in America, of which Miss Gill, Dean of Barnard College, Columbia University, is chairman, assisted by the four leading heads of other women's colleges, a committee appointed by the General Federation of Women's Clubs in the United States. So keen is the interest displayed by American women in their own. country in this scheme that not the slightest doubt is entertained that some, rich enthusiast will, ere long, start at least a nucleus by endowment. Annual subscriptions would do the rest until such time as the scholarship idea and its vast bearing on the growth of the nation would be fully realised. "What even three scholarships would mean to America I can hardly explain," says Mrs. Thayer. "My idea is to put the scholarships exactly on the same footing as Rhodes did. My women are to have their £300 a year on which to live. What is the use of a narrow and meagre livelihood for one whose purpose is to study? Why, what real good can she do if she is trammelled and worried by anxious thoughts of making ends meet? Besides, it is not enough to attend university lectures and to sit in libraries and read. She ought to be able to participate iii the living thought of the nation, she must see the theatres, listen to music, go into society, and £300 is the narrowest limit within which a little of that is possible." ■ SIR CHARLES LUCAS. Sir Charles Lucas was called upon for a speech at the farewell dinner to the new Governor of South Australia, and said a few words apropos of his forthcoming visit to Australasia. Sir Charles had not prepared a speech, and indeed was called upon quite unexpectedly. He is evidently quite unused to public speaking, and was painfully nervous when he rose to reply to the toast of "The Head of the Dominion's Department." However, he made an excellent little speech, and amused his audiences by his dry reference to the "two Colonial Offices." One —the one imagined by the general public—was, he said, "the time-dishon-oured home of wrongheadedness; a political Aunt Sally, which everybody seemed to find advantageous and amusing to shy anything at." Sir Charles Lueag/s visit wns also referred to at the Imperial Colonial Club's dinner to Sir George Le Hunte by the Hon. C. G. Murray, a member of STr Georga's staff in South Australia. He said he believed that the differences between the Colonial Office and the selfgoverning States were very slight indeed. The visit which Sir Charles Lucas was about to pay to Australasia, was probably one of the most important events in connection with the Colonial Office. The "Standard of Empire," commenting on Sir Charles Lucas's departure, says the visit can only be regarded as a beginning, a small advance towards the large scheme of interchanging officials I which is advocated by the oversea States. "If," it says, "that scheme is ever to bs established the momentum must come from outside the Colonial Office, for the permanent officials there are by no means enthusiastic advocates for any regular I system of exchange. They contond that they have nothing to learn from the oversea States, and that their work in Down-ing-street in no way suffers from a want of closer personal acquaintance with oversea life. "There can, however, be no doubt whatever of the great practical and sentimental advantages which would follow from a regular system o! interchanging officials. Th/ 3 present system, so far as it affects thfi Crown colonies, can in no wny be defended. It is the absolute antithesis of ! sound business principle." OLD AGE PENSIONS. Continuing his lectures on old age pensions at the London School of Economics this week, the Hon. W. Pember Reeves, the director of studies, spoke at length of the New Zealand system. It was inj teresting, he said, to know that one in six of the old age pensioners had their own-house, furniture, and gardens, and this negatived the suggestion that thrift was discouraged. The ten years' working of the system had laid a strong and disI tinct hold on the imagination and sympathies of the New Zealand public, and no candidate for Parliament would stand a chance if he suggested that the Act should be repealed. ! THE PAN-ANOLTCAN THANK- | OFFERING. It is understood that in its main details the scheme lor the allocation of the thank-offering of £350,000 raised in connection with the Pan-Anglican Congress last y-sar has been settled. Of the total, £125,000 was earmarked by its donors for specific purposes. The unappropriated amount is, at the instance of the Pan-Anglican Committee, to be devoted almost wholly to educational work abroad, thus:— 'Africa (South Africa, £24,000 Egypt £2000) £50,000 India 50,000 i China and Japan, each 30,000 Australasia 12,000 N.W. Canada (£42,000 also earmarked 15,000 South America (new Argentine diocese) 3,000 The educational work may be divided into two branches—the training and equipment of missionaries and the education of natives. The South African £24.000 will be devoted to the education of the -whites and the coloured people. The £30,000 to Japan will be spent in buildIng a theological college of the first order in Tokio. It is believed that the £12,----000 for New Zealand and Australia will be expended on secondaiy schools. Jamaica has already received £15,000 to help the rebuilding of tho churches after the earthquake. The proposed allocation of the funds ■will be communicated to th-s bishops and the different societies working in the various countries. Their opinions will ba finally communicated to a committees, of which the Arehbiahop of Canterbury is chairman, for eanction.
THE COLONIES AND THE N.R.A,
Founded in 1800, the National Rifle Association will hold its fiftieth prize meeting at Bisley next July, wheu it is hoped to mark the occasion by a great assemblage of British and colonial riflemen. At the winter meeting of the Association, held last Monday, the chairman (Lord Cheylesmore) stated that the Bisley Meeting of 1909 will be held from Monday, July 12, to Saturday, July 24. Thiß being the jubilee year, the Council were anxious to make it a record year in the history of the Association. Invitations had been sent to the various colonies and India, and the hope was entertained that His Majesty's dominions beyond the seas would be more fully represented than on any previous occasion. In connection | ■with the jubilee, a special prize would be added for colonial teams making the best aggregate scores in the Kolapore and Mackinnon competitions. Notification had already been received that teams would be present representing tho Witwatersrand Rifles (Johannesburg , ), the Natal Police, the Orange River Colony, and Australia. With respect to the detatls of the Bisley meeting, the chairman enumerated some of tho alterations wTiich it has been decided to introduce. There will be no change in the dimensions of the first, second, and thij-d-closs targets, but the whole of the "inner" of the 200 yards target will be while. The Mackinnon will be shot for on the first Thursday and the Kolapore Cup—the great contest between the Mother Country and the colonies—has been fixed for the first Friday of the meeting. GERMANY AND THE SOUTH SEA TRADE. Reuters Agency reports that the Government bill granting a subsidy to the South Sea services of the North German Lloyd was, on January 26, referred to a committee, after explanatory speeches in support of it hnd been delivered by Dr. yon Bethmann-Hollweg, Minister oi the Interior, and Herr Dernburg, Minister of the Colonies. In the debate on the bill, speakers of most parties supported it in view of British and Japanese competition. Dr. Hahn . (Conservative) said that, without wishing to say a word against England, it was natural that the inhabitants of Australia should , not regnrd German development there with agreeable feelings, and if the German line were discontinued the cause would cenainly come from Australia. Herr Hormann (Radical People's party) remarked that Germany was in a comparatively favourable position with regard to Australia, which, in German opinion, was following a quite erroneous and narrow-minded immigration policy, with the object of keeping out the competition .of foreign labourers, without whom the development of the Australian continent was not possible. That gave them double reason for seizing nny opportunity of extracting what advnntage they could from the situation. Dr. Semier (National Liberal) supported the bill, on the ground of the influence exercised by British freight charges on the German copra trade. He further pointrd out that generally the German shipping trade, thanks to the intelligence with which it was directed, had not found it necessary to ask for any subsidy. NELSON" BROTHERS. A comparison of the results of Nelson Brothers, Limited, for the past year, as shown in the report issued this week I with those of the corresponding period, is difficult to make with any exactness, owing to tho fact that the Company during the. interval sold the bulk of its fieehold estates jn New Zealand, but it i* sufficiently evident that the eftects of the depression in. the frozen moat trad« were felt pretty severely. The net profits amounted to £20.800, as again.** £42,500, a drop of £21,700, and it is only by means of a transfer of £10,000 from the reserve fund l —to which a similar amount -was allocated a year ago— that the Company is able to maintain its dividend at the rate of 7 per cent, while the balance carried forward) is also slightly smaller. On the other band, the land sale showed a profit of £58,700. The whole of the debentures have been rei dueed out of tho proceeds, and, after allowing for tho premium on redemption amounting to £14600, there is a net balance of £42,100, which is oddsd to reserve. "AN AUSTRALIAN DELUSION." Under the above heading the London "Chronicle" publishes to-day a paragraph from its naval correspondent, who says:— "An idea is prevalent in the Commonwealth that the Northern Territory may be safeguarded from alien invasion by means of an Australian navy, in which submarines arc to play an effective part. The discipline, technical knowledge, and special training for officers and crews of submarines are possible only to tho great naval Powers." COLONIAL TARIFFS. In a review of tho work of the Manufacturers' Association during tho past year, Mr. G. Byng, tho chairman, deals with the trad* relations between the homo country and the Colonies. Ho states that during the past year tho Association had pursued Its policy of ob taining reasonable concessions from Colonial and foreign Governments in respect to tariffs. The action taken had been entirely independent of any political bias, and they had succeeded in obtuining reductions and modifications of the greatest value to British trade. In inspect to the new Australian 'tariff, considerable concessions had been obtained from, and representations had been made to, the Governments of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa, asking that the proportion of British labour to be spent on British goods to entitle them to the preference should be raised above tho present proportion of 25 per cent. The Association had; discovered that foreign firms were working the Colonial market from Great Britain and securing the entry of their goode into those Colonies under the preferential duties, and were thus destroying the principle of preference. He hoped that the wishes of the Association would be met in the matter.
ANGLO-COLONIAL NOTES., Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 75, 29 March 1909
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