"WE COULD HAVE REACHED THE POLE."
BUT NOT HAVE RETURNED. MR WILDE'S STORY. (By Telegraph.—Press Association.) CHRISTCHURCH, this day. Dr. Mackay has something interesting to say regarding the physical effect of the low temperature experienced in the Antarctic regions. He had himself not been exposed to anything lower than minus 47 so far as could be ascertained, but the minimum thermometers went wrong on the magnetic survey journey,' in which he took part, and it was not possible to speak definitely on the point. One of the effects of the excessively low i temperature was that the fingertips hardened and lost sensation. Dr. Mackay submitted his fingertips for examination. They bore the appearance of having been frequently skinned and healed over. He explained this was due to the sloughing off of the skin ■which accompanied frostbite. Another serious -effect of the severe oold was loss of sleep. Complete unconsciousness in. really sound sleep -was apparently never attained, though, he supposed the irreducible minimum of sleep necessary to life must have supervened. The hardships attendant upon suea intense- cold, were only experienced by Hrn for about a week in the beginning of spring, after -which the temperature rose daily till December, when down on the coastal ice it was really too hot, and they went about in sweaters. A HAZARDOUS UNDERTAKING. • Supplementing Professor David's magnetic pole story, Mr. Mawson gives a graphic description of the long trek inland. The hauling was all done by the three men, no dogs being used. There was" no supporting party, so the undertaking was specially daring and hazardous. F-or the first few weeks comparatively low temperatures were recorded, the thermometer reading 30 to 40 degrees below zero. As summer advanced, Mr.' Mawson added, it became much warmer, and: was soon unbearably hot. "It will seem strange, doubtless," he continued, to persons whose general idea of the Antarctic is intense cold, when I teli you we had-to strip off our outer garments and ■were often pulling the sledges clad only in a singlet." The first portion of the journey was made with comparative ease, as about 250 miles of travelling lay along the sea ice. UP-COAST ADVENTURES. "We journeyed along the coast until we discovered a suitable spot from which we struck inland, to ascend the plateau. Mr. Mawson said that both the Discovery .and Borch-grevinlrs expeditions had the idea that it was possible to travel along the sea ice with a dog team at a very rapid pace, hut they soon found the work very different from descriptions given previously, and also saw that the provisions would not last, and were cut down to a very small allowance, which had to be cooked on an extemporised blub■ber cooker. Seals and penguins were killed as we went along, and cookea on a slow blubber lamp. We soon managed to get used to blubber, and swallowed seal oil, -finally coming to drink it with hearty Telish." Mr Mawson said the Discovery party had stated that such fare was so unpalatable and nauseating that the elightest amount was so highly objectionable as to cause vomiting. The explorers, however, took to the diet easily and found it really good. Only by establishing and stocking food depots was the party able to complete its hazardous journey and return in safety. - ■ Mr Wilde, one of the southern party that was less than 100 miles from the pole, gave a reporter some fragmentary impressions. "The principal drawback to the whole of the trip," he said, "was the extreme shortness of food. We were out a hundred and twenty-six days on ninety-one days' rations. That was as much ac we could carry. We were thin as rakes. Our allowance, which consisted of pemmicau and biscuit, was to have been thirty-three ounces daily, but one time was cut down nearly half that for some weeka." "Yes," said Mr Wilde, "we could have got the other ninety-seven miles, to the Pole, but we couldn't have got back. We were running so many risks at the time." "One of the features of the equipment was the inclusion of the kinematograph. It recorded the unloading of stores from the Nimrod in a blizzard, the arrival at Lytteltbn Harbour, the starting of sledge parties and actions of seals, sea leopards, and, most interesting of all, penguins, the quaintest of birds. Mr 'Marshall, .in charge of the kinematograph, states that the results are highly satisfactory. He used over 4000 feet of films, and about 2000 feet have been given up to the penguins alone. Over 1000 feet had been developed and show by the pictures obtained that the apparatus was a good one. From a scientific point of view it will be the means of adding very largely £o the world's knowledge of the habits of the Antarctic animals." THE QUEEN'S CONGRATULATIONS. Following is a telegram received by liieut. Shackleton yesterday: "Lieut. Shackleton, Discovery ship Nimrod, Lyttelton.—The Editor of the "Daily Mail" is commanded by Her Gracious Majesty the Queen to convey to Lt. Shackleton, Her Majesty's heartiest congratulations upon his great achievement. —Andrew Caird, Editor in Chief." WORLD-WIDE TRIBUTES. (By Cable:—Press Association.—Copyright.) LONDON, March 25. World-wide tributes have been received from .scientists upon the far-reaching importance of Lieutenant Shackleton's discoveries. His wife has been overwhelmed with congratulations. Captain Scott, of Antarctic fame, interviewed on the subject, commended the magnificent journey made, and the splendid, bold work accomplished. AN APPH.BCIATIOK. (Received 10.50 a.m.) .. SYDNEY, this day. The "Daily Telegraph" contains an article appreciative of the splendid results of Lieutenant Shackleton's expedition. - . • , ~,i-,. ,'
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