SHACKLETON'S GREAT JOURNEY.
WITHIN TWO DECREES OF THE POLE. MAGNETIC POLE REACHED. [PBESS ASSOCIATION.—OOFYBIGHX,y LONDON, March 24. The "Daily Mail" publishes this morning the first news of the results achieved by the British Antarctic expedition. Lieutenant Shackleton, who has supplied the story to the "Mail," states that Lieutenant Adams (the meteorologist), Sir Phillip Brocklehurst (surveyor), Professor David (geologist), Mr. A. F. Mackay (junior surgeon and zoologist), Mr. Erio Marshall (senior surgeon and cartographer), and Mr. Mawson left. Cape Royds on March 5 to ascend Mount Erebus, which they climbed on March 7, with a sledge, carrying their equipment on their backs, to an altitude of 9500 feet. The thermometer was at 50deg. below freezing point. After a violent blizzard, lasting for 30 hours, they reached the old crater on March 9, and found unique fumaroles or smoke holes. The crater was filled with selspar crystals, pumice, and sulphur. The summit was reached on March 10, and the active crater examined. This was found to be half a mile in diameter and 800 feet deep. Volumes of steam and sulphurous gas were rising to a height of 2000 feet. After making mineral collections, the party glissaded down the mow slopes of the mountain and reached Cape Royds- on March 11. BRILLIANT AURORA DISPLAYS. Meteorological observations were taken until the end of the expedition. Her Majesty Queen Alexandra has, through the "Daily Mail," heartily congratulated Lieutenant Shackleton on his great achievements. In a later dispatch to the "Daily Mail" Lieutenant Shackleton reports that Mr. Murray found abundant microscopic life, rotifera, etc., in the fresh water lakes near Cape Royds, also ringed penguins, lichens, and mosses. Mr. Mawson made records of Aurora displays, which were exceedingly brilliant throughout the winter, mostly in the east, but seldom in the direction of the magnetic pole. They are described as "racing cascades of luminescence, darting across the heavens. 5 ' Many and full records were obtained of currents and tides. Professor David considers the Antarctic bergs are mostly snowbags. Fossil radiolaria were found in glacial boulders. Much marine dredging was done, winter shafts being sunk, and biological winter studies were continued. Cinematograph records were obtained of natural history. The lowest temperature recorded was 72 deg. below freezing point. "Sledging on August 12," the message continues, "Mr. Armytage, Professor David, and I examined a great ice barrier, the surface showing 89 deg. of frost. "Returning to Cape Royds on September 19, Lieutenant Adams, Mr. Joyce, - Mr. Marshall, Mr. Mawson, and I restarted on 22nd, and placed 124 miles south of the Discovery's winter quarters a depot for our southern journey. "A blizzard held us up for a week, the "lowest- temperature being- 88' deg. of frost. The barrier surface was found impracticable for the -motor sledge, but the Arrol-Johnston motor proved useful over the sea ice in laying depots and covering a distance aggregating 400 miles. DASH FOR THE POLE. 'The southern party, consisting of Adams, Marshall, Will, and myself, with four ponies and a supporting party, namely, Sir Philip Brocklehurst, Messrs. Joyce, Mawson, Armytage, and Priestiy, left Cape Royds on October 29. Wo left-the hut at that point on November 3, with 91 days' provisions, and were detained at White Island by a blizzard for four days. "The supporting party returned on the 7tk. Lieutenant Adams' pony was nearly lost owing to the bad light and the ice crevasses. On the 13th we reached the depot established in September in latitude 79 deg. 36 mm. and longitude 168 deg., and took on the pony maize and provisions, and having reduced our rations travelled south along meridian 168. ' "The high ridges were covered with hard snow, alternating with soft snow, in which the ponies often sank to their bellies. "In latitude 81 deg. 4m. south I shot a pony and made a depot, leaving oil, biscuits, and some of the pony meat there. The remainder of the latter we carried to eke out the dried rations. "On the 26th we reached the Discovery's southernmost latitude, and encountered soft snow in large undulations. Two ponies went snowbiind and were ■hot. We made a depot in latitude 32 deg. 45m., longitude 170.' "Professor David reports that the northern party, consisting of Mr. Mawson, Mr. Mackay, and himself started on October 5 over a difficult route, and after many hardships reached on January 16 the magnetic pole—latitude 72 deg. 26m., longitude 154—and hoistedthe Union Jack." _,«*■ ~" ~"
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