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LABOUR AND LOYALTY.

Considering thjit a serious national emergency 'has arisen in England, and that in the opinion of most people it is necessary for the country to take careful precautions against the risks of war and invasion, we might reasonably expect that even extreme political partisans would sink all minor considerations and make common cause with, the QovI ernment in the Empire's defence. But, unfortunately, that is not Mr. Keir Hardies conception of public duty, and accordingly we find him seizing this particular occasion to ventilate his extraordinary Socialistic views, and to do what he can to embarrass and obstruct the Imperial authorities in the discharge of their weighty responsibilities. At any other time the fatuous nonsense in which Mr. Keir Hardie indulges would only merit derieion. He urges his Radical followers not to support Government in its..efforts to secure England against danger, buti "to stretch their hands acros?;7tn*s .sea to their German colleagues." Apparently Mr. Keir Hardie labours under the extraordinary delusion that his "German colleagues" are inspired by a truly fraternal love of the British nation, and that in -their desire to tho, common enemy, the capi.talist «ystem, ,! ihcy would promptly re-ptidntttf'h.lJ'the'-obligations of loyalty and patriotism. But Mr. Keir Hardie must know very little about the Social Democrats or lie would know that Bebel and Singer, and. «11 the leaders of the party have constantly declared that the first duty of every German is to his country, and that, though they hate the tyrannical system of militarism that Prussia has imposed upon them, they are as firmly convinced as the Kaiser himself that it is a great and glorious thing to dio for one's native hind. In the present condition of public feeling at Home, Mr. Keir Hardie is not likely to get much more sympathy than he has secured in past'years by his efforts to champiou the Boers and the Zulus, the Hindus and the Egyptians. But it is a remarkable illustration of his ignorance and his fanaticism that he should impute to the German Social Democrats doctrines that they themselves would be the first to disown. Bllt though Mr. Keir Hardie claims to speak with the voice of Labour in England, it would be extremely unfair to the great majority of the industrial classes at Home to attach liis extraordinary views to them. As a mailer of fact, many of the most distinguished Labour leaders of the day, while sympathising with Mr. Keir Bardie's undoubtedly honest desire to ameliorate the conditions of life for the workers, have emphatically dissociated themselves from him in regard to other Imperial and public problems, more particularly the question of military service and national defence. Last August Mr. Robert Blatchfofd, probably the most influential Socialist in England, in his paper the "Clarion," raised the question of the German . navy, and the probability that England would soon have to defend her position as mistress of the seas; and he called upon the country irrespective of political creeds and prejudices to unite and face this great national peril. Ho was supported not only by Mr. Fred Jowett, Labour member for Bradford, and editor of the "New Age," but aleo by no less a personage thaii the famous revolutionary, Mr. H. M. Hyndman, who, as editor of "Justice," is the mouth-piece of the party which demands the subversion of Capitalism and the reconstltution of Society on a strictly Democratic basis. -Mr. Blatchford stated at length the grounds for believing that Germany's naval expansion is directed against England, and that England may at any moment find herself attacked by Germany or by a combination of Powers at Germany's instigation. He contended that the danger could be averted only by timely preparation Jagninst war, and his arguments, were emphatically confirmed by Jowett arid- Hyndman. Against this array of Socialistic talent, all that Mr. Keir Hardie could find to say was that the German invasion is "a deliberately manufactured scare concocted by[ •the ghouls of both countries, who live by ;on the credulity of the public." "liffcer-:i'«i3ing tJie pernicious nonsense Ttlia'fc Keif Hardie pours forth so fluently I ,aboUt the .beauty of peace and the heces-1 sity for jiruug in amity with all men, it is refreshing to come across so outspoken "arid courageous an assertion of .the duty of the individual to his country) as is.contained in. the published utter- - ""pf7«To.wett, Hyndman, and Blatch-j f0.r.d... y/IYyOmen and men," says the j "Clarion," in its inst -appeal to the people, "will you let mc -beg of you not to com-: (OTifc the fatal error'of mistaking words j for facts? You want peace, comrades. ! Will you prove yourselves worthy of it? j 'Will you listen to an old friend's warn-j ing of the approach of war?" Happily' for England, there'are many thousands' (fitljomri who will heed .the wisdom of Biatchford and Hyndman rather than, the | hysterical ravings of Keir Hardie.. arid | may yet prove to the .world, when proof . : is needed, thai the British nation is not altogether "effete, degenerate, and, I emasculate." !

The following' Is "Captain " Edwin's' weather forecast for. 24 hours from 9a.m. this day:—Northerly moderate to strong winds; glass fall slowly. The remarkable- debate upon, the British Navy in the House of Commons and the remarkable offer made by Newi Zealand to the Mother Country are the' topics of the hour, and the mas -who wants to be au fait on the subject' of international armalmfe&t.'and particularly Dreadnoughts, should get a copy of this week's "Graphic" which.has some flne pictures of the rival warships of England and Germany, whose mysteriously ac-. tive programme of naval construction has been the text for the startling ser-" mon which is now being preached throughout the Empire. A Maori youth caused some excitement in Waipiro Bay early on Saturday morning, by breaking into McCullough's store. Two Maoris going home saw a light, and looked in the shop, which frightened the culprit. One Maori went for the police, while the other went in pursuit of the youth (Runi), who had made off. After running some distance, Ruru waded into the sea up to bis neck. He was kept there a prisoner until arrested by Constable Bevan. On investigation- it was found that some clothing and tobacco had been taken. , ,■■/■■ \\i:^\-i^\js, The Auckland University Council met yesterday afternoon, when a quantity of routine business regarding the School of Mines, certain leases, and other matters was disposed of, and a lengthy discussion took place on the question of the disposal of prospecting and mining rights on the Taupiri reserves, 'a full report of which, appears elsewhere. An interesting situation aro3e at the meeting of the Parnell Borough Council last evening, when at the conclusionof the proceedings, the Council went into committee to discuss a public matter. One ratepayer was present at the meeting, and the Mayor (Mr. G. W. Basley) requsted that all should leave the room. The old gentleman straightway demurred at what he considered "very unfair," and desired to know the why and wherefore of his exclusion from tha discussion of public interests. Mr. P. Pitt objected to any ratepayer being asked to leave the Council Chamber, Mr. J. R Lundon adding that committee proceedings did not in any way mean discussion in camera, but were availed of only for the purpose ©faltering the rules of debate and permitting suspension of the regulations covering ordinary council procedure.- He remarked that it had 'been previously proved that a ratepayer could not be excluded from the .Council proceedings, even in committee, unless he chose to go. Mr. Basley said that it was deemed advise ahle in the present instance to. discuss, the question in privacy.- and it was amatter for the ratepayer -present, whether he chose- to accede to-.this .or ! not. The visitor had by this time- re* cognised the facts of his position,'and. with his departure 'the question .was ] dropped. i A largely attended meeting of the Remuera Ratepayers' Association was held last evening in the schoolroom, the Rev. "VV. Beatty presiding. , The following candidates were unanimously selected as ' representatives of the association for the forthcoming election of Road Board mem bers: Messrs. G. Niccol,'Percy Spencer, 1 and A. T. Pilkington, Those' present; formed themselves into, a committee to secure the-return- of these candidates.; With regard--to-Avhat. was described as I the excessive valuations Qtt property "lii" the district, it was decided to ask all whose property was over-valued to interview the local valuation officer, and, failing any reduction, to lodge an abjection before the 31st inst. It was decided to hold a further meeting on Monday to appoint a legal representative to appear at the Valuation Court in support of these objections. A man named Kostanich, one of an Austrian shooting party was drowned in Waikanae Lake yesterday. A telegram from Parongarenga slates that the party had, been shooting ducks from the edge of the lake, when the deceased attempted to swim after a wounded bird. He was evidently seized with cramp, and disap- ' peared. The body has not yet been recovered. The astonishing visitation of fires in several parts of the Dominion, the. doomed hotels in the Ohinemuri district,.! St. Patrick's Day in Auckland, ehnracyl ters from Manuella (written and composed by Aucklsnders). a page of men j who are prominent in the public eye, are a few of the varied subjects covered In this week's "Graphic." The issue has a mass of saf ormatior. which will come p.s | a boon to the business man, who wants to keep abreast of the times, but, is too busy to hunt up the information with which be is presumed to be familiar. The "Graphic" does this for him, and gives it to him in ', the most attractive form possible. You cannot afford to miss this publication, a fact of which you will be convinced by a glance through the issue which comes out to-morrow. The Secretary of the New Zealand federation Builders' Association (Mr. W. A. Grenfell) is in receipt of a cable from Mr. F. Ransom, secretary of the Queensland Master Builders' Federation. Mr. Ransom, after inquiring whether any more bricklayers were leaving for Queensland, states that the recent intimation from the Brisbane Bricklayers' Union, regarding the state of the local market, not accurate. One firm of contractors in Brisbane had been wanting eight men for sonio time, according to Mr. Ransom. Mr. Grenfell, in conversation with a Wellington reporter, said that this should not inj duce a rush of local men toj Queensland, as what with the tradesmen who have left New Zealand and are leaving, the Queensland market should be well supplied. A meeting of ladies ma held at the City Council Chambers yesterday afternoon to consider a proposal emanating from the Wellington ladic-s. for the establishment of a stewardesses' bed at the local hospital, to be called the Hope-Jacobs bed, as a memorial to the brave -manner in which; Mrs- Hope and iMrs. Jacobs helped . fed save the lives of many of the people on the ill-fated Penguin. A communication from the Wellington committee? stated that if £40 could be raised.- that sum would Ibe sufficient to provide tho suggested bed. The ladies prcjsejit formed themselves into a committee, and canvassers I were appointed to Collect the neees«iry J funds. ' *;' ! "Our committee fns'ctings are not atj tended by the councillors as they ought jto be," remarked, the Mayor at the meeting of the Grey Lynn Council last j evening. "This is the dying hour of j the present Council, and it is imperative that the committee work should !be well done.. I. ,:,y*o- offer our services jto the^ratepayers'ive .-should fulfil the 'duties appcii'ulm*''"" ' to . ilie position." 1 The effect'of %jss remark was—"And with one accord they all began to make ' excuse." The only variation was that some few began to explain that the cap did not ,fit. them. For 6/11 you can have a good-looking , long-wearing suit for your- boy. Ask lor !the tunic.—Geo. Fowlds.—(Ad.)

A \Dimedin telegram states task ofinaking watertight the new dock entrance an<l Wood'sheathing a.fbund the caisson has proved mora tedious and difficult than 7w<*\s anticipated, lljfe caisson has been docked several time 3 in' order to "true up" the abutting surfaces, but a Considerable amount of leakage was still I noticeable when the dock wub pumped I dry, although,the small spaces would not of a knife blade'- The pTEssirrg ;>ehtrid. forces' the water into the dock, a'd'efeet which the contractors have been endeavouring to remedy for some weeks past. Tbe dock was. again pumped dry on Friday, and on Saturday a special meeting of the Dock Trust.was, held to consider the position., The dock and crfisson were inspected,..ancf as a result of the inspection the caisson will be again docked, in order to remedy the present leakage. It is reported from Te Kuiti that a Waihi carpenter merf with a serious accident whilst engaged in bridge building on Thursday morning last. It appears that when one of the girders was being put into position the derrick carried away, causing the man to be precipitated into the creek below, a distance of some 20ft. He will 'be brought to Waihi as soon as possible. The man's name is not given. Our Taumarunui correspondent writes: A man named' o*l)onuhuhu had a narrow escape from Being killed 1 on Monday morning. He was driving a horse and cart loaded with furniture, when some children suddenly appeared on a. T[ft xL. he y ro causi n? tbe" horse to shy. O'Donuhiihti was thrown front the cart; the wheels passed over his thighs; and a great smashing of "furniture waa the result." The new Post Office which is to be erected in Mt. Eden-road, opposite Gor-don-road, will be exactly similar to that to be built at Epsom. It will be a two-storey brick building with a frontage of 28ft. and a depth pf 36ft. In the front there will be two mais entrances, one leading to the private boxes and the other to the public room. The upper portion of the frontage will be brought out in relief by red cement facings with a gable and tiled roof. The upper storey will be devoted to residential purposes. Tenders to close on April 1 are now being invited by the "Public Works Department for tli's building, whilst other tenders are to be received for a Post Office at Ngaruawahia. This wiTl be on the same lines as those at Epsom and Mt Eden, but will have 'a greater depth. The annual meeting of the Ponsonby Shakespeare and Rhetoric Club will take place on Thursday evening (25th instant) at theTLepture Hall of the Leys Institute. With a view to preserving the historical associations connected with the varied' nomenclature of tbe famouß beauty spots in Otago's fiordland, the Hon. T. Mackenzie intends to compile an interesting Booklet describing the origin of the ' names of'lakes and mountain ranges. His idea' ; is the growth of years, but it was recently developed by a discussion he had with Mr Jas. McKerrow, formerly Surveyor-General of New Zealand, who, in company withMr J. T. Thomson, chief surveyor for Otago, in IS6I, explored and surveyed the interior of Otago. Mr McKerrow, it is I interesting to note, was the first to "introduce the word "fiords" of New Zea- ] land. It was this gentleman who has' done greater work than is generally credited to him, who named the Living- J ■ stone range after Dr. Livingstone, the great African explorer, and the Moffat range after Livingstone's father-in-law. Mr McKerrow has kindly promised to provide valuable information on . the matter to Mr Mackenzie, who is confident that such a booklet, if issued m conn'ectiSn with the Tourist Department, will prove valuable and particularly interesting to tourists as well as New Zealanders who do not know the reason for the names of the hills, lakes, j and valleys of their land. Professor J. Macmillan Brown, ol Christchurch, who returned some three months ago from a tour of China and Japan, left Wellington on Friday for Sydney en route to England, After, spending a month or two in the Old ; Country he will visit Spain, and will thence set out on an extended journey through" South and Central America, , visiting Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, BoI livia, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, . Panama, New Mexico, and thence through California to San Francisco, rej turning' to New Zealand about the end of the year by way of Tahiti. Professor Macmillan Brown's object in visiting the Central American States (says the Christchurch "Press") is the investigation of the wonderful ruined cities of the ence powerful and cultured Maya nation, who occupied the country at the time of j the Spanish conquest. The remains of their great cities and temples are among the archaeological wonders of the world. Eight or nine years ago a large log stuck in the Snowy river, opposite a place known' as Watt's Gulch (says the Melbourne "Argus"). Sticks and "twigs, branches of trees, weeds, and reeds drifting down the stream, became caught in the obstruction. Then mud and stones silted up against it from the bed of the river. Year after year this went on, until tlie old snag has now -become a Una island in the middle of the river, 150 yards long, 15 yards wide, containing) 4000 cubic yards of material, and covered with a thick growth of shrubs and grajs. It is an ornament to the locality, and an interesting abject lesson Ln the creation of islands. But the Public Works Department fears that the next big flood coming down the Snowy river will ■be' driv-sn over the banks by the island, to the damage of the neighbouring flats, j So the Inspector-General of Works (Mr. Davidson) has decided that the place J must go.. He p>-oposes that a cutting shall •" bo made from end to end of the island, 20ft wide, and down as deep as the limit of the river, and that the rest of the. land ahull be ploughed up. He liopes that the next flood water coming down the Snowy river will, by means of the channel, tear through the island, and sweep the logs and boughs and silt, and anything else that is left of tbe old snag, away down to the sea. Parematn, residents have been somewhat scandalised by an occurrence which, if not unique, is, fortunately, very unusual. An old lady who lias long resided in the district was recently taken ill. and was admitted to the Wellington Hospital and placed in the ward for incurable cases. Scarcely was she installed there when the caretaker of the Ravcmata cemetery received orders to open up the grave of hrr lute luiaband in preparation to receive another body. This-was done immediately, and the gravediggcr. excavated down until he reachcdvj.he coffin which had lain there some 20' years. The grave has now remained open. about three weeks (according- to n a X well-known . settler, who told the story to a "Dominion" reporter), and the old lady, now removed to the mni'j) hospital, wns well enough to sec visitors a day or two ago. There has j been a- good deal of talk about the dig-1 ging. of .the grave, and residents , com-1 ment upon it as a very unseemly pro-1 ceeding.'

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LABOUR AND LOYALTY. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 70, 23 March 1909

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