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FROM ENGLISH EXCHANGES.

MOKE LETTERS OF QUEEN. i ■ ' 'VICTORIA.-" [ .• -• - '- ft- - ft- ' The statement that a further-selection of the letters of Queen-Victoria is-to be issued has aroused much interest and curiosity in the book world;' i If. is understood that the King is willing to allowa* further 'selection "to" be is-. sued, which will include correspondence, for twenty-five years after the death of the -Prince Consort;. '". "W ■ (■'■. As the letters deal with matters near to contemporary events, it will be realised that the utmost care has to be exercised in their selection, arid for this "reason they are not likely to he ready for publication until' 1910.""* i "'T""'"" The -personal interest which' King' Ed-, ward took in the .former volumes is well .known; indeed, his Majesty exer-; cised a personal supervision over the work. ■ ' ■ ... .... . i JERICHO UNEARTHED. Every tourist" who -travels from- Jerusalem to the Dead Sea, through -the, 'wild mountainous country "of the "desert of ■ Judea, knows the wretched little 'hamlet of Jericho.- Here for some ' months past excavations have been "in progress under German auspices, with the result that at last the veritable walls of the old town have been "discovered. They lie at a depth of ' Bft.,' and aTe marvellously built, while at .one point .there; is a breach by which the place has been entered.- The town.can never have been a large one, but. in broad outline,, the ■ investigations confirm the story of the Old Testament. This will be no surprise, for the view of Voltaire and some sceptics- of the earlier ninetjeenth century, who .held. that.the.Jews were mere ignorant bandits „dow,n .to..com.paratiyely'..late times, and. that, they .evolved, their, .his-" torical books out ,oi their own imagination, has been abandoned in our own day .in face.of the ever-accumulating evidence of facts. The of the masonry at Jericho is a fact which seems to have struck the German excavators. But mas,onry or brickwork of a period even .re-' mdter and quite as perfect has" been dis- , covered "in Italy, in Crete, in Babylonia, and Egypt. Men have been too ready in the past to discount the 7 art of these .dim and far-ofTapes. It might be supposed that pnuitafion was" essentially a modern' develppinent,. yet in the* •Kties of Babylonia an admirable sysUu of sewers has been fcjid Kindts

' recently" I&i CEvans jjas* disentombed, at Cnbrisbs,',in'Crete,j?hathr6pm\rhich, from [ the perfection. oLats engineering and its 'tilework, is described by an. Italian authas "all?" IngleseJ' or "quite in the jbest English fashion. It cannot have been 1 built,.; much: later y.thah 71S00 8.C., or about the age. of. Abraham. In the building i.n whiqh-,it ocpuxg li an.d_ which was I perhaps' the veritable*,, Labyrinth of Minos, many-examples of an art almost as exquisite as'that bf""the'era"bf Phidias I have been recovered. . There is, for example, the fresco.'of a cupbearer—one of the mysterious.race who fouilt this buried [-palace—with, "colours.almost as -brilliant :as .when they were laid' down,-over- three thousand 'years before.'.*.; Modern investigation is thus widening-the .horizon of man in surprising fashion,'-and'is*'con-firming the-legends "which-a too-sceptical generation..had dismissed, as ''■'"[' CAME TRUE. * '.[ ** We do not know -whether to congratu-. late or-to condole with Professor" Erank A.- Perretj- of New-York, upon--being just -;one- ■ -dayi. -too v- Jatei-itd:■-"witness „the- fulfilment ~of.his7prophecy.:Tin November, liDo7rit:seeins,'*his"-'Jtpr'it6'ld"a' ter•xifie earthquake for Sicily- for just ley ear; 'latere' Presentlyhe • fixed ; *t-he'*tiine , at the end of December, 1908. ' So -sure was Le that he crossed the Atlantic to* see it when the time arrived; telling everybody on* the ship as 'he came what' was ■ about to occur. But the-'death of iv'relative -slightly-detained Kirn,, and'he liad-oniy, .got'to Naples when thedjsaster'came off. One can imagine the 'worry "of the poor prophet"all the""way 'aeiosa, diijtfa-fcted to 'know - - whether he _would.be -just'inVtimc or just too late, and the mixedfeelings he will have about it all ihe'rest of his days. It seems that-Pr-ofessor-Perret based bis prophecy onthe--faot-ythat the-eartk-would be between two.riyal,planets at the. time fixed, and calculations that Sicily Would be the weak spoj where the tug. of war would culminate. Her will oblige the world by getting-outhis next prophecy at once. '- .-.,.-- EXPORT JOT BtacSCTFOItiIST j ftft '*'- ■/'■^-^_. .•••CT.ocitS'."-"., *;~/"7~*;z * Acctirding to Jewellery andHo'rojogy Exportation, published in the interests •of .the German export trade, the Black Toriest" clock "industiyj dating from" the beginning of "the eighteenth century, has held its place in the markets of. Europe and America..for,... oyer,. £wo hundredyears. This success is ascribed to the wood cuckoo .clocks,jind'.simi- • •lar-specialties:- - - —- y * ■-- At one of labour and the ".flttroSuctioii of modern' factory methods lin.the. United—Statesl threatened, not only to* drive, the": German' 'Clocks' "'froni - the • American" * hut can "clock" ,eveii^-entered. , * : intti' > cdmp'etition ."with'the eGrrman;'product.'The ' Black Eorest.people-introduced modern methods, however, amd -not only regained .their former 5 state".'of but 'have" greatly** ificreas'ed'" thiiir";"6uQ)ut. Since' 1880'the'clocks /exported 'hayS' increased -over -300 per -cent: '= Within" the past six" years "France -has than ' doiibled7 ter ; impbrts:~6£-. Black" 7 Eorest -cldeksy'the'■'""Argentine'-' Ttepublic "'has •tripled, h6r imjpo'rte,''arid the" United States has anore.than;quadrupled hers. Hbweviri-, Great-Britain' is'th.e heaviest "purchaser, taking- qhe-third of the'iptal ■ exports. * ■"/;■ "■- | ; ; ;2XjC|'OHOii' : iN';. 6!ERSMt&S"y.'In .Germany alcohol is produe'ear fyom almost, all materials containing - :earbohydates,' Such as potatoes, fruits; including ' cherriesj pliimsj "and "other*.- stone fruits, berries,' grapes,.currants', "raisins, vvine-, wine ~ lees, and Wine cake, rye, barley, wheat, corn, dari or sorghunj e£c., but the greater portion is- rnahufaetuted from, potatoes." " Puririg* the* year -just tities of' the. principal materials ; used in the production of spirits we.re, in-metrio tons of 2204.6 pounds, as follows:—Potatoes, 2'7!27,49:3- baTley, ' f 72,201; 7 rye, i 03,352; co'fn and daii, "104,347; other grain 'Gallons:- Cherries,'l2,6B4'; plums, 64,368; other ' stone and' kernel fruity 43,116'; 'berriesj; 2927;' Wijie lees, 949,112; -wine and fruit cake, 272,207;, grape-skins, 6.757,190..."..-.' '..' ', '■ . . ■ ' . Jr0m"i,727,493 toils' of potatoes .'(100,----218,204 ThushelS Of "sixty pounds-.etfchj; consumed in the yarjons distilleries, 7Q,----445,157 gallons" of alcohol were: produced, or 77.3 per cent, of the' total output—• 101,473,345 gallons.. r ~._ ~.. The potato in Germany has ' been. brought to a high state of perfection by, an elaborate scheme of scientific-fertiliz-ing and organised by ;the Bureau of Agriculture, arid by continued experiments Tfdin year"to year, until the w-hole.;' isy'stehl.' of 'planting;'" :curtivatlng and harvesting Has been" reduced to' exact practical methods-^-Conaular^"Report. ' BIAXECTS DT IONDOJf." : "No -more 'curious' change has " come over London social- life" of, late. years than the rise of that almost total regard of provincialism among- its- 'constitutens and casual, sliarers "wMeh nowadays'ipef vades'tlie city." ' ft"'"* "■ "J In these; Wolds "Mr. Thomals "Hardy/as president of'the.7Society^'of' Dorset/Mea mr London, the dialect in his' preface to, the annhal volirmne of the society.' " .' '" ; "Fifty years ago," he - says, "thel ol> ject of every sojourner in from the West—as from the east/south, and' north—was to obliterate r 'his' 'local dolour'; and merge' hiihself "in Londoner as quicldy as possible. ftft "But now tp>yn society has become' a huge menagerie, and. at whiat w*as called the best houses, visitors hear with no surprise \ twangs "arid,.burrs ' and. from every.\'point, of the compass, '''";/' "In" former,"".times' an" unfa'ihiliar"accent Tiva's,,noted, asquaiat 'etndftodd;ftkyen a feature of Tridieule in hovels, memoirs'; and conversations'of that date. "So that;"while it was the'aim of every provihcial,"from' r the squire td'. the rustic, to get rid pf ,his..artlculaticin:' at". '/ the earliest- moment, -he now seems to pride himself on retaining it." Mr. HaTdj- predicts -that- some day local" accents ancT'words ihay'be''affected by society men, "like~ the newest pattern in -waistcoats,'and members 'of club's will go" down to the shires for the week-end to get a little private practice. Harvest Thanksgiving Services were •held at.the Eden- Terrace Church on Suno day last- The' building had been "taste" fully arid ' appropriately 'decorated for * 'the, occasipn. 'THarvest anthems /vyere rendered_by the n choir;, and in' the .even? ing a quartette was given by Mrs. Camp- ' "bcoiy Miss.' Hames, and Sles'srs. 'liollard and H..'"Moor,. The Rev. T. H7 ,t,ybn "was the preacher. Last evening ' (Mbnday) > ."a.y.fruit7spcial was. held»7 A ,very interesting programme. yfas gix e n byj Mesda'mek Pillar- and JUgby ; Mies Phillips, 1 and 'Mescfames Mollard. and 'Idoor. Thij" circuit7steward '(Mr. Moor,, serir.) gave a .statement of .^ ie accounts ior. the. past quarter,-, which showed' that .ipepme lad .njetyexpeiiditiifc. During.'the" ey.Cn*'.'nf'Mr., Ttiirtmann" sold, the' harvesl'.-of- ? St-ririgs:.. ".'The. 'eyeiiSg'''conciiideS'.'wilh i>jrlour games. '"" "" "" " ■"'"

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FROM ENGLISH EXCHANGES. Auckland Star, Volume XL, Issue 70, 23 March 1909

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